|Embryology - 22 Jul 2017 Expand to Translate|
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- 1 Introduction
- 2 Some Recent Findings
- 3 Birth
- 4 Nutrition
- 5 General Statistics
- 6 Abnormalities
- 7 Historic Embryology
- 8 References
- 9 External Links
- 10 Glossary Links
This page links to the current online resources available to explore Chinese population, birth data and embryology related topics.
|Statistics Links: Introduction | Reports | World Population | World Fertility | World Infant Mortality | Maternal Mortality | Australia | Brazil | Canada | China | Germany | India | Indonesia | Europe | Myanmar | Netherlands | Spain | United Kingdom | Romania | Uganda | United States | Australia’s mothers and babies - 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | Abnormal Development - Australian Statistics | BGD Tutorial - Applied Embryology and Teratology | AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit | Category:Statistics|
Some Recent Findings
- At the end of 2009, the total number of Chinese population reached 1,334.74 million, an increase of 6.72 million over that at the end of 2008. The year 2009 saw 16.15 million births, a crude birth rate of 12.13 per thousand, and 9.43 million deaths, or a crude death rate of 7.08 per thousand. The natural growth rate was 5.05 per thousand. The sex ratio at birth was 119.45.
- At the end of 2008, the total number of Chinese population reached 1,328.02 million, an increase of 6.73 million over that at the end of 2007. The year 2008 saw 16.08 million births, a crude birth rate of 12.14 per thousand, and 9.35 million deaths, or a crude death rate of 7.06 per thousand. The natural growth rate was 5.08 per thousand. The sex ratio at birth was 120.56.
- At the end of 2007, the total number of Chinese population reached 1,321.29 million, an increase of 6.81 million over that at the end of 2006. The year 2007 saw 15.94 million births, a crude birth rate of 12.10 per thousand, and 9.13 million deaths, or a crude death rate of 6.93 per thousand. The natural growth rate was 5.17 per thousand. the sex ratio at birth was 120.22.
|More recent papers|
This table shows an automated computer PubMed search using the listed sub-heading term.
References listed on the rest of the content page and the associated discussion page (listed under the publication year sub-headings) do include some editorial selection based upon both relevance and availability.
M An, X-B Song, X-Y Chen Vitamin D receptor BsmI polymorphism may be associated with an decreased osteoporosis risk in South China. Cell. Mol. Biol. (Noisy-le-grand): 2017, 63(5);50-54 PubMed 28719357
Fan Pan, Wende Yang, Wei Li, Xiao-Yan Yang, Shuhao Liu, Xin Li, Xiaoxu Zhao, Hui Ding, Li Qin, Yunlong Pan Conjugation of gold nanoparticles and recombinant human endostatin modulates vascular normalization via interruption of anterior gradient 2-mediated angiogenesis. Tumour Biol.: 2017, 39(7);1010428317708547 PubMed 28714365
Ai-Xiu Gong, Jing-Han Zhang, Jing Li, Jun Wu, Lin Wang, Deng-Shun Miao Comparison of gene expression profiles between dental pulp and periodontal ligament tissues in humans. Int. J. Mol. Med.: 2017; PubMed 28713908
Go Shioi, Hideharu Hoshino, Takaya Abe, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Kazuki Nakao, Wenxiang Meng, Yasuhide Furuta, Toshihiko Fujimori, Shinichi Aizawa Apical constriction in distal visceral endoderm cells initiates global, collective cell rearrangement in embryonic visceral endoderm to form anterior visceral endoderm. Dev. Biol.: 2017; PubMed 28712875
Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaoyun Jia, Qiyi Wang, Ming Ye, Yang Lu, Jiajia Zhang, Sheng Chen, Yanglei Li, Junying Wu, Changhao Xie [Protection of Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor Y-27632 in MRL/lpr mice]. Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi: 2017, 33(7);875-880 PubMed 28712392
- 3% of infants with low birthweight, 2005-2009
- 96% of households consuming iodized salt, 2003-2009
- Unknown Vitamin A supplementation coverage rate (6-59 months) 2009
- Data: UNICEF
Population 1,336,718,015 (July 2011 est.) country comparison to the world: 1
- 0-14 years: 17.6% (male 126,634,384/female 108,463,142)
- 15-64 years: 73.6% (male 505,326,577/female 477,953,883)
- 65 years and over: 8.9% (male 56,823,028/female 61,517,001) (2011 est.)
- total: 35.5 years
- male: 34.9 years
- female: 36.2 years (2011 est.)
Population growth rate
- 0.493% (2011 est.)
- country comparison to the world: 152
- 12.29 births/1,000 population (2011 est.)
- country comparison to the world: 160
- 7.03 deaths/1,000 population (July 2011 est.)
