Cardiovascular System - Circulation Development

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Introduction

Adult human cardiovascular system
Adult human cardiovascular system

The peripheral circulation, both arterial and venous, are extensively remodelled with embryonic and fetal development. The purpose of this current page is to provide a central resource link to this topic of adult circulatory organization from the embryonic vasculature. Due to the extensive developmental remodelling there are a large number of variations in vascular organization and agenesis.

This general topic is covered in a number of different pages on this site including both coronary circulation and neural circulation.


Circulation Links: Coronary and Neural
Cardiovascular Links: Introduction | Heart Tutorial | Lecture - Early Vascular | Lecture - Heart | Movies | Heart | Coronary Circulation | Heart Valve | Heart Rate | Circulation | Blood | Blood Vessel | Blood Vessel Histology | Cardiac Muscle Histology | Lymphatic | Ductus Venosus | Spleen | Stage 22 | Abnormalities | OMIM | 2012 ECHO Meeting | 2016 Cardiac Review | Category:Cardiovascular
Historic Embryology - Cardiovascular 
1902 Vena cava inferior | 1905 Brain Blood Vessels | 1909 Cervical Veins | 1912 Heart | 1912 Human Heart | 1914 Earliest Blood-Vessels | 1915 Congenital Cardiac Disease | 1915 Dura Venous Sinuses | 1916 Pars Membranacea Septi | 1919 Lower Limb Arteries | 1921 Human Brain Vascular | 1921 Spleen | 1922 Aortic-Arch System | 1922 Pig Forelimb Arteries | 1922 Chicken Pulmonary | 1923 Head Subcutaneous Plexus | 1925 Venous Development | 1927 Stage 11 Heart | 1928 Heart Blood Flow | 1935 Aorta | 1935 Venous valves | 1938 Pars Membranacea Septi | 1938 Foramen Ovale | 1939 Atrio-Ventricular Valves | 1940 Vena cava inferior | 1940 Early Hematopoiesis | 1942 Truncus and Conus Partitioning | Ziegler Heart Models | 1951 Heart Movie | 1954 Week 9 Heart | 1957 Cranial venous system | 1959 Brain Arterial Anastomoses | Historic Embryology Papers | 2012 ECHO Meeting | 2016 Cardiac Review | Historic Disclaimer

Some Recent Findings

  • Infrahepatic inferior caval and azygos vein formation in mammals with different degrees of mesonephric development [1] "The caudal cardinal veins (CCVs) were the only contributors to the inferior caval (IVC) and azygos veins. Development was comparable if temporary vessels that drain the large porcine mesonephros were taken into account. The topography of the CCVs changed concomitant with expansion of adjacent organs (lungs, meso- and metanephroi). The iliac veins arose by gradual extension of the CCVs into the caudal body region. Irrespective of the degree of mesonephric development, the infrarenal part of the IVC developed from the right CCV and the renal part from vascular sprouts of the CCVs in the mesonephros that formed 'subcardinal' veins. The azygos venous system developed from the cranial remnants of the CCVs."
More recent papers  
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  • Therefore the list of references do not reflect any editorial selection of material based on content or relevance.
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References listed on the rest of the content page and the associated discussion page (listed under the publication year sub-headings) do include some editorial selection based upon both relevance and availability.

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Search term: Circulation Embryology

Melissa M Chen, Stephen R Chen, Pedro Diaz-Marchan, Donald Schomer, Vinodh A Kumar Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Strokes Based on Variant Vascular Anatomy of the Posterior Circulation: Clinical Deficits and Imaging Territories. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis: 2017; PubMed 29150242

Tereza Kubíková, Petra Kochová, Petr Tomášek, Kirsti Witter, Zbyněk Tonar Numerical and length densities of microvessels in the human brain: Correlation with preferential orientation of microvessels in the cerebral cortex, subcortical grey matter and white matter, pons and cerebellum. J. Chem. Neuroanat.: 2017; PubMed 29113946

Bianca Aurora Szabo, Raluca Pascalau, Vlad Adrian Padurean Morphometric study of the human brainstem and its neurovascular relations. Turk Neurosurg: 2017; PubMed 29091253

Amer Heider Fetal Vascular Malperfusion. Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.: 2017, 141(11);1484-1489 PubMed 29072954

Ljiljana Vasović, Milena Trandafilović, Slobodan Vlajković, Goran Radenković Congenital absence of the bilateral internal carotid artery: a review of the associated (ab)normalities from a newborn status to the eighth decade of life. Childs Nerv Syst: 2017; PubMed 29063266

Arteries

Stage 19

Keibel Mall 2 447.jpg Reconstruction of Carnegie Embryo No. 390 arterial system.

