Cardiovascular System - Circulation Development

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Introduction

Adult human cardiovascular system
Adult human cardiovascular system

The peripheral circulation, both arterial and venous, are extensively remodelled with embryonic and fetal development. The purpose of this current page is to provide a central resource link to this topic of adult circulatory organization from the embryonic vasculature. Due to the extensive developmental remodelling there are a large number of variations in vascular organization and agenesis.

This general topic is covered in a number of different pages on this site including both coronary circulation and neural circulation.


Circulation Links: Coronary and Neural
Cardiovascular Links: cardiovascular | Heart Tutorial | Lecture - Early Vascular | Lecture - Heart | Movies | 2016 Cardiac Review | heart | coronary circulation | heart valve | heart rate | Circulation | blood | blood vessel | blood vessel histology | heart histology | Lymphatic | ductus venosus | spleen | Stage 22 | cardiovascular abnormalities | OMIM | 2012 ECHO Meeting | Category:Cardiovascular
Historic Embryology - Cardiovascular 
1902 Vena cava inferior | 1905 Brain Blood Vessels | 1909 Cervical Veins | 1909 Dorsal aorta and umbilical veins | 1912 Heart | 1912 Human Heart | 1914 Earliest Blood-Vessels | 1915 Congenital Cardiac Disease | 1915 Dura Venous Sinuses | 1916 Blood cell origin | 1916 Pars Membranacea Septi | 1919 Lower Limb Arteries | 1921 Human Brain Vascular | 1921 Spleen | 1922 Aortic-Arch System | 1922 Pig Forelimb Arteries | 1922 Chicken Pulmonary | 1923 Head Subcutaneous Plexus | 1925 Venous Development | 1927 Stage 11 Heart | 1928 Heart Blood Flow | 1935 Aorta | 1935 Venous valves | 1938 Pars Membranacea Septi | 1938 Foramen Ovale | 1939 Atrio-Ventricular Valves | 1940 Vena cava inferior | 1940 Early Hematopoiesis | 1941 Blood Formation | 1942 Truncus and Conus Partitioning | Ziegler Heart Models | 1951 Heart Movie | 1954 Week 9 Heart | 1957 Cranial venous system | 1959 Brain Arterial Anastomoses | Historic Embryology Papers | 2012 ECHO Meeting | 2016 Cardiac Review | Historic Disclaimer

Some Recent Findings

  • Infrahepatic inferior caval and azygos vein formation in mammals with different degrees of mesonephric development [1] "The caudal cardinal veins (CCVs) were the only contributors to the inferior caval (IVC) and azygos veins. Development was comparable if temporary vessels that drain the large porcine mesonephros were taken into account. The topography of the CCVs changed concomitant with expansion of adjacent organs (lungs, meso- and metanephroi). The iliac veins arose by gradual extension of the CCVs into the caudal body region. Irrespective of the degree of mesonephric development, the infrarenal part of the IVC developed from the right CCV and the renal part from vascular sprouts of the CCVs in the mesonephros that formed 'subcardinal' veins. The azygos venous system developed from the cranial remnants of the CCVs."
More recent papers  
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  • Therefore the list of references do not reflect any editorial selection of material based on content or relevance.
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Search term: Circulation Embryology

Valter Romão De Souza, Victor Moreira Valença de Lemos, Daniell de Siqueira Araújo Lafayette, Roberto Souza de Lemos, Luciana de Barros Correia Fontes, Glaydes Maria Torres de Lima, Cláudia Wanderley de Barros Correia, Ana Lucia Coutinho Domingues, Amanda Queiroz da Mota Silveira Aroucha, Igor Macedo de Oliveira, Gabriel Pinheiro Santos, Ana Maria Vanderlei, Vladmyr Moreira Valença de Lemos, João Vitor Sostenes Peter, Juliana Oliveira Vieira, Aline Rayane Pereira Mariano, Turíbio Anacleto Gomes, Alice Marcelle de Souza Ferraz, José Henrique Sousa do Amaral, Esdras Marques Lins, Marcos André Cavalcanti Bezerra, Paulo Sérgio Ramos de Araújo, Adriana Ferraz de Vasconcelos, Maria da Conceição de Barros Correia, Manuela Freire Hazin Costa The first reported case of factor V Leiden mutation with agenesis of superior vena cava: A case report. Medicine (Baltimore): 2018, 97(22);e10511 PubMed 29851773

Friso M Rijnberg, Mark G Hazekamp, Jolanda J Wentzel, Patrick J H de Koning, Jos J M Westenberg, Monique R M Jongbloed, Nico A Blom, Arno A W Roest Energetics of Blood Flow in Cardiovascular Disease: Concept and Clinical Implications of Adverse Energetics in Patients With a Fontan Circulation. Circulation: 2018, 137(22);2393-2407 PubMed 29844073

Guang-Wen Chen, Hang Li, Hong Pu Isolated interrupted of aortic arch diagnosed using CT angiography: A case report and literature review. Medicine (Baltimore): 2018, 97(21);e10569 PubMed 29794733

Abha Verma, Hima Pendharkar, Chandrajit Prasad Rete mirabile of the ICA: Report of three cases. Interv Neuroradiol: 2018;1591019918772054 PubMed 29792091

Arteries

Stage 19

Keibel Mall 2 447.jpg Reconstruction of Carnegie Embryo No. 390 arterial system.

