|Embryology - 25 May 2018 Expand to Translate|
|Google Translate - select your language from the list shown below (this will open a new external page)|
العربية | català | 中文 | 中國傳統的 | français | Deutsche | עִברִית | हिंदी | bahasa Indonesia | italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | မြန်မာ | Pilipino | Polskie | português | ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਦੇ | Română | русский | Español | Swahili | Svensk | ไทย | Türkçe | اردو | ייִדיש | Tiếng Việt These external translations are automated and may not be accurate. (More? About Translations)
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Some Recent Findings
- 3 Movies
- 4 Timeline and Stages of Embryonic Development
- 5 Skull
- 6 Neural
- 7 Molecular
- 8 References
- 9 Additional Images
- 10 Terms
- 11 External Links
- 12 Glossary Links
Zebrafish or zebra danio (danio rerio) are seen as the latest "model' for embryological development studies. These embryos have the great advantage that they develop as "see through" embryos, that is, all internal development can be clearly observed from the outside in the living embryo. Much of the early modern work using this embryo model began with the papers of Kimmel.
Several large laboratories in the US are now developing large breeding programs to carry out "knockouts" and to find spontaneous mutants of interest.
|Fish Links: Zebrafish Development | Medaka Development | Salmon Development | Movie - Zebrafish Heart | Student Group Project - Zebrafish | Recent References | Category:Zebrafish | Category:Medaka|
Some Recent Findings
|More recent papers|
This table shows an automated computer PubMed search using the listed sub-heading term.
References listed on the rest of the content page and the associated discussion page (listed under the publication year sub-headings) do include some editorial selection based upon both relevance and availability.
Øystein Sæle, Kari Elin L Rød, Vanessa H Quinlivan, Shengrong Li, Steven A Farber A novel system to quantify intestinal lipid digestion and transport. Biochim. Biophys. Acta: 2018; PubMed 29778665
L N Huiting, Y Samaha, G L Zhang, J E Roderick, B Li, N M Anderson, Y W Wang, L Wang, Fjf Laroche, J W Choi, C T Liu, M A Kelliher, H Feng UFD1 contributes to MYC-mediated leukemia aggressiveness through suppression of the proapoptotic unfolded protein response. Leukemia: 2018; PubMed 29743725
Tom W Hiscock, Joel B Miesfeld, Kishore R Mosaliganti, Brian A Link, Sean G Megason Feedback between tissue packing and neurogenesis in the zebrafish neural tube. Development: 2018; PubMed 29678815
Yan-Jie Gao, Hao-Jun Zhu, Yi Chen, Yun-He Li, Yu-Fa Peng, Xiu-Ping Chen Safety assessment of Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) insecticidal proteins Cry1C and Cry2A with a zebrafish embryotoxicity test. J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2018; PubMed 29653490
Hans-Martin Pogoda, Iris Riedl-Quinkertz, Heiko Löhr, Joshua S Waxman, Rodney M Dale, Jacek Topczewski, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Matthias Hammerschmidt Direct activation of chordoblasts by retinoic acid is required for segmented centra mineralization during zebrafish spine development. Development: 2018; PubMed 29650589
| Movie of an immobilized zebrafish embryo development from the 1-cell stage to 85 hours post fertilisation (hpf).
Timeline and Stages of Embryonic Development
|0 - 0.75 hrs||Zygote Period|
|0.75 - 2.25 hrs||Cleavage Period|
|2.25 - 5.25 hrs||Blastula Period|
|5.25 - 10.33 hrs||Gastrula Period|
|10.33 - 24 hrs||Segmentation Period|
|24 - 48 hrs||Pharyngula Period|
|48-72 hrs||Hatching Period|
|72 hrs - 30 Days||Larval Period|
- Transition from Prim 5 to Long-pec
- The body axis begins to straighten and the head straightens out and lifts dorsally
- Notochord is well developed
- Formation of the Dorsal and Ventral Stripe
- Nervous system is hollow and expanding anteriorly
- The brain has developed into 5 distinct lobes
- Seven pharyngeal arch's develop rapidly during this stage
- Pectoral fins begin to develop
- The Circulatory system develops and the heart beats for the first time
- Blood begins to circulate through a closed circuit of channels
- Tactile sensitivity appears and uncoordinated movements occur
| Zebrafish Skull Neural Crest Contribution 
Lateral line is a zebrafish sensory system, used to detect changes in water flow, composed of clusters of mechanosensory hair cells called neuromasts.
