Talk:Embryology History

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, May 8) Embryology Embryology History. Retrieved from

Reference handbook of the medical sciences

Descriptio monstrorum nonnullorum cum corollariis anatomico-physiologicus (1826)

Description of monsters, some of the anatomical-physiological corollaries

by Meckel, J. F. (Johann Friedrich), 1781-1833; Royal College of Physicians of London

Language Latin

Meckel, J. F. (Johann Friedrich)

Manual of general, descriptive, and pathological anatomy (Volume 1) (1831)

by Meckel, J. F. (Johann Friedrich), 1781-1833; Jourdan, A. J. L. (Antoine Jacques Louis),

Manual of general, descriptive, and pathological anatomy (Volume 2) (1832)

by Meckel, J. F. (Johann Friedrich), 1781-1833; Jourdan, A. J. L. (Antoine Jacques Louis),

Language English

Manual of general, descriptive, and pathological anatomy (Volume 3) (1832)

by Meckel, J. F. (Johann Friedrich), 1781-1833; Jourdan, A. J. L. (Antoine Jacques Louis),

Vertebrate Embryology

Frazer, JE. The Disappearance of the Precervical Sinus. J Anat. 1926 Oct;61(Pt 1):132-43. PMID 17104123

A Human Ovum at the Previllous Stage J. H. Dible, C. M. West J Anat. 1941 April; 75(Pt 3): 269–281. PMID 1252640

Johnston, T. B. 1940. An early human embryo, with 0.55 mm. long embryonic shield. J. Anat, 75, 1-49.

--Mark Hill (talk) 11:13, 20 February 2014 (EST) These notes and related links are currently being moved to their own namespace History.

Historic Textbooks

1947 - Hamilton W. J. Early Stages of Human Development [1] Early Stages of Human Development by W. J. Hamilton (1947)


Requiring editing

Book - Uterus And Embryo (1889)

Book - Uterus And Embryo (1889)

Book - Uterus And Embryo - Rabbit (1889)

Book - Uterus And Embryo - Man (1889)

Human Embryology (1897)

Human Embryology by Charles Sedgwick Minot (1897)

A laboratory text-book of embryology (1903)

Book - A Laboratory Text-Book of Embryology (1903)

The Monotreme Skull - A Contribution to Mammalian Morphogenesis

The Monotreme Skull: A Contribution to Mammalian Morphogenesis (January 1, 1916)

Paper_-_The Monotreme Skull - A Contribution to Mammalian Morphogenesis

Contributions to the history of development of the human brain

Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des menschlichen Gehirns (1919)

Contributions to the History of Development of the Human Brain

Human Embryology and Morphology

Development of the nine-banded armadillo from the primitive streak stage to birth: with especial reference to the question of specific polyembryony

Author: Newman, Horatio Hackett, b. 1875; Patterson, John Thomas, 1878- Subject: Embryology -- Mammals; Armadillos Publisher: Boston Year: 1906 Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT

The eggs of mammals

Author: Pincus, Gregory, 1903-1967 Subject: Ovum; Embryology -- Mammals; Mammals -- physiology; Ovum Publisher: New York, The Macmillan Company Year: 1936


Anatomy of a foetus of Balaenoptera borealis

Balaenoptera borealis is a baleen whale.

Author: Schulte, Hermann von Wechlinger, 1876- Subject: Embryology -- Mammals; Sei whale Publisher: New York Year: 1916 Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT

The Frog Its Reproduction and Development

By Roberts Rugh, Ph.D.

The Blakiston Company 1951

Book - The Frog Its Reproduction and Development

No known copyright restrictions as determined by scanning institution.

The development of the human body: a manual of human embryology

James Playfair McMurrich

P. Blakiston's son & co., 1902 - 511 pages

The Development of the Human Body: A Manual of Human Embryology (1902)

The Development of the Human Body: A Manual of Human Embryology (1907)

Human anatomy, including structure and development and practical considerations (1911)

Atlas and text-book of human anatomy (1914)

Newborn skull - (p83)

Textbook of human embryology

Cleveland Sylvester Simkins

F.A. Davis company, 1931 - Medical - 469 pages

The disease and deformities of the fetus

J.W. Ballantyne

Oliver & Boyd, Edinburgh (1892)

Manual of antenatal pathology and hygiene; The Embryo (1902)

Manual of antenatal pathology and hygiene; The Foetus (1902)

Manual of antenatal pathology and hygiene

by J.W. Ballantyne.

