Abnormal Development - Zoonotic Infection
|Embryology - 22 Mar 2019 Expand to Translate|
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A zoonotic infection (zoonosis) is an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans. This can be through contact with animals (pets, farm animals, wildlife) or their products (milk, meat, waste).
Some Recent Findings
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This table allows an automated computer search of the external PubMed database using the listed "Search term" text link.
<pubmed limit=5>Zoonotic Infection</pubmed>
Search term: Zoonotic Teratogen
<pubmed limit=5>Zoonotic Teratogen</pubmed>
Potential Zoonotic Infections
West Nile Virus
West Nile virus (WNV) activity reported to ArboNET, by state, United States, 2012 (as of September 11, 2012)
- Since 1999, more than 30,000 people in the United States have been reported as getting sick with West Nile virus. Infected mosquitoes spread West Nile virus (WNV) that can cause serious, life altering disease.
- As of September 11, 2012, 48 states have reported West Nile virus infections in people, birds, or mosquitoes. A total of 2,636 cases of West Nile virus disease in people, including 118 deaths, have been reported to CDC. Of these, 1,405 (53%) were classified as neuroinvasive disease (such as meningitis or encephalitis) and 1,231 (47%) were classified as non-neuroinvasive disease.
- Neuroinvasive disease cases - refers to severe cases of disease that affect a person’s nervous system, including encephalitis (inflammation of the brain), meningitis (inflammation of the membrane around the brain) and the spinal cord and acute flaccid paralysis (inflammation of the spinal cord) that can cause a sudden onset of weakness in the limbs and/or breathing muscles.
- Nonneuroinvasive disease cases - refers to typically less severe cases showing no evidence of neuroinvasion, primarily West Nile fever that is a notifiable disease.
Hepatozoon is a protozoa with over 300 species acting as obligate intraerythrocytic parasites that infect birds, reptiles, amphibians and mammals, in all continents with tropical and subtropical climates. The dog Hepatozoon canis was first described in the early 1900s.
- Links: Dog Abnormalities
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID), Division of Vector-Borne Diseases (DVBD)West Nile information page viewed 11 September, 2012.
- <pubmed>21961746</pubmed>| Rev Bras Parasitol Vet.
- The Emergence of Zoonotic Diseases: Understanding the Impact on Animal and Human Health: Workshop Summary. Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Emerging Infections; Burroughs T, Knobler S, Lederberg J, editors. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); 2002.
- Bioinformatics in Tropical Disease Research: A Practical and Case-Study Approach Gruber, Arthur; Durham, Alan M.; Huynh, Chuong; del Portillo, Hernando A., editors Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US), NCBI; 2008
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- UK Health Protection Report Zoonoses
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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, March 22) Embryology Abnormal Development - Zoonotic Infection. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Abnormal_Development_-_Zoonotic_Infection
- © Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G