File:Helen Brooke Taussig.jpg

From Embryology

Helen_Brooke_Taussig.jpg(368 × 490 pixels, file size: 38 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)

Helen Brooke Taussig

Helen Brooke Taussig (1898 - 1986) was a paediatric cardiologist, who developed a surgical procedure for Tetralogy of Fallot[1], and also campaigned for blocking introduction of thalidomide into the U.S.A.[2] One of her students had drawn her attention to the data on congenital malformations occurring in Germany and England.

"Taussig used fluoroscopy, a new x-ray technique, to establish that babies suffering from anoxemia had a leaking septum (the wall that separates the chambers of the heart), and an underdeveloped artery leading from the heart to the lungs. In 1941 Taussig suggested an idea for an operation that might help children with "blue baby" to her colleagues at Hopkins—surgeon Alfred Blalock and surgical technician Vivien Thomas. On November 9, 1944 Taussig and Blalock first performed this new operation on a child with anoxemia, (after Thomas had experimented extensively with the procedure). They later repeated it successfully on two more patients. They published their results in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The technique was named the Blalock-Taussig operation, and was soon used worldwide. Taussig continued her research on cardiac birth defects and published her important work Congenital Malformations of the Heart, in 1947." (excerpt from NLM biography)

Links: Tetralogy of Fallot | thalidomide | NLM Biography

Search PubMed: Taussig HB (Author)

Heart Abnormal: Tutorial Abnormalities | atrial septal defects | double outlet right ventricle | hypoplastic left heart | patent ductus arteriosus‎ | transposition of the great vessels | Tetralogy of Fallot | ventricular septal defects | coarctation of the aorta | Category ASD | Category PDA | Category ToF | Category VSD | ICD10 - Cardiovascular | ICD11


  1. TAUSSIG H & BLALOCK A. (1947). Surgery of congenital heart disease. Br Med J , 2, 462. PMID: 20263273
  2. TAUSSIG HB. (1962). The thalidomide syndrome. Sci. Am. , 207, 29-35. PMID: 13919872


National Library of Medicine.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, March 3) Embryology Helen Brooke Taussig.jpg. Retrieved from

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

File history

Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time.

current12:00, 5 April 2016Thumbnail for version as of 12:00, 5 April 2016368 × 490 (38 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)==Helen Brooke Taussig== Helen Brooke Taussig (1898 - 1986)