File:Somite cartoon5.png

From Embryology

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5. Somite Development - Loss of the Somite

Neural crest cells will migrate beside and through somite and finally the somite structure is lost and spreads as the 3 component parts.

  1. Sclerotome - from the left and right somite at each level will engulf the notochord. This transient structure is then resegmented to form the axial skeleton, vertebra and intervertebral discs.
  2. Dermatome - forms a thick band in the dorsal region of the embryo. This will then spread ventrally under the surface ectoderm (epidermis) to form the dermis of the skin.
  3. Myotome - from the ventrolateral lip of the dermomyotome, spreads both dorsally and ventrally to eventually form skeletal muscle cells.
    1. Dorsally - the epimere which in turn forms epaxial muscles, located behind the vertebral column.
    2. Ventrally - the hypomere, which in turn forms hypaxial muscles, located on the ventral body wall and somites at the level of the limbs will also form limb muscles.

Note - the cartoons show just the embryo righthand side mesoderm development (the same events occur on the lefthand side).

Somite Links: 1 paraxial | 2 early somite | 3 sclerotome and dermomyotome | 4 dermatome and myotome | 5 somite spreading | SEM image - Human Embryo (week 4) showing somites | Movie - somitogenesis Hes expression

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, June 12) Embryology Somite cartoon5.png. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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current18:01, 16 May 2014Thumbnail for version as of 18:01, 16 May 2014400 × 300 (27 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)
10:43, 10 August 2009Thumbnail for version as of 10:43, 10 August 2009270 × 209 (6 KB)MarkHill (talk | contribs)Somite Development cartoon 5 Neural crest cells migrate beside and through somite. The myotome differentiates to form 2 components dorsally the epimere and ventrally the hypomere, which in turn form epaxial and hypaxial muscles respectively. The bulk of