Fibroblast Growth Factor
- Fgf8 and Fgf3 - regulating the segmentation of the pharyngeal endoderm into pouches.
- Fgf24 and Fgf8 - promotes posterior mesodermal development.
- Sox9 - required for cartilage morphogenesis.
- Kimmel CB, Sessions SK & Kimmel RJ. (1981). Morphogenesis and synaptogenesis of the zebrafish Mauthner neuron. J. Comp. Neurol. , 198, 101-20. PMID: 7229136 DOI.
- Kimmel CB, Sepich DS & Trevarrow B. (1988). Development of segmentation in zebrafish. Development , 104 Suppl, 197-207. PMID: 3077108
- Muto A, Calof AL, Lander AD & Schilling TF. (2011). Multifactorial origins of heart and gut defects in nipbl-deficient zebrafish, a model of Cornelia de Lange Syndrome. PLoS Biol. , 9, e1001181. PMID: 22039349 DOI.
- Antinucci P & Hindges R. (2016). A crystal-clear zebrafish for in vivo imaging. Sci Rep , 6, 29490. PMID: 27381182 DOI.
- Xu PF, Houssin N, Ferri-Lagneau KF, Thisse B & Thisse C. (2014). Construction of a vertebrate embryo from two opposing morphogen gradients. Science , 344, 87-9. PMID: 24700857 DOI.
- Eames BF, DeLaurier A, Ullmann B, Huycke TR, Nichols JT, Dowd J, McFadden M, Sasaki MM & Kimmel CB. (2013). FishFace: interactive atlas of zebrafish craniofacial development at cellular resolution. BMC Dev. Biol. , 13, 23. PMID: 23714426 DOI.
- Vesterlund L, Jiao H, Unneberg P, Hovatta O & Kere J. (2011). The zebrafish transcriptome during early development. BMC Dev. Biol. , 11, 30. PMID: 21609443 DOI.
- Carney TJ, Feitosa NM, Sonntag C, Slanchev K, Kluger J, Kiyozumi D, Gebauer JM, Coffin Talbot J, Kimmel CB, Sekiguchi K, Wagener R, Schwarz H, Ingham PW & Hammerschmidt M. (2010). Genetic analysis of fin development in zebrafish identifies furin and hemicentin1 as potential novel fraser syndrome disease genes. PLoS Genet. , 6, e1000907. PMID: 20419147 DOI.
- Swinburne IA, Mosaliganti KR, Green AA & Megason SG. (2015). Improved Long-Term Imaging of Embryos with Genetically Encoded α-Bungarotoxin. PLoS ONE , 10, e0134005. PMID: 26244658 DOI.
- Kague E, Gallagher M, Burke S, Parsons M, Franz-Odendaal T & Fisher S. (2012). Skeletogenic fate of zebrafish cranial and trunk neural crest. PLoS ONE , 7, e47394. PMID: 23155370 DOI.
- Crump JG, Maves L, Lawson ND, Weinstein BM & Kimmel CB. (2004). An essential role for Fgfs in endodermal pouch formation influences later craniofacial skeletal patterning. Development , 131, 5703-16. PMID: 15509770 DOI.
- Draper BW, Stock DW & Kimmel CB. (2003). Zebrafish fgf24 functions with fgf8 to promote posterior mesodermal development. Development , 130, 4639-54. PMID: 12925590 DOI.
