Book - Human Embryology (1897)

From Embryology
Embryology - 4 Mar 2024    Facebook link Pinterest link Twitter link  Expand to Translate  
Google Translate - select your language from the list shown below (this will open a new external page)

العربية | català | 中文 | 中國傳統的 | français | Deutsche | עִברִית | हिंदी | bahasa Indonesia | italiano | 日本語 | 한국어 | မြန်မာ | Pilipino | Polskie | português | ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਦੇ | Română | русский | Español | Swahili | Svensk | ไทย | Türkçe | اردو | ייִדיש | Tiếng Việt    These external translations are automated and may not be accurate. (More? About Translations)

Minot CS. Human Embryology. (1897) London: The Macmillan Company.

Online Editor  
Mark Hill.jpg
This historic 1897 embryology textbook by Minot is one of earliest in English to describe human development. PDF version

See also his later textbook A Laboratory Text-Book Of Embryology.

First edition - Minot CS. A Laboratory Text-Book Of Embryology. (1903) Philadelphia:P. Blakiston's Son & Co.

Second edition - Minot CS. A Laboratory Text-Book Of Embryology. (1917) Philadelphia:P. Blakiston's Son & Co.

Minot Links: Harvard Collection | 1889 Uterus And Embryo - Rabbit | 1905 Harvard Embryological Collection |1897 Human Embryology | 1903 A Laboratory Text-Book of Embryology | 1905 Normal Plates of Rabbit Embryo Development | Category:Charles Minot

See also: Historic Embryology Textbooks

History Links: Historic Embryology Papers | Historic Embryology Textbooks | Embryologists | Historic Vignette | Historic Periods | Historic Terminology | Human Embryo Collections | Carnegie Contributions | 17-18th C Anatomies | Embryology Models | Category:Historic Embryology
Historic Papers: 1800's | 1900's | 1910's | 1920's | 1930's | 1940's | 1950's | 1960's | 1970's | 1980's
Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
Mark Hill.jpg
Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

Human Embryology

title page

Charles Sedgwick Minot

Professor of Histology and Human Embryology Harvard Medical School, Boston

Four Hundred And Sixty-Three Illustrations

New York
The Macmillan Company

London: Macmillan & Co.. Ltd. 1897

Copyright by Charles Sedgwick Minot


To Carl Ludwig

Professor Of Physiology at the University Of Leipzig

In Token of respect, gratitude, and affection this work Is dedicated by the author.
Carl Ludwig.jpg

Carl Ludwig (1816-1895)


Charles Sedgwick Minot
Charles Sedgwick Minot

The following attempt to present a comprehensive summary of Embryology, as it bears upon the problems of human development, is the result of ten years' labor. I have endeavored to become familiar with the principal facts by my own observation, and with the results of the principal numerous investigations, working over the material into satisfactory form. The reader will find, nevertheless, imperfections of which I am conscious, and perhaps errors, for which I must be responsible. There is probably not a page which might not be enriched with facts already recorded by investigators; certainly not a page which would not be improved by further revision. Notwithstanding these defects, I have the hope that the book will be a useful contribution toward that final and exhaustive collation of embryological facts which the future alone can give us.

I have sought to form an unbiased judgment upon each question, to accept facts of observation without regard to their supposed theoretical bearings ; and to pay due attention to both Schools of Embryology, the Phylogenetic and the Anatomical, in the belief that both are justified. Whenever I have inserted a new observation or opinion, it is indicated as such by the use of the first person. In making my compilation, I have drawn constantly from the embryological manuals of KoUiker, Oskar Hertwig, Balfour and Duval; from the researches of W. His, and from the writings, especially the " Entwickelungsgeschichte der Unke," of Alexander Goette.

In regard to the technical terms, I have made certain innovations.

It seems to me important to make the nmnber of terms as small as is compatible with clearness, and to avoid duplication. Accordingly I have discarded the words "epiblast, mesoblast and hypoblast," Further it has seemed to me that, as a thorough knowledge of German is indispensable to the student of embryology, it is justifiable, where no English equivalent is to be found, to adopt such unaltered German terms as have been fully established in embryological literature. Where there has occurred an accepted term in English, French, or German, I have used it in preference to a Greek or Latin derivative.

Whatever merit this work may possess should be attributed to the training in scientific research which I received in Germany and France. I cannot too gratefully acknowledge the unlimited kindness shown me while a student in Leipzig under Professor Carl Ludwig and Professor Rudolph Leuckart; in Paris under Professor Leon Ranvier; and in Wiirzburg under Professor Carl Semper. I would also here express my gratitude to Professor Wilhelm His, to whom I am particularly indebted for his great generosity in permitting me to study his unique embryological collection in Leipzig ; also to the large number of physicians, both in Europe and America, who have supplied me with material to carry on my investigations in human embryology.

Charles Sedgwick Minot.

Harvard Medical School,

Boston, Mass., July 26, 1892.

Table of Contents

  1. The Genital Products
    1. History of the Genoblasts and the Theory of Sex
  2. The Germ-Layers
    1. Segmentation; Formation of the Diaderm
    2. Concrescence: the Primitive Streak
    3. The Mesoderm and the Coelom
    4. General Remarks on the Germ-Layers
  3. The Embryo
    1. The Medullary Groove, Notochord and Neurenteric Canals
    2. Divisions of the Coelom ; Origin of the Mesenchyma
    3. Origin of the Blood, Blood- Vessels and Heart
    4. Origin of the Urogenital System
    5. The Archenteron and the Gill Clefts
    6. The Germinal Area, the Embryo and its Appendages
  4. The Foetal Appendages
    1. The Chorion
    2. The Amnion and Proamnion
    3. The Yolk Sack, Allantois and Umbilical Cord
    4. The Placenta
  5. The Foetus
    1. Growth and External Development of the Embryo and Foetus
    2. The Mesenchymal Tissues
    3. The Skeleton and Limbs
    4. The Muscular System
    5. The Splanchnocoele and Diaphragm
    6. The Urogenital System
    7. Transformations of the Heart and Blood-Vessels
    8. The Epidermal System
    9. The Mouth Cavity and Face
    10. The Nervous System
    11. The Sense Organs
    12. The Entodermal Canal