File:Listeria maternal-fetal barrier.jpg

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Model of L. monocytogenes mechanisms for breaching the maternal-fetal barrier

L. monocytogenes is subjected to multiple bottlenecks when infecting the placenta. Our data support extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVT) as the primary portal of entry.

  1. Relatively few L. monocytogenes reach the maternal decidua, carried by phagocytes. These can infect extravillous cytotrophoblasts by cell-to-cell spread, or by lysing the leukocyte and subsequently infecting extravillous cytotrophoblasts via InlA-E-cadherin interactions.
  2. Extravillous cytotrophoblasts further winnow bacterial numbers by delaying the L. monocytogenes intracellular life cycle. If infection progresses, bacteria spread through subsyncytial cytotrophoblasts.
  3. The basement membrane underlying these cells presents a third barrier, which few bacteria cross to invade the fetal stroma (STR). On the other hand, L. monocytogenes in the blood contacts only the syncytiotrophoblast (SYN), which is highly resistant to both internalin-mediated infection and intercellular spread. However, it is possible that sites of syncytial damage provide access to subsyncytial cytotrophoblasts. In vivo, such sites are rapidly covered by fibrinoid clots [28] that may present yet another physical barrier to infection.


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Reference

<pubmed>20107601</pubmed>| PLoS

Citation: Robbins JR, Skrzypczynska KM, Zeldovich VB, Kapidzic M, Bakardjiev AI (2010) Placental Syncytiotrophoblast Constitutes a Major Barrier to Vertical Transmission of Listeria monocytogenes. PLoS Pathog 6(1): e1000732. doi:10.1371/journal.ppat.1000732

Copyright

© 2010 Robbins et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, March 3) Embryology Listeria maternal-fetal barrier.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Listeria_maternal-fetal_barrier.jpg

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current01:03, 22 April 2010Thumbnail for version as of 01:03, 22 April 2010600 × 522 (49 KB)S8600021 (talk | contribs)Model of L. monocytogenes mechanisms for breaching the maternal-fetal barrier. L. monocytogenes is subjected to multiple bottlenecks when infecting the placenta. Our data support extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVT) as the primary portal of entry. First (