From Embryology

--Mark Hill (talk) 17:18, 5 August 2015 (AEST) Note your student number is already blue, as you have been previously enrolled in this course.

Resource Investigator

Lab Attendance

--Z3374116 (talk) 13:45, 7 August 2015 (AEST)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:12, 14 August 2015 (AEST)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:08, 21 August 2015 (AEST)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:03, 4 September 2015 (AEST) - Left early for Funeral

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:16, 11 September 2015 (AEST)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:26, 18 September 2015 (AEST)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:44, 25 September 2015 (AEST)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:13, 9 October 2015 (AEDT)

--Z3374116 (talk) 12:35, 16 October 2015 (AEDT)

--Z3374116 (talk) 23 October 2015 - Attendance did not log properly (heart formation lab where you went though our projects and said it was too pink)

Lab Assessment 1

Article 1


This article was written in aims to evaluate a prospectively implemented clinical algorithm which served in the early identifications of Ectopic pregnancy (EP) and Heterotopic pregnancy (HP) after use of assisted reproductive technologies (In-vitro fertilization). The data used in this research were patients who all received in-vitro fertilization or other methods of Assisted reproductive technology from between January 1995 to June 2013.

The early pregnancy stage was monitored using clinical algorithms where all pregnancies were screened using Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels and any reported symptoms during pregnancy as well as use of ultrasound evaluations where hCG levels were abnormal or patient reported any pains.

The research found that within the 3904 pregnancies included in the data, the incidence of Ectopic and Heterotopic pregnancies were 0.77% and 0.46% respectively. The clinical algorithm managed to detect and select 96.7% of the 0.77% diagnosed with EP as well as 83.3% of the 0.46% diagnosed with HP leading to earlier treatment and resolution of the problem. These results showed the effectiveness of the developed clinical algorithm in the early identification and prompt intervention of EP and HP bypassing the catastrophic morbidity associated with delayed diagnosis

Article 2


The article researched the effects of different levels of progesterone on the day of human gonadotropin administration in the live birth delivery rates during in-vitro fertilization. Previous researches have shown that the presence of late follicular phase progesterone is essential for follicular development, ovulation and endometrial receptivity. Studies were carried out on 2723 cycles performed in patients aged between 19 ~35 years of age and undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation.

The patients underwent ovarian stimulation using a gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist for pituitary down-regulation and then final oocyte maturation was triggered using hCG 36h before oocyte retrieval. On the day of hCG administration, progesterone evaluation was performed and live birth delivery rates were compared at regular progesterone intervals.

The study found that live birth rates were significantly lower in patients with bow low (<0.5 ng/ml) and high (>1.5 ng/ml) late follicular progesterone levels.

--Mark Hill (talk) 11:09, 4 September 2015 (AEST) These are good summaries of the 2 papers with correct reference format. (5/5)

Lab Assessment 2

Biopsy of Morula Stage Embryo.png

Biopsy of a Morula Stage Embryo[1]

--Mark Hill (talk) 11:10, 4 September 2015 (AEST) Image uploaded correctly with reference, copyright and student template. (5/5)

Lab Assessment 3




--Mark Hill (talk) 11:11, 4 September 2015 (AEST) These 3 references relate to your project topic. It would have been good to include even just a single sentence explaining why you selected these 3. (4/5)

Lab Assessment 4 - Quiz

Mesoderm Development

Cells which migrate from somites form:

Respiratory System
Smooth Muscles
Digestive System
Skeletal Muscles
Reproductive System


1 Which of the following statements are INCORRECT regarding Implantation?

Implantation commences at day 6 ~ 7
The blastocyst rolls along the uterine wall to align the inner cell mass furthest from the uterine epithelium
Implantation is the process in which a blastocyst enters the uterine wall
A coagulation plug forms where the blastocyst has entered the uterine wall

2 At which of the following layers does Implantation occur?

Spongy layer of Endometrium
Compact layer of Endometrium
Implantation layer of Endometrium

--Mark Hill (talk) 11:12, 4 September 2015 (AEST) 3 questions here please. I will assess after the lab today.

ANAT2341 Student 2015 Quiz Questions

Lab Assessment 5

What is the difference between Gastroschisis and Omphalocele?

Omphalocele is fetal defect (occurring 1 in every 4000 births) which is defined as the herniation of the abdominal viscera into the umbilical cord. In this abdominal wall defect, internal abdominal organs such as the intestines, liver protrude outside of the belly via the belly button where the organs are covered by a thin, opaque sac which separates the internal organs with the fluids in the amniotic sac during pregnancy. The occurrence of Omphalocele is due to the incorrect or incomplete development of the muscles of the abdominal wall.

Gastroschisis is a defect which is thought to have been caused due to the interruption of blood supply to the developing abdominal wall from the omphalomesenteric duct artery in the 8th week of gestation. Unlike Omphalocele occurring from the belly button, it is characterized by an extra-umbilical herniation of internal abdominal organs at the junction of umbilicus and normal skin (beside the belly button) and not enclosed in visceral peritoneum.

