Neural Exam - Newborn head circumference

From Embryology
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Newborn n 28.jpg
Measuring Head Circumference - This 5-day-old infant is in the alert, quiet state.
  • It is very important to measure the head circumference, which sometimes is referred to as the OFC (occipital-frontal circumference) because the measurement is obtained by placing the measuring tape around the most prominent aspect of the frontal and occipital bones.
  • The most accurate measurements are obtained with a plastic tape measure rather than a paper tape measure because the paper can stretch.
  • The head circumference measurement should be plotted on a standardized head growth chart for the appropriate sex.

Links: head circumference | neonatal | CRL | ultrasound
Neural Exam Movies: normal behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎ | Neonatal Diagnosis


The video below was developed by the INTERGROWTH group.

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Links: YouTube

Movie Source - Paul D. Larsen  
Movies from the PediNeuroLogic Exam website are used by permission of Paul D. Larsen, M.D., University of Nebraska Medical Center and Suzanne S. Stensaas, Ph.D., University of Utah School of Medicine. Additional materials were drawn from resources provided by Alejandro Stern, Stern Foundation, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Kathleen Digre, M.D., University of Utah; and Daniel Jacobson, M.D., Marshfield Clinic, Wisconsin. The movies are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommerical-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
Links: Neural Exam Movies | Movies

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, May 18) Embryology Neural Exam - Newborn head circumference. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G