- Yan YL, Miller CT, Nissen RM, Singer A, Liu D, Kirn A, Draper B, Willoughby J, Morcos PA, Amsterdam A, Chung BC, Westerfield M, Haffter P, Hopkins N, Kimmel C, Postlethwait JH & Nissen R. (2002). A zebrafish sox9 gene required for cartilage morphogenesis. Development , 129, 5065-79. PMID: 12397114
Zebrafish "is the only peer-reviewed journal to focus on the zebrafish, which has numerous valuable features as a model organism for the study of vertebrate development. Due to its prolific reproduction and the external development of the transparent embryo, the zebrafish is a prime model for genetic and developmental studies, as well as research in toxicology and genomics. While genetically more distant from humans, the vertebrate zebrafish nevertheless has comparable organs and tissues, such as heart, kidney, pancreas, bones, and cartilage." [jour PubMed listing]
Willy Supatto, Julien Vermot From cilia hydrodynamics to zebrafish embryonic development. Curr. Top. Dev. Biol.: 2011, 95;33-66 PubMed 21501748
Lara Carvalho, Carl-Philipp Heisenberg The yolk syncytial layer in early zebrafish development. Trends Cell Biol.: 2010, 20(10);586-92 PubMed 20674361
Sebastiaan A Brittijn, Suzanne J Duivesteijn, Mounia Belmamoune, Laura F M Bertens, Wilbert Bitter, Joost D de Bruijn, Danielle L Champagne, Edwin Cuppen, Gert Flik, Christina M Vandenbroucke-Grauls, Richard A J Janssen, Ilse M L de Jong, Edo Ronald de Kloet, Alexander Kros, Annemarie H Meijer, Juriaan R Metz, Astrid M van der Sar, Marcel J M Schaaf, Stefan Schulte-Merker, Herman P Spaink, Paul P Tak, Fons J Verbeek, Margriet J Vervoordeldonk, Freek J Vonk, Frans Witte, Huipin Yuan, Michael K Richardson Zebrafish development and regeneration: new tools for biomedical research. Int. J. Dev. Biol.: 2009, 53(5-6);835-50 PubMed 19557689
Jeroen Bakkers, Manon C Verhoeven, Salim Abdelilah-Seyfried Shaping the zebrafish heart: from left-right axis specification to epithelial tissue morphogenesis. Dev. Biol.: 2009, 330(2);213-20 PubMed 19371733
Tzu-Min Chan, William Longabaugh, Hamid Bolouri, Hua-Ling Chen, Wen-Fang Tseng, Chung-Hao Chao, Te-Hsuan Jang, Yu-I Lin, Shao-Chin Hung, Horng-Dar Wang, Chiou-Hwa Yuh Developmental gene regulatory networks in the zebrafish embryo. Biochim. Biophys. Acta: 2009, 1789(4);279-98 PubMed 18992377
Search Pubmed: Zebrafish Development
- deep cell layer - (DEL) formed after blastula stage that forms the three germ layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm).
- epiboly - (Greek, "epibol" = a throwing or laying on) Term describing the division and movement of ectodermal cells during gastrulation, thinning and spreading this layer to cover the whole of the embryo. Cellular movements are thought to occur in all vertebrates, but have been most clearly identified in both the zebrafish and frog (xenopus laevis).
- enveloping layer - (EVL) an epithelial monolayer formed after blastula stage that undergoes epiboly.
- Kupffer's vesicle - (ciliated organ of asymmetry, primitive node) a transient epithelial fluid-filled sac located midventrally posterior to the yolk cell or its extension. The vesicle has been described as equivalent to the primitive node for establishing embryo left-right (L-R) axis. PMID 21876750
- yolk syncytial layer - (YSL) membrane-enclosed group of nuclei that lie on top of the yolk cell formed after blastula stage that undergoes epiboly.
External Links Notice - The dynamic nature of the internet may mean that some of these listed links may no longer function. If the link no longer works search the web with the link text or name. Links to any external commercial sites are provided for information purposes only and should never be considered an endorsement. UNSW Embryology is provided as an educational resource with no clinical information or commercial affiliation.
- NIH NIH Zebrafish Initiative
- ZFIN - The Zebrafish Model Organism Database
- Keller at European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Germany Movies - Reconstruction of zebrafish early embryonic development by scanned light sheet microscopy
- YouTube Timelapse recording of about 18 hours of embryonic development of the zebrafish with some annotation
- Fish Face Atlas 3D-interactive atlas of craniofacial development in the zebrafish Danio rerio.
- Zebrafish Atlas
- 3D Atlas of Zebrafish Vasculature Anatomy
- Zebrafish Brain Atlas
- Atlas of Zebrafish Anatomy
- Atlas of Zebrafish Development
- Zebrafish Anatomy Portal
- FishNet 3D developmental atlas
|Animal Development: axolotl | bat | cat | chicken | cow | dog | dolphin | echidna | fly | frog | grasshopper | guinea pig | hamster | kangaroo | koala | lizard | medaka | mouse | pig | platypus | rabbit | rat | sea squirt | sea urchin | sheep | worm | zebrafish | Life Cycles | Development Timetable | K12|
Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2018, May 25) Embryology Zebrafish Development. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Zebrafish_Development