File:Boyden1931 fig02.jpg

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Fig. 2. Horseshoe kidney

Horseshoe kidney of seven-year-old girl, associated with double vena cava that lies posterior to kidneys; representing persistence of right and left supmoardinal veins of embryo. (After Marzynski, case 3; legends by E. A. B.). Note fetal lobulations of kidney.

Ren. I and II, left renal veins representing persistence of primary embryonic renal veins (compare McClure and Butler, fig. 14); Y, remnant of intersupracardinal anastomosis which has retained a. cranial and caudal connection with the right supracardinal vein (McClure); Z, persistence of cardinal collateral channel (McClure).


Boyden EA. Description of a horseshoe kidney associated with left inferior vena cava and disc-shaped suprarenal glands, together with a note on the occurrence of horseshoe kidneys in human embryos. (1931) Anat. Rec. 51(2): 187-211.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, February 22) Embryology Boyden1931 fig02.jpg. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098GCatgeory:1930's

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