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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, May 9) Embryology Sertoli cell. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Talk:Sertoli_cell
The IGF1 Receptor Is Involved in Follicle-Stimulating Hormone Signaling in Porcine Neonatal Sertoli Cells
J Clin Med. 2019 Apr 27;8(5). pii: E577. doi: 10.3390/jcm8050577.
Cannarella R1, Arato I2, Condorelli RA3, Luca G4, Barbagallo F5, Alamo A6, Bellucci C7, Lilli C8, La Vignera S9, Calafiore R10, Mancuso F11, Calogero AE12.
Experimental evidence has shown that the IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) is involved in testicular development during embryogenesis. More recently, data gathered from mice granulosa cells and zebrafish spermatogonia suggest that IGF1R has a role in Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) signaling. No evidence has been reported on this matter in Sertoli cells (SCs) so far. The aim of the study was to evaluate the role, if any, of the IGF1R in FSH signaling in SCs. The effects of FSH exposure on myosin-phosphatase 1 (MYPT1), ERK 1/2, AKT308, AKT473, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylation and on anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), inhibin B and FSH receptor (FSHR) mRNA levels were assessed with and without the IGF1R inhibitor NVP-AEW541 in purified and functional porcine neonatal SCs. Pre-treatment with NVP-AEW541 inhibited the FSH-induced MYPT1 and ERK 1/2 phosphorylation, decreased the FSH-dependent Protein kinase B (AKT)308 phosphorylation, but did not affect the FSH-induced AKT473 and JNK phosphorylation rate. It also interfered with the FSH-induced AMH and FSHR down-regulation. No influence was observed on the FSH-stimulated Inhibin B gene expression. Conclusion. These findings support the role of theIGF1R in FSH signaling in porcine SCs. The possible influence of IGF1 stimulation on the FSH-mediated effects on SCs should be further explored.
KEYWORDS: Follicle-stimulating hormone; Insulin-like growth factor 1; Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor; Sertoli cells; infertility PMID: 31035547
Copper transporter 1 (CTR1) expression by mouse testicular germ cells, but not Sertoli cells, is essential for functional spermatogenesis
PLoS One. 2019 Apr 19;14(4):e0215522. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0215522. eCollection 2019.
Ghaffari R1, Di Bona KR2, Riley CL1, Richburg JH1,2.
An imbalance in copper (Cu) tissue homeostasis has a degenerative effect on spermatogenesis and male fertility. The high-affinity Cu transporter 1 (CTR1; SLC31A1) is the major protein responsible for Cu acquisition in eukaryotes and is highly expressed in mouse testes. Studies on yeast and Drosophila have demonstrated the conserved essential function of Cu and CTR1 for meiosis and fertility, implying that CTR1 may play an essential function in mammalian spermatogenesis. In mice, spermatogenesis takes place within the seminiferous epithelium, where tight junctions between somatic Sertoli cells (SCs) create a specialized microenvironment for the development of meiotic germ cells (GCs) by tightly regulating the free transport of metabolites and ions to reach these cells. Here, it is demonstrated that within the seminiferous epithelium, CTR1 is expressed on the membrane of primary pachytene spermatocytes and SCs. To examine the physiological significance of CTR1 in spermatogenesis, mice with a GC-specific (Ctr1ΔGC) and SC-specific (Ctr1ΔSC) disruption of the Ctr1 gene were generated. The testis of Ctr1ΔGC mice exhibits a severe progressive loss of GCs starting at postnatal day (PND) 28 leading to testis hypoplasia by adulthood. No spermatogenic recovery was observed in Ctr1ΔGC testis beyond PND 41, despite the presence of FOXO-1 expressing undifferentiated spermatogonial cells. However, Ctr1ΔSC mice displayed functional spermatogenesis and were fertile, even though testicular Cu levels and Cu-dependent cellular activities were significantly reduced. These results reveal, for the first time, the importance of CTR1 expression by GCs for maintaining functional spermatogenesis.
The blood-testis barrier and its implications for male contraception
Pharmacol Rev. 2012 Jan;64(1):16-64. doi: 10.1124/pr.110.002790. Epub 2011 Oct 28.
Cheng CY1, Mruk DD.
The blood-testis barrier (BTB) is one of the tightest blood-tissue barriers in the mammalian body. It divides the seminiferous epithelium into the basal and the apical (adluminal) compartments. Meiosis I and II, spermiogenesis, and spermiation all take place in a specialized microenvironment behind the BTB in the apical compartment, but spermatogonial renewal and differentiation and cell cycle progression up to the preleptotene spermatocyte stage take place outside of the BTB in the basal compartment of the epithelium. However, the BTB is not a static ultrastructure. Instead, it undergoes extensive restructuring during the seminiferous epithelial cycle of spermatogenesis at stage VIII to allow the transit of preleptotene spermatocytes at the BTB. Yet the immunological barrier conferred by the BTB cannot be compromised, even transiently, during the epithelial cycle to avoid the production of antibodies against meiotic and postmeiotic germ cells. Studies have demonstrated that some unlikely partners, namely adhesion protein complexes (e.g., occludin-ZO-1, N-cadherin-β-catenin, claudin-5-ZO-1), steroids (e.g., testosterone, estradiol-17β), nonreceptor protein kinases (e.g., focal adhesion kinase, c-Src, c-Yes), polarity proteins (e.g., PAR6, Cdc42, 14-3-3), endocytic vesicle proteins (e.g., clathrin, caveolin, dynamin 2), and actin regulatory proteins (e.g., Eps8, Arp2/3 complex), are working together, apparently under the overall influence of cytokines (e.g., transforming growth factor-β3, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1α). In short, a "new" BTB is created behind spermatocytes in transit while the "old" BTB above transiting cells undergoes timely degeneration, so that the immunological barrier can be maintained while spermatocytes are traversing the BTB. We also discuss recent findings regarding the molecular mechanisms by which environmental toxicants (e.g., cadmium, bisphenol A) induce testicular injury via their initial actions at the BTB to elicit subsequent damage to germ-cell adhesion, thereby leading to germ-cell loss, reduced sperm count, and male infertility or subfertility. Moreover, we also critically evaluate findings in the field regarding studies on drug transporters in the testis and discuss how these influx and efflux pumps regulate the entry of potential nonhormonal male contraceptives to the apical compartment to exert their effects. Collectively, these findings illustrate multiple potential targets are present at the BTB for innovative contraceptive development and for better delivery of drugs to alleviate toxicant-induced reproductive dysfunction in men.