|Embryology - 22 Apr 2018 Expand to Translate|
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The middle layer of the early trilaminar embryo germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm and endoderm) formed by gastrulation. The segmentation of the initial mesoderm into somites, and their regular addition, is often used to stage embryonic development (23 somite embryo).
This middle germ layer forms connective tissues and muscle throughout the body, with the exception of in the head region where some of these structures have a neural crest (ectoderm) origin.
- connective tissues - cartilage, bone, blood, blood vessel endothelium, dermis, etc.
- muscle - cardiac, skeletal, smooth.
Students often mix-up the terms mesoderm (middle layer) with mesenchyme (embryonic connective tissue). It is true that mesoderm initially does have a mesenchymal cellular organisation, but can also form a range of epithelial structures (surrounding somites, mesothelium lining of body cavities).
|Mesoderm Links: Endoderm | Mesoderm | Ectoderm | Lecture - Mesoderm | Lecture - Musculoskeletal | 2016 Lecture | Notochord | Notochord Movie | Somitogenesis | Musculoskeletal | Sonic hedgehog | Category:Mesoderm|
Some Recent Findings
|More recent papers|
This table shows an automated computer PubMed search using the listed sub-heading term.
References listed on the rest of the content page and the associated discussion page (listed under the publication year sub-headings) do include some editorial selection based upon both relevance and availability.
Yu Shi, Jiejing Li, Chunjiang Chen, Yongwu Xia, Yanxi Li, Pan Zhang, Ying Xu, Tingyu Li, Weihui Zhou, Weihong Song Ketamine Modulates Zic5 Expression via the Notch Signaling Pathway in Neural Crest Induction. Front Mol Neurosci: 2018, 11;9 PubMed 29472839
Christa Merzdorf, Jennifer Forecki Amphibian Zic Genes. Adv. Exp. Med. Biol.: 2018, 1046;107-140 PubMed 29442320
Conchi Estarás, Hui-Ting Hsu, Ling Huang, Katherine A Jones YAP repression of the WNT3 gene controls hESC differentiation along the cardiac mesoderm lineage. Genes Dev.: 2017; PubMed 29269485
Arica Beisaw, Pavel Tsaytler, Frederic Koch, Sandra U Schmitz, Maria-Theodora Melissari, Anna D Senft, Lars Wittler, Tracie Pennimpede, Karol Macura, Bernhard G Herrmann, Phillip Grote BRACHYURY directs histone acetylation to target loci during mesoderm development. EMBO Rep.: 2017; PubMed 29141987
Carolina Blugüermann, Leonardo Romorini, Denis Evseenko, Ximena Garate, Gabriel Neiman, Gustavo Emilio Sevlever, María Elida Scassa, Santiago Gabriel Miriuka Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Increases Survival of Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Cardiomyocytes. J Cardiovasc Transl Res: 2017; PubMed 29019149
Mesoderm Formation during Gastrulation
- Links: Gastrulation
- Sanders TA, Llagostera E & Barna M. (2013). Specialized filopodia direct long-range transport of SHH during vertebrate tissue patterning. Nature , 497, 628-32. PMID: 23624372 DOI.
- Bazzi H, Soroka E, Alcorn HL & Anderson KV. (2017). STRIP1, a core component of STRIPAK complexes, is essential for normal mesoderm migration in the mouse embryo. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. , 114, E10928-E10936. PMID: 29203676 DOI.
- Koh PW, Sinha R, Barkal AA, Morganti RM, Chen A, Weissman IL, Ang LT, Kundaje A & Loh KM. (2016). An atlas of transcriptional, chromatin accessibility, and surface marker changes in human mesoderm development. Sci Data , 3, 160109. PMID: 27996962 DOI.
- Fleming BM, Yelin R, James RG & Schultheiss TM. (2013). A role for Vg1/Nodal signaling in specification of the intermediate mesoderm. Development , 140, 1819-29. PMID: 23533180 DOI.
- Aulehla A & Pourquié O. (2010). Signaling gradients during paraxial mesoderm development. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Biol , 2, a000869. PMID: 20182616 DOI.
- Shapiro IM & Risbud MV. (2010). Transcriptional profiling of the nucleus pulposus: say yes to notochord. Arthritis Res. Ther. , 12, 117. PMID: 20497604 DOI.
Risbud MV, Schaer TP & Shapiro IM. (2010). Toward an understanding of the role of notochordal cells in the adult intervertebral disc: from discord to accord. Dev. Dyn. , 239, 2141-8. PMID: 20568241 DOI.
Korecki CL, Taboas JM, Tuan RS & Iatridis JC. (2010). Notochordal cell conditioned medium stimulates mesenchymal stem cell differentiation toward a young nucleus pulposus phenotype. Stem Cell Res Ther , 1, 18. PMID: 20565707 DOI.
Trainor PA, Tan SS & Tam PP. (1994). Cranial paraxial mesoderm: regionalisation of cell fate and impact on craniofacial development in mouse embryos. Development , 120, 2397-408. PMID: 7956820
Florian J. (1933). The Early Development of Man, with Special Reference to the Development of the Mesoderm and Cloacal Membrane. J. Anat. , 67, 263-76. PMID: 17104422
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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2018, April 22) Embryology Mesoderm. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Mesoderm
- © Dr Mark Hill 2018, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G