Embryology History - Wilhelm His

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Introduction

Wilhelm His (1831-1904)
Wilhelm His (1831-1904)
Wilhelm His Histology slide (1860)
Histology slide (1860)

This page contains a series of historic drawings of human embryos by Wilhelm His (1831-1904). Many of these drawing have been reproduced in embryology historic textbooks, and even today we can easily superimpose his drawings over photographs of current studies of human and animal embryos.


Wilhelm His was born July 9, 1831 in Basel and died May 1, 1904. He was a noted Swiss anatomist and embryologist educated in Basel and Bern, in Berlin. His teachers in Würzburg were Johannes Peter Müller (1801-1858) and Robert Remak (1815-1865) and in Prague and Vienna with Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902). All three of these researchers were major 19th century embryologists.


He also published in 1895 the Basel Nomina Anatomica (BNA)[1] in an attempt to standardise the existing confusing anatomical terminology (see Historic terminology). This nomenclature system was updated through a number of editions until replaced by the Nomina Anatomica (1956) and subsequently by the Terminologia Anatomica (1998).


Anatomie menschlicher Embryonen (1882)


His Links: Embryologists | Category:Wilhelm His | Embryology History | The Elements of Embryology by Foster, Balfour, Sedgwick and Heape (1883) | Development Of The Brain (1897) | The Early Embryology of the Chick by Patten (1920) | Text-Book of Embryology by Bailey and Miller (1921) | Ziegler Models


Embryologists: William Hunter | Wilhelm Roux | Wilhelm His | Julius Kollmann | Hans Spemann | Charles Minot | Ambrosius Hubrecht | Charles Bardeen | Franz Keibel | Franklin Mall | Florence Sabin | George Streeter | George Corner | James Hill | Jan Florian | Thomas Bryce | Thomas Morgan | Ernest Frazer | Francisco Orts-Llorca | José Doménech Mateu | Frederic Lewis | Arthur Meyer | Erich Blechschmidt | Klaus Hinrichsen | Hideo Nishimura | Arthur Hertig | John Rock | Mary Lyon | Nicole Le Douarin | Robert Winston | Fabiola Müller | Ronan O'Rahilly | Robert Edwards | John Gurdon | Shinya Yamanaka | Embryology History | Category:People
Related Historic Researchers  
Santiago Ramón y Cajal | Camillo Golgi

His Normal Stages

His's Normentafel

Keibel Mall 034a.jpg Keibel Mall 034b.jpg

The embryos of His's Normentafel, from the Normentafel (Normal Table) of Keibel und Elze (Fig. 1, p. 5) X 2.8.

His's numbers are given in parentheses, the individual embryos are lettered, His's numbers being given in parentheses. His estimation designated each embryo, its size, and its age.

Selected References

His W. Anatomie Menschliche Embryonen I - Embryonen des ersten monats (Anatomy of human embryos - Embryos of the first month). (1880) Leipzig.

His W. Anatomie Menschliche Embryonen II - Gestalt und grossentwicklung bis zum schluss des 2 monats (Anatomy of human embryos - Shape and general development to the closing of the 2nd month). (1882) Leipzig.

His W. Address upon the development of the brain. (1897) Trans. Royal Acad. Medicine Ireland.

15 Days Embryo

Gray0058.jpg

Human Embryo (approx 15 Days)

18 to 21 Days Embryo

Gray0040.jpg

Human Embryo (approx 18 to 21 Days)

27 to 30 Days Embryo

Gray0060.jpg

Human Embryo (approx 27 to 30 Days)

31 to 34 Days Embryo

Gray0052.jpg

Human Embryo (approx 31 to 34 Days)

6 Weeks Embryo

Gray0053.jpg

Human Embryo (approx 6 Weeks)

8.5 Weeks Embryo

Gray0063.jpg

Human Embryo (approx 8.5 Weeks)

Human Embryo Normentafel

German, Normentafel = "standard panel" or "normal table".

Respiratory

References

  1. His, W. Die anatomische Nomenclatur. Nomina anatomica, Verzeichniss der von der anatomischen Gesellschaft auf ihrer IX. Versammlung in Basel angenommenen Namen (1895) Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie. Anatomische Abth., Suppl. - Bd., 1895. Internet Archive copy

His W. Address upon the development of the brain. (1897) Trans. Royal Acad. Medicine Ireland.

F Müller, R O'Rahilly [Wilhelm His and 100 years of human embryology]. [Wilhelm His und 100 Jahre Embryologie des Menschen.] Acta Anat (Basel): 1986, 125(2);73-5 PubMed 3513474


Glossary Links

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. 2018 Embryology Embryology History - Wilhelm His. Retrieved January 21, 2018, from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Embryology_History_-_Wilhelm_His

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© Dr Mark Hill 2018, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G