Book - Histology and Embryology 1941

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Nonidez JF. Histology and Embryology. (1941) Oxford University Press, London.

   Histology and Embryology 1941: Histology - 1 The Cell | 2 The Tissues | 3 The Organs     Embryology - 1 General Development | 2 Organogenesis | Bibliography
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This historic 1941 textbook by Nonidez describes both embryology and histology.

See also File:Histology and Embryology 1941.pdf

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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

Histology and Embryology


José Fernandez Nonidez Sc.D. (1892-1947)

Professor Of Anatomy, Cornell University Medical College, N. Y.

Oxford Medical Outline Series

University College London

Oxford University Press

London New York Toronto

Copyright, 1941, by Oxford University Press, New York, Inc.


This outline presents in condensed form the most important facts concerning the structure and development of the organs of the human body. Following the trend in American textbooks of Histology, the microscopic anatomy of the central nervous system is not included; it will be found in the outline of Neuro-Anatomy of this series. At the risk of putting undue emphasis on structure it was deemed advisable to omit those functional interpretations which are still the subject of controversy; in some instances, however, the different points of view are briefly mentioned.

Several textbooks have been consulted during the preparation of this outline, and the subject matter so arranged as to conform broadly with those in common use. Its value will be increased if the student furnishes his own illustrations copied from actual preparations, for which adequate space has been provided. It must be remembered, nevertheless, that the outline is not intended as a laboratory guide but merely as a supplement to a textbook.



The Cell

I. Structure, i

II. Reproduction, 3

III. Degeneration and death, 4

The Tissues


I. Covering epithelium

II. Glandular epithelium

III. Neuroepithelium

Blood and Lymph

I. Blood

II. Lymph

The Supporting Tissues, ii

I. Connective tissue

II. Reticulo-endothelium

III. Cartilage

IV. Bone

Muscular Tissue

I. Smooth muscle

II. Striated (skeletal) muscle

III. Cardiac muscle

Nervous Tissue

I. Nerve cells (neurones)

II. Neuroglia

The Organs

The Blood Vascular System

I. The blood vessels

II. The heart

The Lymphatic System

I. Lymphatic vessels

II. Lymph nodes

III. The tonsils

IV. The thymus

V. The spleen

The Integument

I. The skin

II. The cutaneous glands

III. The hair

IV. The nails

V. Nerves

The Digestive System

I. General structural plan

II. The mouth

III. The salivary glands

IV. The tongue

V. The teeth

VI. The pharynx

VII. The oesophagus

VIII. The stomach

IX. The small intestine

X. The large intestine and vermiform appendix

XI. The pancreas

XII. The liver

The Respiratory System

I. Nasal cavity and nasopharynx

II. The larynx

III. The trachea and main bronchi

IV. The lungs

The Urinary System

I. The kidney

II. The renal pelvis and ureter

III. The urinary bladder

IV. The urethra

The Male Genital System

I. The testis

II. The excretory ducts

III. Accessory genital glands

IV. The penis

The Female Genital System

I. The ovary

II. The oviduct (Fallopian tube)

III. The uterus

IV. The vagina

V. The external genitalia

VI. The mammary gland

The Endocrine Glands

I. The hypophysis cerebri (pituitary gland)

II. The thyroid

III. The parathyroids

IV. The suprarenal glands

V. The pineal (epiphysis cerebri)

The Sense Organs

I. The organ of taste

II. The organ of smell

III. The eye

IV. The ear



Fertilization, Cleavage and the Origin of the Germ Layers

I. Fertilization

II. Cleavage (segmentation) of the mammalian ovum

III. Gastrulation

IV. Formation of the mesoderm

Early Differentiations of the Germ Layers; Development of the External Form

I. Early differentiations of the germ layers

II. Development of the external form

Human Fetal Membranes, Placentation and Deciduae

I. Fetal appendages and membranes

II. Placentation

III. The deciduae

IV. The placenta


Endodermic Derivatives

The Digestive System

I. Introductory remarks

II. The organs of the mouth cavity

III. The pharynx

IV. The digestive tube

V. The liver

VI. The pancreas

The Respiratory System

I. Early development

II. The larynx

III. The trachea

IV. The lungs

Mesodermic Derivatives

The Mesenteries and Coelom

I. The mesenteries

II. The coelom (body cavity)

The Vascular System

I. Origin of the blood and hemopoiesis in the embryo

II. The early vascular system

III. Development of the heart

IV. Development of the arteries

V. Development of the veins

VI. Fetal circulation and changes at birth

The Urogenital System

I. The urinary organs

II. The genital organs

The Skeletal System

I. Connective tissue

II. Cartilage

III. Bone. Development of the skeleton

The Muscular System

I. The visceral musculature

II. The skeletal musculature

Ectodermic Derivatives

The Integument and Its Derivatives

I. The skin

II. The hair

III. The sebaceous glands

IV. The sweat glands

V. The mammary glands

The Nervous System

I. The central nervous system

II. The peripheral nervous system

The Sense Organs

I. The organ of taste

II. The nose

III. The eye

IV. The ear


   Histology and Embryology 1941: Histology - 1 The Cell | 2 The Tissues | 3 The Organs     Embryology - 1 General Development | 2 Organogenesis | Bibliography

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, April 15) Embryology Book - Histology and Embryology 1941. Retrieved from

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