Renal Arteries

  • Arise with ascent and inferior branches lost
  • Sequential, 25% population have 2 or more renal arteries
  • branch of abdominal aorta, divides into 4-5 branches
    • each gives off small branches to suprarenal glands, ureter, surrounding cellular tissue and muscles

Note: Frequently a second renal artery (inferior renal) from abdominal aorta at a lower level, supplies lower portion of kidney

See the review describing the variations in adult renal artery and vein organization.[2] of renal vascular anomalies shown in adults using computed tomography. The images below are from that review.


Links: Renal Vascular Anomalies | Renal

Coronary Arteries

Coronary Arteries Timeline

Based upon Carnegie Collection coronary vasculature in 351 staged and serially sectioned human embryos (Carnegie stages 9 to 23). [3]

Mouse Coronary Vessels

Mouse-coronary vessel formation.jpg

Image showing changes in venous (blue) and arterial (red) marker expression during coronary development; black indicates dedifferentiated venous cells.[4]

Links: Coronary Circulation Development


Veins

Azygos Vein

A recent study, using several species including human, has shown that the caudal cardinal veins are the only contributors to the inferior caval (IVC) and azygos veins.[1]

Azygos Timeline[5]

  • Carnegie stage 11 to Carnegie stage 15 - caudal cardinal veins extended caudally from the common cardinal vein.
  • Carnegie stage 15 to Carnegie stage 18 - caudal cardinal veins sprout ventrally form the sub cardinal vein plexus .
  • then caudal part of the left caudal cardinal vein regresses.
  • Inferior vena cava - infrarenal part from the right caudal cardinal vein; renal part from subcardinal veins.
  • Azygos veins - from the remaining cranial part or sprouting of the caudal cardinal veins.

Renal Veins

See the review describing the variations in adult renal artery and vein organization.[6] of renal vascular anomalies shown in adults using computed tomography. The images below are from that review.

Links: Renal Vascular Anomalies | Renal

Abnormalities

  • internal carotid artery segmental agenesis - asymptomatic and harmless[7]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Jill P J M Hikspoors, Hayelom K Mekonen, Greet M C Mommen, Pieter Cornillie, S Eleonore Köhler, Wouter H Lamers Infrahepatic inferior caval and azygos vein formation in mammals with different degrees of mesonephric development. J. Anat.: 2015; PubMed 26659476
  2. Sheo Kumar, Zafar Neyaz, Archna Gupta The utility of 64 channel multidetector CT angiography for evaluating the renal vascular anatomy and possible variations: a pictorial essay. Korean J Radiol: 2009, 11(3);346-54 PubMed 20461189 | PMC2864862 | Korean J Radiol
  3. G M Hutchins, A Kessler-Hanna, G W Moore Development of the coronary arteries in the embryonic human heart. Circulation: 1988, 77(6);1250-7 PubMed 3286038
  4. Kristy Red-Horse, Hiroo Ueno, Irving L Weissman, Mark A Krasnow Coronary arteries form by developmental reprogramming of venous cells. Nature: 2010, 464(7288);549-53 PubMed 20336138
  5. Jill P J M Hikspoors, Jelly H M Soffers, Hayelom K Mekonen, Pieter Cornillie, S Eleonore Köhler, Wouter H Lamers Development of the human infrahepatic inferior caval and azygos venous systems. J. Anat.: 2014; PubMed 25496171
  6. Sheo Kumar, Zafar Neyaz, Archna Gupta The utility of 64 channel multidetector CT angiography for evaluating the renal vascular anatomy and possible variations: a pictorial essay. Korean J Radiol: 2009, 11(3);346-54 PubMed 20461189 | PMC2864862 | Korean J Radiol
  7. Andrea M Alexandre, Emiliano Visconti, Chiara Schiarelli, Paolo Frassanito, Alessandro Pedicelli Bilateral internal carotid artery segmental agenesis: embryology, common collateral pathways, clinical presentation and clinical importance of a rare condition. World Neurosurg: 2016; PubMed 27535626

Reviews

Articles

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  • Cardiovascular System Development All (63457) Review (10735) Free Full Text (15717)


Search Pubmed: Coronary Circulation Development

Additional Images

See also Category:Heart ILP and Category:Heart

External Links

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. 2017 Embryology Cardiovascular System - Circulation Development. Retrieved November 24, 2017, from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Cardiovascular_System_-_Circulation_Development

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