File:Arthur Milnes Marshall.jpg

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Arthur Milnes Marshall (1852–1893)

Historic Embryology
Arthur Milnes Marshall.jpg
Wilhelm His.jpg

Arthur Milnes Marshall (1852–1893) at Cambridge in 1879 historically first described this embryonic region. In his study of dogfish and chicken brain development, and identified it as "neural crest".[1] See neural crest history and the original 1879 article. Wilhelm His (1831-1904) in 1868 also described in the chick embryo the early neural structure that would form neural crest.

Arthur Milnes Marshall (1852–1893) followed the reforms of Francis Balfour, and took the classes of Michael Foster. In 1874 he graduated B.A. and was appointed in the early part of 1875 by Cambridge University to their table at the new Stazione Zoologica, Naples. He was appointed in 1879 at the age of 27 to the newly-established professorship of zoology at Owens College, Manchester.

Between 1878 and 1882 Marshall published in the Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science "The Development of the Cranial Nerves in the Chick", 1878; "The Morphology of the Vertebrate Olfactory Organ", 1879; "Observations on the Cranial Nerves of Scyllium", 1881 (with W. Baldwin Spencer); "On the Head-cavities and associated Nerves of Elasmobranchs", 1881. In 1882 he published a memoir on "The Segmental Value of the Cranial Nerves" in the Journal of Anatomy and Physiology.

Marshall wrote three text-books, The Frog (1882, 7th edit. 1900), Practical Zoology (with Charles Herbert Hurst) (1887, 5th edit. 1899), and Vertebrate Embryology (1893). Other works were Biological Essays and Addresses (1894), and The Darwinian Theory (1894).

Marshall, like his teacher Francis Balfour on Mont Blanc, was killed 31 December 1893 while mountain climbing Deep Ghyll on Scafell.


Image - Zoologist, Owens College/Victoria University, Manchester. Manchester Faces and Places, Vol II, No 1, page 9, 10 October 1890, JG Hammond & Co, Market Street, Manchester

Marshall AM. The morphology of the vertebrate olfactory organ. (1879) Quarterly Journal of Microscopic Science. 19: 300–340.

Marshall AM. The segmental value of the cranial nerves. (1882) J Anat. Physiol. 26(1): 94–99. PMID 17231431

Marshall AM. Vertebrate Embryology: A Text-book for Students and Practitioners. (1893) Elder Smith & Co., London.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, February 21) Embryology Arthur Milnes Marshall.jpg. Retrieved from

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  1. Marshall AM. The morphology of the vertebrate olfactory organ. (1879) Quarterly Journal of Microscopic Science. 19: 300–340.

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