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Fig. 7 Lateral Views of the Brain

A, 16—somite C.C.470;

B, 17~somite H951;

C, 22—somite H1093—all drawn from models and reduced to a magnification of 66% diameters. Note the absolute decrease in the size of the optic vesicle and the relations of the midbrain to the cranial fiexnre.

A’, B’. C’, are sections (nos. 28, 25, and 34, respectively) taken from the corresponding embryos and magnified 66% times. The region which in external view appears as optic vesicle is deeply stippled.

Externally, the optic vesicle first appears to spring from the greater part of the forebrain (fig. 7, A) and extends laterally, dorsally, and slightly caudad. Soon each vesicle is marked off from the forebrain wall by a deeper, caudally located groove and a shallow rostral sulcus (fig. 7, B). With the separation of the vesicle from the brain wall, these grooves become ventral and dorsal in position with reference to the forebrain, but not the embryo as a whole, as may be seen in figure 7, 0. They may accordingly be termed ventral and dorsal limiting sulci, respectively. In the 17 somite embryo the more caudal ventral sulcus, beginning almost at the torus, extends dorsally behind the optic vesicle and has begun to arch over it to become continuous with the dorsal sulcus which fades out at about the middle of the vesicle. From the ventricular surface we see (fig. 4) the optic ventricle opening into the third ventricle by a large oval orifice, bounded caudally (ventrally) by a strongly indented ridge which corresponds to the ventral limiting sulcus.


Abbreviations for all Figures
  • A.car.int., internal carotid artery
  • A.seg.dor., dorsal segmental arteries
  • A.urnb.d.-s., umbilical artery, right, left
  • All., allantois
  • Am., amnion
  • An.ao., aortic anastomosis
  • Ao.dor.d.-s., dorsal aorta, right, left
  • Ar.ao.d.-s.,I, II, aortic arches, right, left, I, II
  • Area br.III,IV, ectodermal areas of third or fourth visceral pouches
  • Area hy., ectodermal area of hyoid arch
  • Area P prin., principal trigeminal area (or the ectodermal area of placodal contributions)
  • Area mand., mandibular area
  • Area ophth, ophthalmic area
  • Atr.d.s., atrium, right, left
  • Atr.canal., atrial canal
  • Br.int.d.-s., internal gill rudiment, right, left
  • Bulb.ao., aortic bulb
  • Bulb.cor., bulbus cordis
  • Ch.dor., chorda dorsalis
  • Ch.sp., chorda spinalis
  • Coel., coelom
  • Coel.epith., coelomic epithelium
  • Coel.per., pericardial coelom
  • Cor, site of heart
  • Cr.neur.V, trigeminal neural crest
  • Cr.neur.VII—VIII, acousticofacial neural crest
  • Cr.neur.IX—X, glossopharyngeal vagal neural crest
  • Dien., diencephalon
  • Disc.inc., discus incepts
  • Disc.V, trigeminal area where the ectoderm fused with the underlying tissue (neural crest?)
  • Disc.VII, facial epibranchial placode
  • Disc.IX, glossopharyngeal epibranchial placode
  • Disc.X, vagal epibranchial placode
  • Duct.proneph., pronephric duct, primary excretory duct
  • Ect., ectoderm
  • Endocard., endocardium
  • Ent., entoderm
  • Pos.pre-op., preoptic fossa
  • Hep, primordium of liver (both medial and lateral thickening)
  • Inf., infundibulum
  • Int.caud., hindgut
  • Int.atr.sul., interatrial sulcus
  • Isth., isthmus
  • Memb.br.I, II, III, first, second or third branchial membranes.
  • Memb.buc., buccopharyngeal membrane
  • Memb.cl., cloacal membrane
  • Meschy., mesenchyme
  • Mesen, mesencephalon
  • Myocard., myocardium
  • Neph., nephrostome
  • Neu.ant., anterior neuropore
  • Ph., pharynx
  • Pli.ph.vent.d.-s.1,2, ventral pharyngeal fold, right, left, first, or second
  • Port.int.ant., anterior intestinal portal
  • Pr.pul., primordium of lung
  • Prec-h.pl., prechordal plate
  • Prosen., prosencephalon
  • Proc.mand., mandibular process
  • Prom.cor., heart swelling (Davis)
  • R.ao.d0r.1, 2, etc., first, second, etc., presegmental aortic branch
  • R.ao.lat., lateral aortic branch
  • R.ao.vent., ventral aortic branch
  • Res.pre.op., preoptic recess (Johnston)
  • Rh.1, .9, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, rhombomere 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
  • S.1,2, etc., first, second, etc., somite
  • S.ven., sinus vesous
  • Sac.br.I, II, III, first, second, third pharyngeal pouch
  • Sac.vit., yolk sac
  • Sect, section
  • Sept.tr., septum transversum
  • Sul.di-mesen., dimesencephalic boundary
  • Sul.la., laryngotracheal sulcus
  • Sul.op., optic sulcus
  • Tel., telencephalon
  • Thy;., primordium of thyroid gland
  • Tor.op., torus opticus (Froriep)
  • Tub.proneph., pronephric tubule
  • V.cap.prim., primitive head vein
  • V.card.ant., anterior cardinal vein
  • V.card.com., common cardinal vein
  • Vent.cord., ventricle of heart
  • Ves.mesoneph., mesonephric vesicle
  • Ves.op., optic vesicle
  • Ves.ot., otic vesicle
  • Ves.proneph., pronephric vesicle
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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)
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Reference

Wen IC. The anatomy of human embryos with seventeen to twenty-three pairs of somites (1928) J. Comp. Neural., 45: 301-376.


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, May 19) Embryology Wen1928-Fig07.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Wen1928-Fig07.jpg

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current14:07, 20 April 2016Thumbnail for version as of 14:07, 20 April 20161,265 × 648 (166 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)
14:03, 20 April 2016Thumbnail for version as of 14:03, 20 April 20161,280 × 781 (215 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)Wen, I. C., The anatomy of human embryos with seventeen to twenty-three pairs of somites J. Comp. Neural, 1928, 45:301-376. Historic Embryology Papers {| clas...