Sensory System - Abnormalities

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How and why do things go wrong in sensory development?

This is a start page for sensory abnormalities, this topic is covered in depth on specific sensory system abnormality pages. Currently the main content relates to hearing and vision.

Sensory Abnormality Links: Hearing | Vision

Abnormality Links: Introduction | Genetic | Environmental | Unknown | Teratogens | Ectopic Implantation | Cardiovascular | Coelomic Cavity | Endocrine | Gastrointestinal Tract | Genital | Head | Integumentary | Musculoskeletal | Limb | Neural | Neural Crest | Renal | Respiratory | Placenta | Sensory | Hearing | Vision | Twinning | Developmental Origins of Health and Disease | ICD-10
Historic Embryology  
1915 Congenital Cardiac Disease | 1917 Frequency of Anomalies in Human Embryos | 1920 Hydatiform Degeneration Tubal Pregnancy | 1921 Anencephalic Embryo

Some Recent Findings

Brindisi, Italy
  • Sensory processing in preterm preschoolers and its association with executive function[1] "Preterm children (≤34weeks of gestation; n=54) and full term controls (≥37weeks of gestation; n=73) ages 3-5years. OUTCOME MEASURES: Sensory processing was assessed with the Short Sensory Profile. Executive function was assessed with (1) parent ratings on the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function - Preschool version and (2) a performance-based battery of tasks. Adaptive function was assessed with the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-II. RESULTS: Preterm preschoolers showed significantly more sensory symptoms than full term controls. A higher percentage of preterm than full term preschoolers had elevated numbers of sensory symptoms (37% vs. 12%). Sensory symptoms in preterm preschoolers were associated with scores on executive function measures, but were not significantly associated with adaptive function. Preterm preschoolers exhibited more sensory symptoms than full term controls. Preterm preschoolers with elevated numbers of sensory symptoms also showed executive function impairment. Future research should further examine whether sensory processing and executive function should be considered independent or overlapping constructs."
More recent papers
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Search term: Abnormal Sensory Development

Sagi Jaffe-Dax, Eva Kimel, Merav Ahissar Shorter cortical adaptation in dyslexia is broadly distributed in the superior temporal lobe and includes the primary auditory cortex. Elife: 2018, 7; PubMed 29488880

Anthony Park, Olivia Uddin, Ying Li, Radi Masri, Asaf Keller Pain after Spinal Cord Injury is Associated with Abnormal Presynaptic Inhibition in the Posterior Nucleus of Thalamus. J Pain: 2018; PubMed 29481977

Robert A Hauser, Daniel Truong Tardive dyskinesia: Out of the shadows. J. Neurol. Sci.: 2018; PubMed 29449008

Silvina L Ferradal, Borjan Gagoski, Camilo Jaimes, Francesca Yi, Clarisa Carruthers, Catherine Vu, Jonathan S Litt, Ryan Larsen, Brad Sutton, P Ellen Grant, Lilla Zöllei System-Specific Patterns of Thalamocortical Connectivity in Early Brain Development as Revealed by Structural and Functional MRI. Cereb. Cortex: 2018; PubMed 29425270

Yanhui Peter Yu, Nian Gong, Tae Dong Kweon, Benjamin Vo, Z David Luo Thrombospondin-4 acts on pre-synaptic calcium channel alpha-2-delta-1 subunit to induce synaptogenesis between sensory and spinal cord neurons through a T-type calcium channel dependent pathway that is blocked by early, low-dose gabapentin treatments. Br. J. Pharmacol.: 2018; PubMed 29338087


  1. Jenna N Adams, Heidi M Feldman, Lynne C Huffman, Irene M Loe Sensory processing in preterm preschoolers and its association with executive function. Early Hum. Dev.: 2015, 91(3);227-233 PubMed 25706317

Search Pubmed: Sensory System Abnormalities

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2018, March 21) Embryology Sensory System - Abnormalities. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2018, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G