History - Embryologists
|Embryology - 26 Sep 2017 Expand to Translate|
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- 1 Introduction
- 2 Reinier de Graaf (1641 - 1673)
- 3 Caspar Friedrich Wolff (1733 - 1794)
- 4 Karl von Baer (1792-1876)
- 5 Martin Heinrich Rathke (1793 - 1860)
- 6 Jones Quain (1796 - 1865)
- 7 Johannes Peter Müller (1801 - 1858)
- 8 Julius Kollmann (1834 - 1918)
- 9 Robert Remak (1815 - 1865)
- 10 Wilhelm Roux (1850 – 1924)
- 11 Wilhelm His (1831 - 1904)
- 12 Ambrosius Hubrecht (1853 – 1915)
- 13 Charles Sedgwick Minot (1852–1914)]
- 14 Oskar Hertwig (1849 – 1922)
- 15 Franz Keibel (1861 - 1929)
- 16 Franklin P. Mall (1862 - 1917)
- 17 Florence Sabin (1871 - 1953)
- 18 George L. Streeter (1873 – 1948)
- 19 Santiago Ramón y Cahal (1852 - 1934)
- 20 Hans Spemann (1869 - 1941)
- 21 Viktor Hamburger (1900 - 2001)
- 22 Mary Lyon (1925 - 2014)
- 23 Shinya Yamanaka (1962 - )
- 24 References
- 25 Glossary Links
See also Meyer's 1932 series of essays on this topic.
Meyer AW. 1932 - Essays on the History of Embryology: Part I | Part II | Part III | Part IV | Part V | Part VI | Part VII | Part VIII | Part IX | Part X | Part XI | Arthur Meyer | Historic Embryology Papers
For information related to early embryologists in the United States see the book The Emergence of Experimental Embryology in the United States by S. Robert Hilfer, Ph.D. 1990.
Reinier de Graaf (1641 - 1673)
Caspar Friedrich Wolff (1733 - 1794)
- Links: Renal System Development | Genital System Development | Theoria generationis | Germ Layer Theory
Karl von Baer (1792-1876)
| Professor at the University of Königsberg published Über Entwickelungsgeschichte der Thiere (On the Developmental History of Animals) 1828.
From Thomas Henry Huxley translation in Scientific Memoirs:
Martin Heinrich Rathke (1793 - 1860)
|Rathke was a German embryologist and anatomist best known today for identifying "Rathke's pouch" (1839), a transient folding surface ectoderm from roof of the oral cavity that will form the anterior pituitary (hypophysis). in later development the connection with the oral cavity is lost. Rathke studied medicine at the University of Göttingen and later in Berlin, where he received his doctorate in medicine (1818).||
Jones Quain (1796 - 1865)
Jones Quain (1796 – 1865) was an Irish anatomist and professor of Anatomy and Physiology at the University of London. His textbook "Elements of Anatomy" was first published in 1828.
- 1878 Elements of Anatomy: The Ovum | The Blastoderm | Fetal Membranes | Placenta | Musculoskeletal | Neural | Gastrointesinal | Respiratory | Cardiovascular | Urogenital
Johannes Peter Müller (1801 - 1858)
| The German medical scientist Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858) made important contributions to several branches of medicine, including anatomy, physiology, embryology, and pathology. He was the first to describe the duct that contributes the female internal genital tract and named after him, the "Müllerian duct". The historic terminology is still used, though the current descriptive terminology is the "paramesonephric duct".
Note the other paired male genital ducts historically called Wolffian ducts named after Caspar Friedrich Wolff (1735 – 1794) a German embryologist, the current descriptive terminology is the "mesonephric duct".
Johannes Peter Müller
Julius Kollmann (1834 - 1918)
Robert Remak (1815 - 1865)
Wilhelm Roux (1850 – 1924)
| Roux was a German zoologist and pioneer of experimental embryology. Described "Entwicklungsmechanik" (mechanisms) a physiological approach to embryology. One experiment used a heated needle to kill at the frog 2 cell stage one of the blastomeres. Doctoral thesis - On the bifurcation of blood vessels. A morphological study.
Wilhelm His (1831 - 1904)
| His was a noted Swiss anatomist and embryologist educated in Basel and Bern, in Berlin. His teachers in Würzburg were Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858) and Robert Remak (1815-1865) and in Prague and Vienna with Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902). All three of these researchers were major 19th century embryologists.
