Abnormal Development - Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus
|Embryology - 27 May 2016 Translate|
Arabic | Chinese (simplified) | French | German | Hebrew | Hindi | Indonesian | Italian | Japanese | Korean | Portuguese | Romanian | Russian | Spanish | Yiddish
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) is carried by wild mice (Mus musculus). Laboratory rodents and pet rodents, such as rats, mice, hamsters and guinea pigs, can become infected with LCMV from contact with wild mice. This can happen in a breeding facility, in a laboratory facility, in a pet store, or in the home if wild mice are present. Humans can be infected through exposure to rodent excreta. In the rat animal model, the virus appears to selectively infect mitotically active neuronal precursors, while glial cells may also have a role in the initial entry, replication, and dispersion.
Maternal infection can be transferred placental to fetus and can result in either loss or birth defects (hydrocephalus, chorioretinitis or deafness). Since LCMV infection was first identified, more than 50 babies have been reported with LCMV infection worldwide.
- Viral Links: TORCH Infections | Cytomegalovirus | Hepatitis Virus | HIV | Parvovirus | Polio Virus | Rubella Virus | Chickenpox | Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus | Zika Virus | Vaccination | Environmental
Some Recent Findings
Lineage: Viruses; ssRNA negative-strand viruses; Arenaviridae; Arenavirus; Old world arenaviruses; Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
- Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (strain Armstrong)
- Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (strain Pasteur)
- Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (strain Traub)
- Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (strain WE)
- Links: Genome
Diagnosis of congenital LCMV infection can be confirmed in infants by immunofluorescence antibody (IFA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) or quantitative polymerase chain reaction (QPCR, or real time PCR (rtPCR)).
- Daniel J Bonthius, Stanley Perlman Congenital viral infections of the brain: lessons learned from lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in the neonatal rat. PLoS Pathog.: 2007, 3(11);e149 PubMed 18052527 | PLoS Pathog.
- J F Meritet, A Krivine, F Lewin, M H Poissonnier, R Poizat, P Loget, F Rozenberg, P Lebon A case of congenital lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection revealed by hydrops fetalis. Prenat. Diagn.: 2009, 29(6);626-7 PubMed 19253314
- V J Lewis, P D Walter, W L Thacker, W G Winkler Comparison of three tests for the serological diagnosis of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection. J. Clin. Microbiol.: 1975, 2(3);193-7 PubMed 1100673
- Megan M McCausland, Shane Crotty Quantitative PCR technique for detecting lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in vivo. J. Virol. Methods: 2008, 147(1);167-76 PubMed 17920702
- Medical Microbiology. 4th edition. Baron S, editor. Galveston (TX): University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston; 1996. Search Medical Microbiology Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
- Molecular Biology of the Cell. 4th edition. Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, et al. New York: Garland Science; 2002. Viruses Exploit Host Cell Machinery for All Aspects of Their Multiplication
- Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. 2nd edition. Jamison DT, Breman JG, Measham AR, et al., editors. Washington (DC): World Bank; 2006. Chapter 20Vaccine-preventable Diseases
Denise J Jamieson, Athena P Kourtis, Michael Bell, Sonja A Rasmussen Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: an emerging obstetric pathogen? Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.: 2006, 194(6);1532-6 PubMed 16731068
R Wright, D Johnson, M Neumann, T G Ksiazek, P Rollin, R V Keech, D J Bonthius, P Hitchon, C F Grose, W E Bell, J F Bale Congenital lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus syndrome: a disease that mimics congenital toxoplasmosis or Cytomegalovirus infection. Pediatrics: 1997, 100(1);E9 PubMed 9200383
Megan M McCausland, Shane Crotty Quantitative PCR technique for detecting lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus in vivo. J. Virol. Methods: 2008, 147(1);167-76 PubMed 17920702
Maya F Kotturi, Bjoern Peters, Fernando Buendia-Laysa, John Sidney, Carla Oseroff, Jason Botten, Howard Grey, Michael J Buchmeier, Alessandro Sette The CD8+ T-cell response to lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus involves the L antigen: uncovering new tricks for an old virus. J. Virol.: 2007, 81(10);4928-40 PubMed 17329346
Leslie L Barton, Marilyn B Mets, Cynthia L Beauchamp Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: emerging fetal teratogen. Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.: 2002, 187(6);1715-6 PubMed 12501090
L L Barton, M B Mets Congenital lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus infection: decade of rediscovery. Clin. Infect. Dis.: 2001, 33(3);370-4 PubMed 11438904
L L Barton, C J Peters, T G Ksiazek Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus: an unrecognized teratogenic pathogen. Emerging Infect. Dis.: 1995, 1(4);152-3 PubMed 8903188
Search Pubmed: Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus
- Environmental Links: Introduction | Low Folic Acid | Iodine Deficiency | Nutrition | Drugs | Australian Drug Categories | USA Drug Categories | Thalidomide | Herbal Drugs | Illegal Drugs | Smoking | Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | TORCH Infections | Viral Infection | Bacterial Infection | Zoonotic Infection | Toxoplasmosis | Malaria | Maternal Diabetes | Maternal Hyperthermia | Maternal Inflammation | Maternal Obesity | Hypoxia | Biological Toxins | Chemicals | Heavy Metals | Radiation | Prenatal Diagnosis | Neonatal Diagnosis | International Classification of Diseases | Fetal Origins Hypothesis
External Links Notice - The dynamic nature of the internet may mean that some of these listed links may no longer function. If the link no longer works search the web with the link text or name.
- A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols
Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2016) Embryology Abnormal Development - Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis Virus. Retrieved May 27, 2016, from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Abnormal_Development_-_Lymphocytic_Choriomeningitis_Virus
- © Dr Mark Hill 2016, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G