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Notch Signaling Pathway

  1. Secretory pathway: the modifications during the secretion of Notch to the membrane in the ER (purple) and the Golgi (orange). Notch is translated inside ER, where it is glycosylated by an O-fucosyltransferase O-Fut1 (light purple) and O-glucosyltransferase Rumi (yellow). Note the black circle on the Notch molecule in the ER; because Notch is not cleaved, the extracellular and intracellular domains are physically linked. Notch is then translocated into Golgi, where it is cleaved by Furin protease (scissors) at the S1 site and further modified by the N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, Fringe. Note the red circle on the Notch molecule in the Golgi after S1 cleavage; the extracellular and intracellular domains are not physically linked
  2. Ligand-mediated activation: Notch (gray) interacts with the DSL ligands, Delta (blue) and Serrate (green), resulting in a series of proteolytic cleavage events induced by ligand binding. The S2 cleavage is mediated by ADAM protease (purple), whereas the S3/4 cleavage event is mediated by γ-secretase (g-secretase, in orange). Several studies also suggest that γ-secretase–mediated cleavage can occur inside endocytic compartment (shown in the light blue circle).
  3. The endocytic regulation of the Notch receptor: full-length Notch can undergo endocytosis, leading to translocation of Notch into EEs, MVB, and lysosomes. From genetic data, several proteins have been identified to modulate this process, including Hrs and Bib, possibly during the EE-to-MVB transition of Notch, Lgd, and ESCRT complex, or during the MVB-to-lysosomes transition. These proteins further modulate Notch activity as described in the text. The dotted red arrow shows that in mutants that affect trafficking from the MVB to the lysosome, or if Notch is not trafficked to the lumen of the lysosome, Notch can undergo γ-secretase cleavage, resulting in a Notch GOF phenotypes.


Notch Links: Notch structure cartoon | Notch signaling pathway cartoon | Notch and signaling pathway cartoon | Developmental Signals - Notch | Molecular Factors

Reference

Tien AC, Rajan A & Bellen HJ. (2009). A Notch updated. J. Cell Biol. , 184, 621-9. PMID: 19255248 DOI.

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, May 19) Embryology Notch signaling pathway cartoon 02.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Notch_signaling_pathway_cartoon_02.jpg

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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