Renal Arteries

  • Arise with ascent and inferior branches lost
  • Sequential, 25% population have 2 or more renal arteries
  • branch of abdominal aorta, divides into 4-5 branches
    • each gives off small branches to suprarenal glands, ureter, surrounding cellular tissue and muscles

Note: Frequently a second renal artery (inferior renal) from abdominal aorta at a lower level, supplies lower portion of kidney

See the review describing the variations in adult renal artery and vein organization.[2] of renal vascular anomalies shown in adults using computed tomography. The images below are from that review.


Links: Renal Vascular Anomalies | Renal

Coronary Arteries

Coronary Arteries Timeline

Based upon Carnegie Collection coronary vasculature in 351 staged and serially sectioned human embryos (Carnegie stages 9 to 23). [3]

Mouse Coronary Vessels

Mouse-coronary vessel formation.jpg

Image showing changes in venous (blue) and arterial (red) marker expression during coronary development; black indicates dedifferentiated venous cells.[4]

Links: Coronary Circulation Development


Veins

Azygos Vein

A recent study, using several species including human, has shown that the caudal cardinal veins are the only contributors to the inferior caval (IVC) and azygos veins.[1]

Azygos Timeline[5]

  • Carnegie stage 11 to Carnegie stage 15 - caudal cardinal veins extended caudally from the common cardinal vein.
  • Carnegie stage 15 to Carnegie stage 18 - caudal cardinal veins sprout ventrally form the sub cardinal vein plexus .
  • then caudal part of the left caudal cardinal vein regresses.
  • Inferior vena cava - infrarenal part from the right caudal cardinal vein; renal part from subcardinal veins.
  • Azygos veins - from the remaining cranial part or sprouting of the caudal cardinal veins.

Renal Veins

See the review describing the variations in adult renal artery and vein organization.[6] of renal vascular anomalies shown in adults using computed tomography. The images below are from that review.

Links: Renal Vascular Anomalies | Renal

Abnormalities

  • internal carotid artery segmental agenesis - asymptomatic and harmless[7]


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Jill P J M Hikspoors, Hayelom K Mekonen, Greet M C Mommen, Pieter Cornillie, S Eleonore Köhler, Wouter H Lamers Infrahepatic inferior caval and azygos vein formation in mammals with different degrees of mesonephric development. J. Anat.: 2015; PubMed 26659476
  2. Sheo Kumar, Zafar Neyaz, Archna Gupta The utility of 64 channel multidetector CT angiography for evaluating the renal vascular anatomy and possible variations: a pictorial essay. Korean J Radiol: 2009, 11(3);346-54 PubMed 20461189 | PMC2864862 | Korean J Radiol
  3. G M Hutchins, A Kessler-Hanna, G W Moore Development of the coronary arteries in the embryonic human heart. Circulation: 1988, 77(6);1250-7 PubMed 3286038
  4. Kristy Red-Horse, Hiroo Ueno, Irving L Weissman, Mark A Krasnow Coronary arteries form by developmental reprogramming of venous cells. Nature: 2010, 464(7288);549-53 PubMed 20336138
  5. Jill P J M Hikspoors, Jelly H M Soffers, Hayelom K Mekonen, Pieter Cornillie, S Eleonore Köhler, Wouter H Lamers Development of the human infrahepatic inferior caval and azygos venous systems. J. Anat.: 2014; PubMed 25496171
  6. Sheo Kumar, Zafar Neyaz, Archna Gupta The utility of 64 channel multidetector CT angiography for evaluating the renal vascular anatomy and possible variations: a pictorial essay. Korean J Radiol: 2009, 11(3);346-54 PubMed 20461189 | PMC2864862 | Korean J Radiol
  7. Andrea M Alexandre, Emiliano Visconti, Chiara Schiarelli, Paolo Frassanito, Alessandro Pedicelli Bilateral internal carotid artery segmental agenesis: embryology, common collateral pathways, clinical presentation and clinical importance of a rare condition. World Neurosurg: 2016; PubMed 27535626

Reviews

Articles

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  • Cardiovascular System Development All (63457) Review (10735) Free Full Text (15717)


Search Pubmed: Coronary Circulation Development

Additional Images

See also Category:Heart ILP and Category:Heart

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2018, July 15) Embryology Cardiovascular System - Circulation Development. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Cardiovascular_System_-_Circulation_Development

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