Talk:Genetics - Chromosome 7

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, February 17) Embryology Genetics - Chromosome 7. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Talk:Genetics_-_Chromosome_7

2018

2017

Maintenance of Mest imprinted methylation in blastocyst-stage mouse embryos is less stable than other imprinted loci following superovulation or embryo culture

Environ Epigenet. 2017 Aug 29;3(3):dvx015. doi: 10.1093/eep/dvx015. eCollection 2017 Jul.

Velker BAM1,2,3, Denomme MM1,2,3,4, Krafty RT5, Mann MRW6,7.

Abstract

Assisted reproductive technologies are fertility treatments used by subfertile couples to conceive their biological child. Although generally considered safe, these pregnancies have been linked to genomic imprinting disorders, including Beckwith-Wiedemann and Silver-Russell Syndromes. Silver-Russell Syndrome is a growth disorder characterized by pre- and post-natal growth retardation. The Mest imprinted domain is one candidate region on chromosome 7 implicated in Silver-Russell Syndrome. We have previously shown that maintenance of imprinted methylation was disrupted by superovulation or embryo culture during pre-implantation mouse development. For superovulation, this disruption did not originate in oogenesis as a methylation acquisition defect. However, in comparison to other genes, Mest exhibits late methylation acquisition kinetics, possibly making Mest more vulnerable to perturbation by environmental insult. In this study, we present a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of superovulation and in vitro culture on genomic imprinting at the Mest gene. Superovulation resulted in disruption of imprinted methylation at the maternal Mest allele in blastocysts with an equal frequency of embryos having methylation errors following low or high hormone treatment. This disruption was not due to a failure of imprinted methylation acquisition at Mest in oocytes. For cultured embryos, both the Fast and Slow culture groups experienced a significant loss of maternal Mest methylation compared to in vivo-derived controls. This loss of methylation was independent of development rates in culture. These results indicate that Mest is more susceptible to imprinted methylation maintenance errors compared to other imprinted genes. KEYWORDS: DNA methylation; Mest; assisted reproduction; genomic imprinting; mouse PMID: 29492315 PMCID: PMC5804554 DOI: 10.1093/eep/dvx015