Difference between revisions of "Carnegie Stage Comparison"

From Embryology
(Data For Carnegie Stages Comparison Graph (Species/Days))
(References)
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== References ==
 
== References ==
=== Human ===
+
<references />
O'Rahilly''' Early human development and the chief source of information on staged human embryos.''' Eur. J. Obstet. Gynec. Reprod. Biol. '''9''' p273 (1979)
 
  
[[Embryonic_Development|Embryonic Development]]
 
 
=== Baboon ===
 
Hendrickx '''Embryology of the baboon.''' University of Chicago Press.
 
 
=== Rhesus Monkey ===
 
Hendrickx and Sawey '''Embryology of the rhesus monkey. The Rhesus Monkey''', Bourne (ed), Academic Press, NY (1975)
 
 
=== Marmoset ===
 
Phillips '''The embryology of the common marmoset.''' Adv.
 
 
=== Mouse ===
 
Theiler '''The house mouse.''' Springer-Verlag, NY (1972)
 
 
[[Mouse Development]]
 
=== Rat ===
 
Witschi '''Growth.''' Altman and Dittmer (ed), Fed. Soc. Exp. Biol., Washington (1962)
 
 
[[Rat Development]]
 
=== Chinese Hamster ===
 
Donkelaar '''Stages in the prenatal development of the chinese hamster.''' Anat. Embryol. '''156''' p1 (1979)
 
 
=== Guinea Pig ===
 
Harman and Prickett '''The development of the external form of the guinea-pig between the ages of 11 and 20 days of gestation.''' Am. J. Anat. '''49''' p351 (1932)
 
 
[[Guinea Pig Development]]
 
=== Rabbit ===
 
Edwards '''The external development of the rabbit and rat embryo.''' Advances in teratology, Vol 3, Woollam (ed), Academic Press, NY (1968)
 
 
[[Rabbit Development]]
 
=== Sheep ===
 
Bryden''' Embryology of the sheep.''' J. Morphology '''138''' p169 (1972)
 
 
[[Sheep Development]]
 
 
=== Pig ===
 
Marrable '''The embryonic pig.''' A chronological account. Pitman Medical, London (1971)
 
 
[[Pig Development]]
 
 
=== Chicken ===
 
Hamburger and Hamilton '''A series of normal stages in the development of the chick embryo.''' J. Morph. 88 p49 (1951)
 
 
Butler and Juurlink '''An atlas for staging mammalian and chick embryos.''' CRC Press Inc., Florida (1987)
 
  
 
[[Chicken Development]]
 
[[Chicken Development]]

Revision as of 18:24, 3 June 2011

Introduction

Stages are based on the external and/or internal morphological development of the vertebrate embryo, and are not directly dependent on either age or size. The human embryonic period proper is divided into 23 Carnegie stages. Criteria beyond morphological features include age in days, number of somites present, and embryonic length.

As this staging can be applied to all vertebrates, and most vertebrate embryos develop during the embryonic period in much the same way, we can directly compare the timing of development for different species.

From the table you can see that to reach the end of embryonic development, Carnegie stage 23, can take from as little as 10 days in chickens to nearly 60 days in humans.

Carnegie is the name of a historical US Institute that historically categorised these developmental stages, and continues to study embryology today.

Species Comparison of Carnegie Stages

Carnegie stages species.gif

Data For Carnegie Stages Comparison Graph (Species/Days)

Species Stage
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
Human[1] Days 20 22 24 28 30 33 36 40 42 44 48 52 54 55 58
Baboon[2] Days 23 25 27 28 29 30 31 33 35 37 39 41 43 45 47
Rhesus Monkey[3] Days 21 22 25 28 29 30 32 34 36 37 38 40 42 44 46
Marmoset[4] Days 57 60 64 67 74
Mouse Days 9 9.5 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16
Rat Days 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17 17.5
Chinese Hamster Days 10 10.5 11 11.5 12 12.5 13 13.5 14 14.5 15 15.5 16 16.5 17
Guinea Pig Days 14.5 15 15.5 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 29
Rabbit Days 8 8.5 9.5 10.5 11 12 12.5 13.5 14 14.5 15.5 16 16.5 17 18
Sheep Days 15 16 17.5 18.5 19.5 20.5 22 23 24.5 25.5 27.5 29.5 30 33
Pig Days 14 15 16 17 18 19 20.5 21.5 23 24 25.5 27.5 29 30.5 32.5
Chicken Days 1 1.5 2 2.25 2.5 3 3.25 3.75 4.75 5.5 6.25 7.25 7.75 8.5 10
Dog Days 27 28 29 30 34 36 37


Source: Butler, H. and Juurlink, B.H.J. An atlas for staging mammalian and chick embryos. CRC Press Inc., Florida (1987) and specific references listed below.

References

  1. <pubmed>400868</pubmed>
  2. Hendrickx Embryology of the baboon. University of Chicago Press.
  3. Hendrickx and Sawey Embryology of the rhesus monkey. The Rhesus Monkey, Bourne (ed), Academic Press, NY (1975)
  4. <pubmed>827927</pubmed>


Chicken Development

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, October 16) Embryology Carnegie Stage Comparison. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Carnegie_Stage_Comparison

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© Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G