File:Boyden1931 fig10.jpg

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Fig. 10. Horseshoe kidney

Horseshoe kidney from a man about forty years of age (after Ssokolow, ’30). Note arrangement of multiple internal spermatic veins (Int.sp.v. 1, 2,3), the persistence and Well—marked separation of both embryonic renal veins (Ren. I and II), the persistence of an intersnpracardinal anastomosis behind the aorta (1'nt.s;m*c.anast.) connecting the right supracardinal (Inf.o.c.) with the persisting left supracardinal (L.spr1;.) and renal (Re'rL.II) veins.


Boyden EA. Description of a horseshoe kidney associated with left inferior vena cava and disc-shaped suprarenal glands, together with a note on the occurrence of horseshoe kidneys in human embryos. (1931) Anat. Rec. 51(2): 187-211.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, June 21) Embryology Boyden1931 fig10.jpg. Retrieved from

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