From Embryology

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Fig. 2. Topographical relations of the caudal end of the spinal cord in the human fetus from the eighth to the twenty-fifth week

Comparison of these stages shows the rate and extent of caudal displacement of the vertebral column, in relation to the telzninal ventricle and the attachment of the sacral nerve roots, which constitute definite and fixed points on the spinal cord. In each case the dorsal root of the first sacral nerve is drawn in, and the attachment of the dorsal roots of the other sacral nerves is shown by heavy lines. The twenty-fifth to twenty-ninth vertebrae were regarded as sacral vertebrae, irrespective of form, as shown in stipple. The fetuses are listed in the Carnegie Collection follows: No. 75, 30 mm.; No. 1656, 67 mm.; No. Template:CE1673, 111 mm; N0. Template:CE1345, 221 mm. The first two are from profile reconstructions, the last two from dissections.

In figure 2 the specimens are enlarged upon a decreasing scale of magnification according to age, so that the segments of the different stages are brought to about the same size. This has been done in order to facilitate the comparison of segment levels. The actual elongation of the spinal root of a given nerve is greater, therefore, than would appear from the figure. Measurements of the dorsal root of the first sacral nerve from the margin of the ganglion to the point of entrance into the cord yield the following figures: 30-mm. fetus, 0.65 mm. long; 67-mm. fetus, 4.75 mm. long; 111-mm. fetus, 12.25 mm. long; 221-mm. fetus, 32 mm. long.

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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)
Links: Fig 1 | Fig 2 | Fig 3 | Streeter 1919 | George Streeter | Historic Embryology Papers


Streeter GL. Factors involved in the formation of the filum terminale. (1919) Amer. J Anat. 22(1): 1-11.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, February 21) Embryology Streeter1919-fig02.jpg. Retrieved from

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