Some Recent Findings
- Neurula rotation determines left-right asymmetry in ascidian tadpole larvae "Tadpole larvae of the ascidian Halocynthia roretzi show morphological left-right asymmetry. ... We suggest that chemical, and not mechanical, signals from the vitelline membrane promote nodal expression. Neurula rotation is also conserved in other ascidian species."
- Creating 3D digital replicas of ascidian embryos from stacks of confocal images. "During embryonic development, cell behaviors that are tightly coordinated both spatially and temporally integrate at the tissue level and drive embryonic morphogenesis. Over the past 20 years, advances in imaging techniques, in particular, the development of confocal imaging, have opened a new world in biology, not only giving us access to a wealth of information, but also creating new challenges. It is sometimes difficult to make the best use of the recordings of the complex, inherently three-dimensional (3D) processes we now can observe. In particular, these data are often not directly suitable for even simple but conceptually fundamental quantifications. This article describes a process whereby image stacks gathered from live or fixed ascidian embryos are digitalized and segmented to produce 3D embryo replicas. These replicas can then be interfaced via a 3D Virtual Embryo module to a model organism database (Aniseed) that allows one to relate the geometrical properties of cells and cell contacts to additional parameters such as cell lineage, cell fates, or the underlying genetic program. Such an integrated system can serve several general purposes. First, it makes it possible to quantify and better understand the dynamics of cell behaviors during embryonic development, including, for instance, the automatic detection of asymmetric cell divisions or the evolution of cell contacts. Second, the 3D Virtual Embryo software proposes a panel of mathematical shape descriptors to precisely quantify cellular geometries and generate a 3D identity card for each embryonic cell. Such reconstructions open the door to a detailed 3D simulation of morphogenesis."
| More recent papers
This table shows an automated computer PubMed search using the listed sub-heading term.
- Therefore the list of references do not reflect any editorial selection of material based on content or relevance.
- References appear in this list based upon the date of the actual page viewing.
References listed on the rest of the content page and the associated discussion page (listed under the publication year sub-headings) do include some editorial selection based upon both relevance and availability.
- Links: References | Discussion Page | Pubmed Most Recent | Journal Searches
Search term: Sea Squirt Embryology
Vlad Costache, Celine Hebras, Gerard Pruliere, Lydia Besnardeau, Margaux Failla, Richard R Copley, David Burgess, Janet Chenevert, Alex McDougall Kif2 localizes to a subdomain of cortical endoplasmic reticulum that drives asymmetric spindle position. Nat Commun: 2017, 8(1);917 PubMed 29030551
Taichi Akahoshi, Kohji Hotta, Kotaro Oka Characterization of calcium transients during early embryogenesis in ascidians Ciona robusta (Ciona intestinalis type A) and Ciona savignyi. Dev. Biol.: 2017, 431(2);205-214 PubMed 28935526
Wendy M Reeves, Yuye Wu, Matthew J Harder, Michael T Veeman Functional and evolutionary insights from the Ciona notochord transcriptome. Development: 2017, 144(18);3375-3387 PubMed 28928284
Kanae Kishi, Momoko Hayashi, Takeshi A Onuma, Hiroki Nishida Patterning and morphogenesis of the intricate but stereotyped oikoplastic epidermis of the appendicularian, Oikopleura dioica. Dev. Biol.: 2017; PubMed 28602953
Shin-Ichi Tokuhiro, Miki Tokuoka, Kenji Kobayashi, Atsushi Kubo, Izumi Oda-Ishii, Yutaka Satou Differential gene expression along the animal-vegetal axis in the ascidian embryo is maintained by a dual functional protein Foxd. PLoS Genet.: 2017, 13(5);e1006741 PubMed 28520732
- (b) Ciona intestinalis notochord
- ascidians lack a segmented hindbrain, but have restricted expression patterns of anterior Hox genes.
Manual of Human Embryology by Franz Keibel and Franklin P. Mall (1910).
- "Conklin (1895) has been able to determine in ascidian eggs, even before cleavage begins, the existence of organ-forming substances, one of which, the myoplasm, that has to do with the formation of muscle tissue, is clearly recognizable and can be followed through successive stages of development into formed muscle."
Alfonso Natale, Carrie Sims, Maria L Chiusano, Alessandro Amoroso, Enrico D'Aniello, Laura Fucci, Robb Krumlauf, Margherita Branno, Annamaria Locascio Evolution of anterior Hox regulatory elements among chordates. BMC Evol. Biol.: 2011, 11;330 PubMed 22085760
| BMC Evol Biol.
Kazuhiko Nishide, Michio Mugitani, Gaku Kumano, Hiroki Nishida Neurula rotation determines left-right asymmetry in ascidian tadpole larvae. Development: 2012, 139(8);1467-75 PubMed 22399684
François B Robin, Delphine Dauga, Olivier Tassy, Daniel Sobral, Fabrice Daian, Patrick Lemaire Creating 3D digital replicas of ascidian embryos from stacks of confocal images. Cold Spring Harb Protoc: 2011, 2011(10);1251-61 PubMed 21969625
David E K Ferrier Tunicates push the limits of animal evo-devo. BMC Biol.: 2011, 9;3 PubMed 21251298
| BMC Biol.
A Locascio, F Aniello, A Amoroso, M Manzanares, R Krumlauf, M Branno Patterning the ascidian nervous system: structure, expression and transgenic analysis of the CiHox3 gene. Development: 1999, 126(21);4737-48 PubMed 10518491
Patrick Lemaire Evolutionary crossroads in developmental biology: the tunicates. Development: 2011, 138(11);2143-52 PubMed 21558365
Search Pubmed: Sea Squirt Development
External Links Notice - The dynamic nature of the internet may mean that some of these listed links may no longer function. If the link no longer works search the web with the link text or name. Links to any external commercial sites are provided for information purposes only and should never be considered an endorsement. UNSW Embryology is provided as an educational resource with no clinical information or commercial affiliation.