Published 1902 by W. Green in Edinburgh.

Uterus and embryo : I. Rabbit : II. Man (1889)

Author: Minot, Charles Sedgwick, 1852-1914

Uterine and tubal gestation. A study of the embedding and development of the human ovum, the early growth of the embryo, and the development of the syncytium and placental gland (1903)

Author: Bandler, Samuel Wyllis, 1869-1932


Development of a bird embryo

Human Reproduction

Audio Productions, Inc.

Though this sex education film concentrates on presenting the anatomy and physiology of human reproduction in sober medical terms, its release kicked off a controversy in many American cities and towns over the legitimacy of sex education in the public schools. The film is narrated from the point of view of an adult who tries to decide how to answer his son's natural questions about sex and reproduction...

In the Beginning

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Dairy Industry, Extension Service, Division of Motion Pictures

Fundamentals of mammalian reproduction, presented through animation, photomicrography and natural photography.

Development of a Salamander

Yale University, Department of Biology

Early biological film.

Spiegel and Casseri

Spiegel and Casseri: De formato foetu liber singularis (1626)

Adriaan van den Spiegel (1578-1625)

Published posthumously by Spigelius' son-in-law, the physician Liberalis L. Crema of Padua.


Regnier de Graaf

Regnier de Graaf (1641 - 1673), a Dutch physician and anatomist. Doctoral thesis on the pancreas, identified the function of the ovarian follicle (named Graafian follicle), the final mature antral follicle released by ovulation.

De Graaf R. De virorum organis generationi inservientibus, de clysteribus et de usu siphonis in anatomia. Ex officina Hackiana, Lugd. Batav. et Roterod. 1668.

De Graaf R. De mulierum organis generationi inservientibus tractatus novus. Ex officina Hackiana, Lugd. Batav. 1672.

R. De Graaf. Alle de wercken, Abraham Abrahamse, Amsterdam (1686).


Houtzager HL. Reinier De Graaf and his contribution to reproductive biology. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2000 Jun;90(2):125-7. No abstract available.

Jay V. A portrait in history. The legacy of Reinier de Graaf. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2000 Aug;124(8):1115-6. No abstract available.

Setchell BP. The contributions of Regnier de Graaf to reproductive biology. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1974;4(1):1-13. No abstract available.

Wiesemann C. [Regnier de Graaf (1641-1673)] Pathologe. 1991 Nov;12(6):352-3. German. No abstract available.

Mann RJ. Regnier de Graaf, 1641-1673, investigator. Fertil Steril. 1976 Apr;27(4):466-8. No abstract available.

Modlin IM. Regnier de Graaf: Paris, purging, and the pancreas. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2000 Mar;30(2):109-13. No abstract available.

Paul Portal

Paul Portal: The Compleat Practice of Men and Women Midwives (1705)

"Paul Portal (1630-1703), French obstetrician, originally published this important treatise in Paris in 1696. It includes his demonstration of turning a fetus during childbirth using one foot and contains his teaching that face presentation runs a normal course during the labor process."

Historical Medical Digital Library:

Govard Bidloo

Bidloo, Govard (1649 - 1713) Ontleding des menschelyken lichaams, Amsterdam: By de weduwe van Joannes van Someren, de erfgenaamen van Joannes van Dyk, Hendrik en de weduwe van Dirk Boom, 1690.


Wilhelm Braune

Braune, Wilhelm (1831-1892): Topographisch-anatomischer Atlas : nach Durchschnitten an gefrornen Cadavern, Leipzig: Verlag von Veit & Comp., 1867-1872. (Topographic-anatomical Atlas)


William Smellie

William Smellie: A sett of anatomical tables, with explanations, and an abridgment, of the practice of midwifery (1754)

He also helped develop the delivery forceps which by the late eighteenth century were a well-known standard obstetrical instrument.


