Talk:Scanning Electron Microscopy
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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, September 25) Embryology Scanning Electron Microscopy. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Talk:Scanning_Electron_Microscopy
22 Jun 2015
Dear Dr Hill,
I am a retired biologist from National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA, Jouy en Josas, France).I published several papers on embryos of farm mammals (bovine, sheep, pig, etc.), as you can see on my list of publications. You have a chapter on the sheep embryo on your site. Would it be interesting to add my unpublished SEM chronological observations on sheep preimplantation embryos ?
Best regards, Jacques Flechon
PS : have you got a translation for the legends of F Keibel on pig embryos ?
The extracellular matrix of porcine mature oocytes: origin, composition and presumptive roles
Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2003 Dec 14;1:124.
Fléchon JE1, Degrouard J, Kopecný V, Pivko J, Pavlok A, Motlik J.
The extracellular matrix (ECM) of porcine mature oocytes was revealed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after treatment with tannic acid and ruthenium red. Present in the perivitelline space (PVS) and on the surface of the zona pellucida (ZP), it appeared to be composed of thin filaments and granules at the interconnections of the filaments, which were interpreted respectively as hyaluronic acid chains and bound proteoglycans. In order to determine whether this material is produced by the corona cells (the same ECM was found also on the surface of the zona pellucida and between cumulus cells) or by the oocyte itself, the synthesis of glycoproteins and glycosaminoglycans was checked by autoradiography on semi-thin and thin sections observed by light and electron microscopy. Immature oocytes within or without cumulus cells, were incubated with L [3H-] fucose or L [3H-] glucosamine--precursors respectively of glycoproteins and hyaluronic acid or hyaluronan (HA) bound to proteoglycans--for various times (with or without chase) and at different stages during in vitro maturation. In the first case, incorporation was found in both cumulus cells and ooplasm (notably in the Golgi area for 3H-fucose) and labeled material accumulated in the ECM of the PVS and of the ZP surface. Labeling in the PVS with both precursors was maximum between metaphase I (MI) and metaphase II (MII) and was partially extracted by hyaluronidase but not by neuraminidase. Tunicamycin, an inhibitor of glycoprotein synthesis, significantly decreased the amount of 3H-fucose labeled molecules in the PVS and increased the incidence of polyspermic penetration during subsequent in vivo fertilization. Since cumulus-free oocytes also secreted 3H-glucosamine containing compounds, both oocyte and cumulus cells probably contribute to the production of the ECM found in the PVS of mature oocytes. ECM and particularly its HA moiety present on both sides of the ZP may constitute a favourable factor for sperm penetration. PMID 14675483
SEM-dissection of a human embryo derived from an ectopic pregnancy
Early Hum Dev. 1985 May;11(1):61-8.
Hendrix MJ, Brailey JL, Shenker L.
A 6.5-week-old human embryo with an approximate crown-rump length of 13.2 mm was obtained from a tubal pregnancy. Two hours before surgical removal, the embryo was imaged with real time ultrasound and was noted to have rhythmic cardiac motion. Subsequent to surgical removal, the embryo was dissected free from the placenta and prepared for routine scanning electron microscopic (SEM) studies. Progressive stages of dissection with microsurgical instruments followed by SEM photography elucidated the three-dimensional aspects of embryonic development of many structures, including the lens placode, tongue bud, Rathke's pouch, atrial and ventricular foramina, primitive intestinal loop and undifferentiated external genitalia. Almost certainly, such clear views of dissected structures can contribute to our understanding of human embryonic development.