File:Heart chicken embryo stage 16.jpg

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Chicken Heart (stage 16 embryo)

Figure 4. Heart region of stage 16 embryo.

  1. Right lateral view of the endoderm (transparent). Overlying the endoderm of the anterior intestinal portal is a mesenchymal plexus (red).
  2. Overlying this plexus is the splanchnic mesoderm (blue); its connection with the somatic mesoderm, the lateral mesocardium, is removed.
  3. Cardiovascular lumen in relation with the endoderm and splanchnic plexus.
  4. The lumina of the blood islands covering the yolk sac are removed. Primary myocardium is shown in grey, Cx40 positive working myocardium in green. The splanchnic plexus is separating and contacts both the atrial lumen via the dorsal mesocardium, and the vitelline veins.
  5. Dorsal view of the plexus in relation to the myocardium and the vitelline veins.
  6. The direction of blood-flow within the heart and vitelline vessels is indicated with arrows.
  7. Addition of the cardinal veins.
  8. The cardinal veins reside in somatic mesoderm (transparent red).
  9. Ventral view, now showing the endoderm in dark green. The surface of the reconstructions is cut in a frontal plane, showing canalization of the splanchnic plexus into the cardiovascular lumen of the atria (via the dorsal mesocardium) and the vitelline veins.


  • I, II, III - first, second & third pharyngeal arch artery
  • la - left atrium
  • ra - right atrium

Links: Image - Heart 3D reconstruction | Image - Stage 12 Heart | Image - Stage 16 Heart | Image - Stage 21 Heart | Image - Stage 25 Heart | Hamburger Hamilton Stages | Cardiovascular System Development | Chicken Development


<pubmed>21779373</pubmed>| PLoS One


© 2011 van den Berg, Moorman. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Original image name: Figure 4. Journal.pone.0022055.g004.jpg

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, June 17) Embryology Heart chicken embryo stage 16.jpg. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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current10:40, 27 August 2011Thumbnail for version as of 10:40, 27 August 20111,000 × 1,307 (234 KB)S8600021 (talk | contribs)==Chicken Heart (stage 16 embryo)== Figure 4. Heart region of stage 16 embryo. # Right lateral view of the endoderm (transparent). Overlying the endoderm of the anterior intestinal portal is a mesenchymal plexus (red). # Overlying this plexus is the spl

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