William Hunter

William Hunter (1718-1783) Anatomia uteri humani gravidi tabulis illustrata = The anatomy of the human gravid uterus exhibited in figures (1774)


Institute and Museum of the History of Science

"Specimens of obstetric models: the wax models are life-sized; the terracotta versions are reduced to a 1:3 scale. Together with the anatomical waxes in the Specola Museum in Florence, these models are among the most significant examples of the use of artistic techniques for teaching medicine and obstetrics to midwives and surgery students in Florentine hospitals at the end of the eighteenth century."

Links: Institute and Museum of the History of Science (Italy) Room XVIII. Surgery and obstetrics | IMSS - where we are | La Specola Museum (Italy)


Kollmann, Julius Konstantin Ernst, 1834-1918 Professor extraordinarius, Munich University, 1870–8; professor of anatomy, Basel University, 1878–1913.

A History of Science by Henry Smith Williams, M.D., LL.D. assisted by Edward H. Williams, M.D.

A 5 volume set of texts published early in the 20th century. I recommend reading the 5 volumes as they are an interesting read and written with a different "feel" in language to those texts written today where brevity is carried to such lengths as to make most writings either bland or uninteresting.

Volume 1 | Volume 2 | Volume 3 | Volume 4 | Volume 5 |

History Pages

Page 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5
Arabian Medicine | Mediaeval | The great anatomists | The coming of Harvey | Leeuwenhoek16th and 17th Medicine | Philosopher-Scientists | 18C Anat/Physiol | Part 2 | Part 3 | 19th C Anat/ Phys Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Evolution Part 1 | Part 2 | Medicine 18th | 19th Pt1 | 19th Pt2 | Brain and Mind | Brain Structure

Internal Links History

IntroductionEarly History 1600-1700Arabian MedicineMediaevalThe great AnatomistsHarveyLeeuwenhoek 16th and 17th MedicinePhilosopher-Scientists18C Anat/Physiol Part 2 Part 319C Anat/Physiol Part 2 Part 3Evolution Part 1 Part 2Medicine 18C Medicine19C Medicine Part 1 Part 2Brain and MindBrain StructureHistorical Anatomies1880 Wilhelm His1914 FW Thyng1935 Hans Spemann[../Child/apgar.htm 1953 Virginia Apgar]1965 Le Douarin2001 Robert Winston[../education/education.htm Education]

Online History Citations

Free Full Text (38)

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15: Azizi MH. Gondishapur School of Medicine: the most important medical center in antiquity. Arch Iran Med. 2008 Jan;11(1):116-9. PubMed PMID: 18154434.

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18: Shoja MM, Tubbs RS. The history of anatomy in Persia. J Anat. 2007 Apr;210(4):359-78. PubMed PMID: 17428200; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2100290.

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Early Human References

1: Plaut A, Galenson E. Concretions in the Anterior Pituitary Lobe of the Human Embryo and the Newborn. Am J Pathol. 1944 Mar;20(2):223-37.

PMID 19970749


2: Hamilton WJ, Gladstone RJ. A presomite human embryo (Shaw): the implantation. J Anat. 1942 Jan;76(Pt 2):187-203.

PMID 17104888


3: Gladstone RJ, Hamilton WJ. A presomite human embryo (Shaw) with primitive streak and chorda canal, with special reference to the development of the vascular system. J Anat. 1941 Oct;76(Pt 1):9-44.7. PMID 17104882 Central PMC1252713.

4: Odgers PN. A presomite human embryo with a neurenteric canal (embryo R.S.). J Anat. 1941 Jul;75(Pt 4):381-388.3. PMID 17104868


5: Johnston TB. An early human embryo, with 0.55 mm. long embryonic shield. J Anat. 1940 Oct;75(Pt 1):1-49. PMID 17104837


6: Baxter JS, Boyd JD. Observations on the neural crest of a ten-somite human embryo. J Anat. 1939 Jan;73(Pt 2):318-326.3. PMID 17104759; PubMed Central PMC1252511.

