From Embryology

Original file(1,200 × 861 pixels, file size: 133 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Text-Fig. 2. Diagram to show the arrangement of the acoustico-facial neural crest primordia in certain human embryos

Ectoderm, neural folds and tube indicated in solid black; acoustico-facial neural crest material stippled; endoderm and dorsal aortae outlined. (For explanation see text below)

  • A. Payne embryo of seven somites.
  • B. Corner embryo (ten somites).
  • C. Heuser embryo (fourteen somites).
  • D. Baxter-Boyd embryo (ten somites).

The form taken by the acoustico-facial neural crest mass in this embryo is very different from that seen in Corner’s ten-somite human embryo (cp. Text-fig. 2B). In his specimen the anterior limit of fusion of the neural folds has not extended so far forward as in our embryo. It reaches only to the level of the acoustico-facial neural crest primordium which, here, is represented by bilateral and entirely separate cell aggregations; these, according to Corner’s description and microphotographs, seem to stream out of the angle of junction of the neural and somatic ectoderm. In some regions he found a sharp demarcation of the neural crest cells from the adjacent mesenchyme; in other regions it was impossible to draw a line between the lateral margin of the crest and the mesodermal elements. In our embryo we find no difficulty in distinguishing between the cells of the acoustico-facial primordium and the surrounding, frankly mesodermal, elements. Hence there is no appearance of continuity between the crest material and the hyoid, or other, branchial mesodermal condensations. Other human embryos of the somite period in which the neural crests have been studied seem to correspond with Corner’s description of the arrangement of the acoustico-facial neural crest elements.

Thus in Payne’s (1925) embryo of seven somites (Text-fig. 2A), and Veit’s embryo of eight somites, there are two, quite separate, acoustico-facial primordia; and Heuser (1930), in his fourteen-somite specimen, describes bilateral acoustico-facial primordia in an embryo with complete closure of the neural tube in the definitive hindbrain region (Text-fig. 2C).

Online Editor - 10 somite embryo corresponds to Carnegie stage 10 in Week 4.

Stage 10 Links: Week 4 | Gastrulation | Lecture | Practical | Image Gallery | Carnegie Embryos | Embryos | Category:Carnegie Stage 10 | Next Stage 11
  Historic Papers: 1910 | 1917 | 1926 | 1939 | 1943 | 1957 | 1985

Week: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Carnegie stage: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
Mark Hill.jpg
Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)
Links: Text-fig 1 | Text-fig 2 | Plate 1 | Fig 1 | Fig 2 | Fig 3 | Fig 4 | Plate 2 | Fig 5 | Fig 6 | Fig 7 | Baxter and Boyd 1939 | Historic Embryology Papers | Neural Crest Development | Carnegie stage 10


Baxter JS. and Boyd JD. Observations on the neural crest of a ten-somite human embryo. (1939) J Anat. 73: 318–326. PMID 17104759

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, February 25) Embryology BaxterBoyd1939-text-fig02.jpg. Retrieved from

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current19:02, 16 September 2015Thumbnail for version as of 19:02, 16 September 20151,200 × 861 (133 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)
19:00, 16 September 2015Thumbnail for version as of 19:00, 16 September 20151,438 × 1,234 (298 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)