File:Norman Gregg.jpg

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Norman Gregg (1892-1966)

Norman Gregg (1892-1966) was a Sydney ophthalmologist who in 1941[1] identified the link between maternal rubella infection and developmental abnormalities (atypical congenital cataracts, congenital heart defects, infants small-for-gestational age) initially in his own practice. This had coincided with a rubella epidemic that occurred between 1940 to 1941.

"In the first half of the year, 1941, an unusual number of cases of congenital cataract made their appearance in Sydney. Cases of similar type, which appeared during the same period, have since been reported from widely separated parts of Australia. Their frequency, unusual characteristics and wide distribution warranted closer investigation, and this report is an attempt to bring to notice some of the more important features of what might almost be regarded as a mild epidemic.
I am indebted to many of my colleagues in New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland for particuars of very many of the cases reviewed. These, for the most part, conform very closely to the general features noted in my own series of cases on which the following description is based. The total number of cases included in this review is seventy-eight. My own cases total thirteen, and in addition I have seen seven others included in my colleagues’ lists."

Links: Norman Gregg

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Historic Embryology - Viral 
1941 Rubella Cataracts | 1944 Rubella Defects


  1. Gregg N. McA. Congenital cataract following German measles in the mother. Trans Ophthalmol Soc Aust 1941;3:35–46. | <pubmed>1879476</pubmed>| PMC2272051 | PDF


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, February 28) Embryology Norman Gregg.jpg. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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current16:32, 8 June 2011Thumbnail for version as of 16:32, 8 June 2011331 × 400 (24 KB)S8600021 (talk | contribs)==Norman Gregg (1892-1966)== category:Abnormal Development