Wilhelm His was a Swiss anatomist and embryologist.
Ambrosius Hubrecht (1853 – 1915)
Charles Sedgwick Minot (1852–1914)]
| Charles Sedgwick Minot (1852–1914) was an American anatomist and embryologist. In 1883 he was appointed instructor in histology and embryology in the Harvard Medical School. His embryological collection, The Harvard Embryological Collection (the Minot Collection) now forms part of the Carnegie collection.
Charles Sedgwick Minot (1852–1914)
Oskar Hertwig (1849 – 1922)
| Hertwig was a German embryologist, Professor extraordinarius of Anatomy and Comparative Anatomy, Director of the II. Anatomical Institute of the University of Berlin.
Franz Keibel (1861 - 1929)
| Franz Keibel (1861 - 1929) was a German anatomist and embryologist. Beginning in 1897 he was the editor of the series "vertebrate embryological standard panels" (Normentafeln zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Wirbeltiere), published in German, each volume covered a specific vertebrate species. This included human embryos (Homo sapiens). These standard tables form the basis of the modern embryological staging systems.
Franklin P. Mall (1862 - 1917)
| Mall is most remembered for his work done at the Department of Embryology at the Carnegie Institute of Washington. He began collecting human embryos while a postgraduate student in Lepzig with Wilhelm His, but didn't receive the first Carnegie specimen until his position at Johns Hopkins University.
Florence Sabin (1871 - 1953)
| Sabin generated a three-dimensional model of a newborn human brainstem, An Atlas of the Medulla and Midbrain (1901) and published on the embryological development of the lymphatic system while at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine under Franklin Mall.
Florence Rena Sabin
George L. Streeter (1873 – 1948)
| Streeter was an American embryologist, holding many key positions during embryology discoveries in the early period of last century, and also associated with the establishment of the Carnegie Institution.
Santiago Ramón y Cahal (1852 - 1934)
| Cahal was a Spanish pathologist and histologist and one of the early neuroscientists. He received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
From the 1990 Science book review.
Ramon y Cahal
Hans Spemann (1869 - 1941)
Viktor Hamburger (1900 - 2001)
| Founding researcher in the field of developmental neuroscience, establishing the role of neurotrophic factors for neuronal survival during development.
Mary Lyon (1925 - 2014)
| Mary Lyon was a UK geneticist who proposed in 1961 the theory of X chromosome inactivation, where one of the two X chromosomes in the cells of female mammals is randomly inactivated during early development. In deference to her, this process is also referred to as "Lyonisation". She also worked on other X-linkedgenetic diseases, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy and haemophilia.
Shinya Yamanaka (1962 - )
- Huxley TH. (1853). Scientific memoirs, selected from the transactions of foreign academies of science, and from foreign journals. (1853). Natural history. Henfrey, Arthur, ed. London (UK): Taylor and Francis. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.28029.
- K Livingston Recollections of My Life. Santiago Ramon Y Cajal. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1989. xxvi, 638 pp., illus. Paper, $16.95. Translated from the third Spanish edition (1923). Reprint, 1937 edition; The Never-Ceasing Search. Francis O. Schmitt. American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, 1990. xvi, 399 pp., illus. $30. Memoirs of the American Philosophical Society, vol. 188; Song Among the Ruins. William J. Schull. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1990. x, 305 pp. + plates. $25; Science, Churchill, and Me. Hermann Bondi. Pergamon, New York, 1990. x, 142 pp. + plates. $30; A Very Decided Preference. Life with Peter Medawar. Jean Medawar. Norton, New York, 1990. 256 pp., illus. $19.95; Landau. The Physicist and the Man. I. M. Khalatnikov, Ed. Pergamon, New York, 1989. viii, 323 pp., illus. $100. Translated from the Russian by J. B. Sykes; Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. A. Jayaraman. Allied East-West Press, New Delhi, 1989 (available from the author, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ 07974). xiv, 214 pp. + plates. $10; paper, $8. Science: 1990, 249(4968);571-2 PubMed 17735292 | Book Review
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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. 2017 Embryology History - Embryologists. Retrieved September 26, 2017, from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/History_-_Embryologists
- © Dr Mark Hill 2017, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G