- country comparison to the world: 132
- at birth: 1.133 male(s)/female
- under 15 years: 1.17 male(s)/female
- 15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
- 65 years and over: 0.93 male(s)/female
- total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Infant mortality rate
- total: 16.06 deaths/1,000 live births
- country comparison to the world: 112
- male: 15.61 deaths/1,000 live births
- female: 16.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
- total population: 74.68 years
- country comparison to the world: 95
- male: 72.68 years
- female: 76.94 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate
- 1.54 children born/woman (2011 est.)
- country comparison to the world: 182
- 0.1% (2009 est.)
- country comparison to the world: 122
Major infectious diseases
- degree of risk: intermediate
- food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
- vectorborne diseases: Japanese encephalitis and dengue fever
- soil contact disease: hantaviral hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS)
- animal contact disease: rabies
- highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country
- Data: The World Factbook China
Maternal and congenital syphilis
The following information is from a recent study of maternal and congenital syphilis in Shanghai, China, 2002 to 2006. That has identified a resurgence of congenital syphilis, especially in the migrating population and other populations with a lower socioeconomic status.
- A total of 535,537 pregnant women were included in the analysis.
- 1471 maternal syphilis cases (298.7 per 100 000 live births) identified.
- 334 congenital syphilis cases (62.4 per 100,000 live births) identified.
- Both maternal and congenital syphilis rates increased from 2002 until 2005, with a slight decrease in 2006.
- The rate of maternal syphilis was:
- 156.2 per 100,000 live births in Shanghai residents.
- 371.7 per 100,000 live births in the migrating population (p<0.001).
- The compliance to treatment for maternal syphilis was poorer in women with a lower level of education.
- The rate of congenital syphilis in infants born to mothers with incomplete treatment (50.8%) was much higher than in infants born to mothers with complete treatment (12.5%).
- complete treatment group - rates of fetal death (5.5%), neonatal death (0.56%), and major birth defects (0.46%)
- incomplete treatment group - rates of fetal death (30.4%), neonatal death (11.0%), and major birth defects (3.8%)
- Infant outcome affected by initial maternal RPR antibody level and time of treatment
- much better outcomes in mothers with low antibody levels and earlier treatment.
(童第周) Ti Chou Tung (1902 － 1979)
- "Tong learned from famous European embryologists when studying in Belgium, published several papers after careful observation and researches, which exerted great effects on the biological field of Europe at that time. He made systematic studies of sea squirts and amphibiology, especially the growth of fish ovum. He put forth the idiographic idea that fish ovum does not have the equal growth ability in the budding period. He also made breakthroughs in the biological study and researches, found new ways to control fish's hereditary variation." (Ministry of Culture, P.R.China)
- Weiping Yuan, Douglas Sipp, Zack Z Wang, Hongkui Deng, Duanqing Pei, Qi Zhou, Tao Cheng Stem cell science on the rise in China. Cell Stem Cell: 2012, 10(1);12-5 PubMed 22226351
- Mikkel Zahle Oestergaard, Mie Inoue, Sachiyo Yoshida, Wahyu Retno Mahanani, Fiona M Gore, Simon Cousens, Joy E Lawn, Colin Douglas Mathers, United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation and the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group Neonatal mortality levels for 193 countries in 2009 with trends since 1990: a systematic analysis of progress, projections, and priorities. PLoS Med.: 2011, 8(8);e1001080 PubMed 21918640 | PLoS Med.
- National Bureau of Statistics of China (2010) Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2009 National Economic and Social Development
- National Bureau of Statistics of China (2009) Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2008 National Economic and Social Development
- National Bureau of Statistics of China (2008) Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2007 National Economic and Social Development
- Liping Zhu, Min Qin, Li Du, Ri-hua Xie, Tom Wong, Shi Wu Wen Maternal and congenital syphilis in Shanghai, China, 2002 to 2006. Int. J. Infect. Dis.: 2010, 14 Suppl 3;e45-8 PubMed 20137991
External Links Notice - The dynamic nature of the internet may mean that some of these listed links may no longer function. If the link no longer works search the web with the link text or name. Links to any external commercial sites are provided for information purposes only and should never be considered an endorsement. UNSW Embryology is provided as an educational resource with no clinical information or commercial affiliation.
- Chinese Government National Bureau of Statistics of China | Statistical Communiqué of the People's Republic of China on the 2009 National Economic and Social Development (2010)
- UNICEF China Statistics
- The World Factbook China
- Tong Dizhou - Open Library - Tong Dizhou (Published 1989 by Xin hua shu dian Beijing fa xing suo fa xing, Written in Mandarin)
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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. 2017 Embryology China Statistics. Retrieved July 22, 2017, from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/China_Statistics
- © Dr Mark Hill 2017, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G