Difference between revisions of "Postnatal - Vaccination"
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* CDC [http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/ Vaccines
* CDC [http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/ Vaccines] | [http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html Immunization Schedules] | [http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/side-effects.htm Possible Side-effects from Vaccines] | [http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/acip/index.html Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices] | [http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/su6201a2.htm Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 Years — United States, 2013]
Revision as of 23:36, 2 April 2013
|Educational Use Only - Embryology is an educational resource for learning concepts in embryological development, no clinical information is provided and content should not be used for any other purpose.|
- 1 Introduction
- 2 Some Recent Findings
- 3 Neonatal Vaccination
- 4 Australian Immunisation Handbook
- 5 USA Recommended Immunizations for Children
- 6 References
- 7 External Links
- 8 Glossary Links
Although the use of most vaccines during pregnancy is not usually recommended on precautionary grounds, there is no convincing evidence that pregnancy should be an absolute contraindication to the use of any vaccine, particularly inactivated vaccines. The only exception is vaccinia virus (smallpox vaccination), which has been shown to cause fetal malformation.
Some Recent Findings
Vaccination of premature infants
A recent study has looked at Wheezing lower respiratory disease hazard ratios (HR) for vaccination of premature infants. Premature infants are at increased risk of wheezing in association with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and rhinovirus infections. The study found no evidence of increased WLRD risk following routine vaccinations of premature infants. WLRD risk among non-fragile premature infants appears to be reduced for a few weeks after live attenuated vaccinations.
- "Wheezing lower respiratory disease hazard ratios (HR) were not significantly elevated for any vaccine type among non-fragile or fragile premature infants. Among non-fragile infants the 8-14 days HR was significantly reduced for live attenuated MMR (0.68, 0.52-0.88) and Varicella (0.71, 0.53-0.94) vaccines, and similarly but insignificantly reduced for infrequently used live attenuated OPV vaccine (0.70, 0.46-1.06). There was a smaller significant reduction (0.83, 0.69-0.998) in the 15-30 days HR for MMR and a similar but not significant reduction (0.86, 0.71-1.05) in the 31-44 days HR for MMR. Hepatitis B vaccine (HBV), which is not a live vaccine, had significantly reduced 8-14 days (0.84, 0.72-0.98) and 31-44 days (0.88, 0.78-0.98) HRs among non-fragile infants. The apparent protective effect of HBV may be confounded by live vaccines administered simultaneously with the third dose of HBV. Among fragile infants there was a large significant reduction in the 8-14 days HR for live attenuated OPV vaccine (0.40, 0.23-0.70) and smaller significant reductions in the 8-14 days HR for inactivated DTaP (0.82, 0.71-0.95), Hib (0.83, 0.73-0.96), and PCV7 (0.84, 0.70-0.997) vaccines. Delays in vaccinating fragile infants may have made simultaneous administration of live vaccines and third doses of these inactivated vaccines more likely."
Australian Immunisation Handbook
The purpose of The Australian Immunisation Handbook is to provide clinical guidelines for health professionals on the safest and most effective use of vaccines in their practice. These recommendations are developed by the Australian Technical Advisory Group on Immunisation (ATAGI) and endorsed by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).
There is a specific section within the handbook for Vaccination of women planning pregnancy, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and preterm infants.
- Links: AIH 9th edition (2008) | AIH 10th edition (April 2013) | 2.3 Groups with Special Vaccination Requirements (July 2009) | Vaccination of women planning pregnancy, pregnant or breastfeeding women, and preterm infants (July 2009)
|Australian Child Immunisation Programs 2013|
|Notes:||Information provided for educational purposes only. Postnatal - Vaccination | Immunise Australia Program
a Hepatitis B vaccine: should be given to all infants as soon as practicable after birth. The greatest benefit is if given within 24 hours, and must be given within 7 days.
b Rotavirus vaccine: third dose of vaccine is dependent on vaccine brand used.
|Source:||Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th edition (April 2013). National Immunisation Program Schedule From 1 February 2013 to 30 June 2013 PDF Immunise Australia Program.|
USA Recommended Immunizations for Children
(Birth through 6 years)
- Links: Vaccines | Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 Years — United States, 2013
- Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th edition (April 2013) Cite error: Invalid
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External Links Notice - The dynamic nature of the internet may mean that some of these listed links may no longer function. If the link no longer works search the web with the link text or name. Links to any external commercial sites are provided for information purposes only and should never be considered an endorsement. UNSW Embryology is provided as an educational resource with no clinical information or commercial affiliation.
- Department of Health and Ageing Immunise Australia Program The Immunise Australia Program aims to increase national immunisation rates by funding free vaccination programs, administering the Australian Childhood Immunisation register and communicating information about immunisation to the general public and health professionals.
- Australian Immunisation Handbook. 9th edition (2008) | AIH 10th edition (April 2013)
- 2.3 Groups with Special Vaccination Requirements updated July 2009
- CDC Vaccines | Immunization Schedules | Possible Side-effects from Vaccines | Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices | Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 Years — United States, 2013
- Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link
Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, April 8) Embryology Postnatal - Vaccination. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Postnatal_-_Vaccination
- © Dr Mark Hill 2020, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G