Omphalocele develops in the 9th week of development when the intestines do not re-enter the body cavity whereas Gastroschisis arises within the 6th ~ 7th week of development when the abdominal wall muscles of the baby do not develop properly

<pubmed>2932813</pubmed> <pubmed>12130917</pubmed> <pubmed>15305094</pubmed>

--Mark Hill (talk) 12:45, 7 November 2015 (AEST) (4/5)

Lab Assessment 7

1. Identify and write a brief description of the findings of a recent research paper on development of one of the endocrine organs covered in today's practical.

2. Identify the embryonic layers and tissues that contribute to the developing teeth.

Tooth development (Odontogenesis) begins in the 6th week of embryonic development and is made up of ectoderm, mesoderm and neural crest ectomesenchyme

- Ameloblasts: derived from the epithelium of ectoderm cells from the 1st pharyngeal arch which produces the enamel. Enamel covers the crown of the tooth and are only found to be present during the process of odontogenesis

- Odontoblasts: ectomesenchymal cells derived from the neural crest. These cells begin by forming the predentin which later hardens to become dentin

--Mark Hill (talk) 13:45, 7 November 2015 (AEST) Only the tooth has been described, not the endocrine development. (2/5)

Peer Reviews

Group 1

From first glance of the page, just by looking at the contents table found at the top of the wikipage, I can already see that all the sections have been planned and well thought out with the appropriate subheadings and sub-subheadings which makes the page a lot easier to navigate if I were to be searching for something in particular on the topic ‘Three Person Embryo’

The introduction is short and concise with the appropriate description of what the topic is about, adding the YouTube video in your introduction was a great touch (props to you for asking the maker permission to re-use as it’s under the YouTube Standard License) however I think this section could be improved by maybe addressing the key points that the wiki page will be covering

It’s great to see some history behind the development and progression of ‘Mitochondrial’ Donation throughout the years!! Is there any more history regarding this topic or is 1997 the first date with historical records?? Tabulation of the data may clean up this section, but otherwise great find!

Under the benefits section, no actual benefits seems to have been listed? I think this section has not yet been completed

The pictures and information under the ‘Technical Progression’ subheading is substantial and informative. The images seem to have been referenced and labelled accordingly but not sure if they are reusable as the sites / locations you obtained them from do not mention permission rights for reuse of their material. Some of the referencing done still shows the blue PMID which disrupts the flow of the project page.

It is clear that a lot of research has been done into making this page what it is currently. I would suggest firstly to check that all material used on your page is re-useable as well as fixing up the minor coding of references and also grammar and spelling mistakes throughout the page. Great work!!

Group 3

Straight away I was impressed by the images and the table of contents. It appears that all subheadings are relevant and well planned. Having the definition in the introduction was great as well as the addition of epidemiology including the map, however I think it would be much more informative for readers if you touched on the variety of topics your wikipage will be covering (if they did not bother to read the table of contents)

The variety of causes which are mentioned for Female infertility was concise and very informative under their respective sub-subheadings and with the appropriate referencing. There is a substantial amount of information provided under the ‘Pathogenesis’ section which clearly defines the different types, however, it seems that rather than Female infertility you have focused more information on ‘PCOS’ rather than all round? The images added in this heading was great in breaking up the text and the addition of animal and cell culture models were a really nice addition

The signs and symptoms section is nice and simple while giving the reader all the necessary information without lines and lines of text which makes the information easy to access however in a section of ‘Diagnosis’, I think use of paragraphing may help the reader take rests to understand the large amount of information provided in the blood testing, maybe make use of a glossary for the bolded words. Other than that the image has been reference properly and the subheadings were helpful

The tabulated information in Prevention and Treatment was a great way to avoid walls and walls of text as some of the other groups have done clearly identifying the cons of certain ‘current’ treatment methods. The amount of references that went into making this wikipage is a clear indication of how much effort was put in to making this page what it is

Great job on the project so far!! Only thing I can say is to try look for a video regarding Female infertility!! Good luck!

Group 4

I would like to say great work of find substantial information and images to go along with your wikipage. From the table of contents there seems to be a lot of topics being addressed and with your use of subheadings, it makes navigating the page much easier. The short introduction described the basic meaning of male infertility well as well as the inclusion of some basic statistics is a nice bit of information however it would be nice to have some information regarding what your wikipage will be covering in general

The background information is very useless as it provides the reader with some basic knowledge of where the male reproductive system and its components come into play in regard to the topic of male infertility. The images used are all referenced appropriately and assists in understanding where each component is located and what they look like. The tabulated data of the different types of male infertility allows the readers to easily understand the different kinds and what their relative symptoms are easily. Good job on that! The use of video is nice to see, it has relevance to your topic.

Regarding information within the section ‘Major Causes of Infertility’, the information provided is awesome, however there just seems to be too much information crammed into small paragraphs which makes it quite draining to read. There are many terms which some readers may not know or understand, so I recommend using a glossary to help sort this problem out  maybe simplify the information (if you can) or break up into more paragraphs to make it easier to read and digest. There are some sections which have no information, however I know that these will be filled by the submission date. The large amount of references is indicative of how much work went into the wikipage for your group!