7: Payne BF. Coloboma of the Optic Nerve in the Human Embryo. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1939;37:458-64. PMID 16693203


8: West CM. A Human Embryo of Twenty-five Somites. J Anat. 1937 Jan;71(Pt 2):169-200.1. PMID 17104635


9: Florian J, Hill JP. An Early Human Embryo (No. 1285, Manchester Collection), with Capsular Attachment of the Connecting Stalk. J Anat. 1935 Jul;69(Pt 4):399-411. PMID 17104547


10: Hunter RH. Extroversion of the Cerebral Hemispheres in a Human Embryo. J Anat. 1934 Oct;69(Pt 1):82-5. PMID 17104519


11: Koff AK. Development of the vagina in the human fetus. Contrib Embryol. 1933 Sep;24(140):59-91. PMID 12332362.

12: Johnston TB. Partial Duplication of the Notochord in a Human Embryo of 11 mm. Greatest Length. J Anat. 1931 Oct;66(Pt 1):48-9. PMID 17104357; PubMed Central PMC1249207.



14: Allen E, Pratt JP, Newell QU, Bland L. Recovery of human ova from the uterine tubes. J Am Med Assoc. 1928;91(14):1018-20. PMID 12332297.

15: Girgis A. Description of a Human Embryo of Twenty-two paired Somites. J Anat. 1926 Jul;60(Pt 4):382-410.1. PMID 17104111


16: Thompson P. A Human Embryo with Head-Process and Commencing Archenteric Canal. J Anat. 1923 Oct;58(Pt 1):1-20. PMID 17103992; Central


17: Mann IC. Absence of the Lens occurring in the Human Embryo. J Anat. 1922 Jan;56(Pt 2):96-7. PMID 17103946


18: Mann IC. AN APHAKIC HUMAN EMBRYO. Br J Ophthalmol. 1921 Dec;5(12):572-3.

PMID 18168161


19: Mann IC. A Specimen of Congenital Aphakia occurring in a Human Embryo of Five to Six Weeks. Proc R Soc Med. 1921;14(Sect Ophthalmol):64. PMID 19981976;

Central PMC2152350.

20: Waterston D. Developmental Changes in the Pericardium, the Mesocardia, and the Pleural Sacs in the Human Embryo. J Anat Physiol. 1915 Oct;50(Pt 1):24-9.

PMID 17233049


21: Waterston D. A Human Embryo of Twenty-seven Pairs of Somites, Embedded in Decidua. J Anat Physiol. 1914 Oct;49(Pt 1):90-118.

PMID 17233016 Central PMC1288995.

22: Barniville HL. The Morphology and Histology of a Human Embryo of 8.5 mm. J Anat Physiol. 1914 Oct;49(Pt 1):1-71. PMID 17233012; Central


23: Dickie JK. The Anatomy of the Head End of a 20-mm. Human Embryo. J Anat Physiol. 1914 Jul;48(Pt 4):445-60. PMID 17233010


24: Blaisdell FE. Measurements on a Human Embryo 30 mm. Long. J Anat Physiol. 1914 Jan;48(Pt 2):182-209. PMID 17232990


25: Waterston D. A very Young Human Embryo found embedded in a "Decidual Cast" of the Uterus. Proc R Soc Med. 1914;7(Obstet Gynaecol Sect):353-7. PMID: 19978039


26: Jenkins GJ. Some Features of the Auditory Apparatus of a 16 mm. Human Embryo, as shown in a Reconstruction Model (by the Wax-plate method of Born). Proc R Soc Med. 1910;3(Otol Sect):34-5. PMID 19974624


27: Patten CJ. External Features of an Early Human Embryo with a Distended Amnion. J Anat Physiol. 1909 Apr;43(Pt 3):235-41. PMID 17232803; PubMed Central PMC1289183.

28: Low A. Description of a Human Embryo of 13-14 Mesodermic Somites. J Anat Physiol. 1908 Apr;42(Pt 3):237-51. PMID 17232769


29: Thompson P. Description of a Human Embryo of Twenty-Three Paired Somites. J Anat Physiol. 1907 Apr;41(Pt 3):159-71. PMID 17232726; Central


30: Buxton BH. Photographs of a Series of Sections of an Early Human Embryo. J Anat Physiol. 1899 Apr;33(Pt 3):381-526.29. PMID 17232381; Central

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