Embryology History - Wilhelm Roux

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Introduction

Wilhelm Roux (1850 – 1924)

Roux was a German zoologist and pioneer of experimental embryology.

Described "Entwicklungsmechanik" (mechanisms) a physiological approach to embryology. One experiment used a heated needle to kill at the frog 2 cell stage one of the blastomeres.

Doctoral thesis - On the bifurcation of blood vessels. A morphological study.


Links: Frog Development


Embryologists: William Hunter | Wilhelm Roux | Caspar Wolff | Wilhelm His | Oscar Hertwig | Julius Kollmann | Hans Spemann | Francis Balfour | Charles Minot | Ambrosius Hubrecht | Charles Bardeen | Franz Keibel | Franklin Mall | Florence Sabin | George Streeter | George Corner | James Hill | Jan Florian | Thomas Bryce | Thomas Morgan | Ernest Frazer | Francisco Orts-Llorca | José Doménech Mateu | Frederic Lewis | Arthur Meyer | Robert Meyer | Erich Blechschmidt | Klaus Hinrichsen | Hideo Nishimura | Arthur Hertig | John Rock | Viktor Hamburger | Mary Lyon | Nicole Le Douarin | Robert Winston | Fabiola Müller | Ronan O'Rahilly | Robert Edwards | John Gurdon | Shinya Yamanaka | Embryology History | Category:People
Related Histology Researchers  
Santiago Ramón y Cajal | Camillo Golgi


Studies

Roux1895 titlepage.jpg Roux1897 titlepage.jpg
Collected papers on developmental mechanics of organisms (1895)

(Gesammelte Abhandlungen über Entwickelungsmechanik der Organismen)

Program and research methods of developmental mechanics of the organisms (1897)

(Programm und Forschungsmethoden der Entwickelungsmechanik der Organismen)

Monograph Editor

Images

Hilfer1990 Fig04.jpg Surface views of Frog Embryos from W. Roux (1888).

Figures 5 and 6 show normal embryos at early and late stages of formation of the neural tube.

Figures 7 to 10 show embryos in which one blastomere was killed at the two-cell stage.

Figure 7, the ectoderm has covered much of the surface of the dead blastomere whereas much less repair has occurred in the other cases and it is clear that only partial embryos have formed.


Wilhelm Roux interpreted these results as proving that development is mosaic in character, each blastomere giving rise to a restricted part of the individual.


References


Heams T. (2012). Selection within organisms in the nineteenth century: Wilhelm Roux's complex legacy. Prog. Biophys. Mol. Biol. , 110, 24-33. PMID: 22525790 DOI.

Hamburger V. (1997). Wilhelm Roux: visionary with a blind spot. J Hist Biol , 30, 229-38. PMID: 11619471

Ribatti D. (2002). A milestone in the study of the vascular system: Wilhelm Roux's doctoral thesis on the bifurcation of blood vessels. Haematologica , 87, 677-8. PMID: 12091116


Search term: Wilhelm Roux

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, December 16) Embryology Embryology History - Wilhelm Roux. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Embryology_History_-_Wilhelm_Roux

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© Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G