Good work guys!!

Group 5

Great work so far on your wikipage guys, even just at first glance it is clear how much research and work was put in to make this page what it is. The amount of information that has been provided on the page is quite substantial. Within the contents table at the top of the page, each section has been broken down accordingly allowing ease of navigation for those who wish to know more about Oncofertility. The introduction provides us with a nice description of what Oncofertility is as well as a definition of the term ‘infertility’ which is helpful to those who do not know much information regarding the terms

I think that some information can be split up into more paragraphs, especially information in the subheading ‘Radiation’, currently it is just a wall of text which makes it extremely hard to focus and understand all the words. Seeing as it is a procedure, maybe someone can include a hand-drawn image of the process and how affects the body?

Information in the other sections are well organised and provides useful relevant information as well as providing deeper knowledge into certain techniques, chemicals and cancer cells in general. The information is a good addition (for both cancer cells and chemotherapy  however there is no referencing available to be found for both your videos. I think more images (hand-drawn or from other resources) need to be added to balance out the amount of text you have on your page.

The overall structure other than the main subheadings that you currently have could be improved as some sections are just too long and cover a too broad information to be just kept under one subheading. Make use of more dot points to summarise the information. The table under Fertility preservation in women was concise and provides easy to read data, however the colouring of the background makes it hard to distinguish where each section of the box finishes and ends (maybe I’m colour-blind). I also think that it might be helpful to add a glossary to the bottom of your wikipage as there are quite a lot of terms that people may not understand 

Overall great work on your wikipage, I look forward to reading the final version!! Good luck!

Group 6

Skimming through the page, it is clear that a lot of research has been done to make this page what it is, each subheading is well thought out (maybe a overdone a bit by the additional sub-subheadings) and allows a transition. However there is a crucial part of the page is missing, the introduction. By not having an introduction at the beginning of the page, the project just jumps straight into information giving no clues as to what the project will be covering overall. It would be nice to have a concise definition of Artificial Reproductive Technologies (maybe replace ‘ART’ for the full word for the wikipage heading) The history has some nice information, but I think it can be improved by making use of tables or a graph for each of the dates, or even dot points to break the constant text.

Overall in the other sections, the pictures are nice and are references appropriately and the use of table is nice (might be a bit dark to see the writing clearly). I think that some of the information can be broken up into small paragraphs rather than having one paragraph with around 30~40 sentences as it breaks down the information into easily digestible parts considering the amount of information which has been provided.

The advantages and disadvantages of ART have been mentioned clearly without using lots of text, it makes the information easy to understand. I also think that more images are needed considering the widespread nature of the topic you have chosen, maybe some hand drawn images for those which you cannot find copyright information or a video to explain some of the procedures. Some grammar and formatting should be done before final submission to ensure that all sections are uniform in their font and sizing.

Great work on finding all the information and making this page so far!! Good luck

--Mark Hill (talk) 13:45, 7 November 2015 (AEST) (17/20)

Lab Assessment

Cillary Body

The cillary body is the section of the eye which houses the cillary muscle, which works to control the shape of the lens, and also the cillary epithelium, which produces the aqueous humor. It is a circular thickening of the walls within the eyes which divides the vitreous body from the posterior chamber. The inner layer is transparent and continuous with the neural tissues of the retina whilst the outer layer is highly pigmented and runs continuous with the retinal pigment epithelium and forms the cells of the dilator muscle.

Embryology Link Vision - Retina Development#Retinal Pigment Epithelium

--Mark Hill (talk) 13:45, 7 November 2015 (AEST) (5/5)


<pubmed>26244658</pubmed> Look at this aye [2]

  1. <pubmed>25191937</pubmed>|[1]
  2. <pubmed>26244657</pubmed>

--Mark Hill (talk) 13:45, 7 November 2015 (AEST) Stem Cell Presentation (17/20)

--Mark Hill (talk) 20:42, 3 November 2015 (AEDT) CATEI submitted (5)

Test student 2015 Please do not use your real name on this website, use only your student number.

2015 Course: Week 2 Lecture 1 Lecture 2 Lab 1 | Week 3 Lecture 3 Lecture 4 Lab 2 | Week 4 Lecture 5 Lecture 6 Lab 3 | Week 5 Lecture 7 Lecture 8 Lab 4 | Week 6 Lecture 9 Lecture 10 Lab 5 | Week 7 Lecture 11 Lecture 12 Lab 6 | Week 8 Lecture 13 Lecture 14 Lab 7 | Week 9 Lecture 15 Lecture 16 Lab 8 | Week 10 Lecture 17 Lecture 18 Lab 9 | Week 11 Lecture 19 Lecture 20 Lab 10 | Week 12 Lecture 21 Lecture 22 Lab 11 | Week 13 Lecture 23 Lecture 24 Lab 12 | 2015 Projects: Three Person Embryos | Ovarian Hyper-stimulation Syndrome | Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome | Male Infertility | Oncofertility | Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis | Students | Student Designed Quiz Questions | Moodle page

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