|Embryology - 22 Apr 2018 Expand to Translate|
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There is available a USDA and the Agricultural Research Service field guide that describes development in the western grasshopper.
Some Recent Findings
|More recent papers|
This table shows an automated computer PubMed search using the listed sub-heading term.
References listed on the rest of the content page and the associated discussion page (listed under the publication year sub-headings) do include some editorial selection based upon both relevance and availability.
Natalia Rosetti, Maria I Remis Spatial Variation in Body Size and Wing Dimorphism Correlates With Environmental Conditions in the Grasshopper Dichroplus vittatus (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Environ. Entomol.: 2018; PubMed 29672724
George Stephen Boyan, Leslie Williams, Tobias Müller, Jonathan P Bacon Ontogeny and development of the tritocerebral commissure giant (TCG): an identified neuron in the brain of the grasshopper Schistocerca gregaria. Dev. Genes Evol.: 2018; PubMed 29666910
Makoto Chiba, Takanori Itabashi, Koujiro Hirai, Mitsuo Sakamoto, Moriya Ohkuma, Taichiro Ishige, Shinji Kawasaki Lactobacillus metriopterae sp. nov., a novel lactic acid bacterium isolated from the gut of grasshopper Metrioptera engelhardti. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol.: 2018; PubMed 29543150
George Boyan, Philip Graf, Erica Ehrhardt Patterns of cell death in the embryonic antenna of the grasshopper Schistocerca gregaria. Dev. Genes Evol.: 2018; PubMed 29511851
Michael R Kearney, John Deutscher, Jacinta D Kong, Ary A Hoffmann Summer egg diapause in a matchstick grasshopper synchronises the life cycle and buffers thermal extremes. Integr Zool: 2018; PubMed 29436759
Historic drawing of stages in the spermatogenesis of a grasshopper (Stenobothrus viridulus)
Flow visualization in the heart of a grasshopper (Schistocerca americana) using synchrotron x-ray phase-contrast imaging.
- RE. Pfadt, Field Guide to Common Western Grasshoppers 3rd edn Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 912 February 2002 University of Wyoming USDA and the Agricultural Research Service - PDF
- Seth Donoughe, Cassandra G Extavour Embryonic development of the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus. Dev. Biol.: 2015; PubMed 25907229 | Dev Biol.
- George Boyan, Leslie Williams Embryonic development of the insect central complex: insights from lineages in the grasshopper and Drosophila. Arthropod Struct Dev: 2011, 40(4);334-48 PubMed 21382507
- Wah-Keat Lee, John J Socha Direct visualization of hemolymph flow in the heart of a grasshopper (Schistocerca americana). BMC Physiol.: 2009, 9;2 PubMed 19272159 | BMC Physiol.
Arthur T Legg, Timothy P O'Connor Gradients and growth cone guidance of grasshopper neurons. J. Histochem. Cytochem.: 2003, 51(4);445-54 PubMed 12642623
C J Lomer, R P Bateman, D L Johnson, J Langewald, M Thomas Biological control of locusts and grasshoppers. Annu. Rev. Entomol.: 2001, 46;667-702 PubMed 11112183
K Maeno, S Tanaka Phase-specific developmental and reproductive strategies in the desert locust. Bull. Entomol. Res.: 2008, 98(5);527-34 PubMed 18590599
G S Boyan, J L D Williams Embryonic development of a peripheral nervous system: nerve tract associated cells and pioneer neurons in the antenna of the grasshopper Schistocerca gregaria. Arthropod Struct Dev: 2007, 36(3);336-50 PubMed 18089112
James Badman, Jon F Harrison, Michael P McGarry Grasshoppers in research and education: methods for maintenance and production. Lab Anim (NY): 2007, 36(3);27-31 PubMed 17311046
Search Pubmed: Grasshopper Development
- acrididae - a family of insects that comprise the grasshoppers with short antennae, short ovipositor, and tarsi of legs three-segmented.
- blastokinesis - active movement of the grasshopper embryo by which it passes from the ventral to the dorsal side of the egg and at the same time revolves 180 degrees on its long axis.
- brood - all the individuals that hatch at about one time from eggs laid by one series of parents and that normally mature at about the same time; a group of individuals of a species that have hatched into young or have become adult at approximately the same time, and live together in a defined and limited area, and they may be of different generations.
- chorionic sculpturing - a network pattern on the chorion (shell) of the insect egg.
- complete metamorphosis - metamorphosis through which the insect develops by four distinct stages: egg, larva, pupa, adult.
- diapause - a state of low metabolic activity mediated hormonally and associated with ceased growth, reduced activity, and increased resistance to environmental extremes.
- eclosion - the hatching of the larva or nymph from its egg.
- egg pod - a case made of grasshopper gluelike secretions and soil particles enclosing a clutch of grasshopper eggs.
- fledge - acquisition of the adult wings.
- gradual metamorphosis - metamorphosis through which the insect develops by three distinct stages, namely egg, nymph, adult.
- instar - the immature insect between two successive molts.
- larva - (pl., larvae) the immature insect hatched from the egg and up to the pupal stage in orders with complete metamorphosis, e.g., a caterpillar.
- metamorphosis - the change of body form through which insects pass in developing to the adult.
- nymph - an immature insect of species with gradual metamorphosis.
- ovipositor - in grasshoppers the paired digging and egg laying structures at the end of the female abdomen
- ovipositor valves - three pair of digging and egg laying structures at the end of the abdomen in female grasshoppers.
- preoviposition period - the period between molting to the adult and the laying of the first group of eggs; in grasshoppers the period normally lasts one to two weeks.
- pupa - (pl., pupae) the stage between the larva and the adult in insects with complete metamorphosis; a nonfeeding stage in which adult structures develop and grow.
- seasonal cycle - the timing of the periods of egg hatch, nymphal development, adulthood, and reproduction.
- stadium (pl., stadia) - the time period between two successive molts of larvae or nymphs.
- subgenital plate - in the male grasshopper the terminal ventral plate underlying the genitalia.
- threshold - the temperature or level of hormone concentration that must be reached before development or growth can begin.
Based on: RE. Pfadt, Field Guide to Common Western Grasshoppers 3rd edn Wyoming Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 912 February 2002 University of Wyoming USDA and the Agricultural Research Service - PDF
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- Australian Government Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry Lifecycle of a Locust