Foundations Quiz

From Embryology
Foundations Practical: Introduction | Week 1 and 2 | Week 3 and 4 | Week 1 to 8 | Week 9 to 36 | Neonatal | Critical Periods | Additional Resources | Quiz

Here are a few simple questions that relate to your introduction to embryology lecture and practical, this page is not a part of today's Practical class.

You should try in your own time after completing the Practical today.

Take the Quiz

1. I already really know all I need to know about embryology.

If you said true, how can that be, as we have not yet begun to explore this topic in detail. You clearly don't understand enough to even answer this first question correctly.

2. Which of the following statements is most correct about the human menstrual cycle.

The menstrual cycle in all women is a 28 day reproductive cycle
Ovulation always occurs at the midpoint of the menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle's main function is to regularly replace the lining of the uterus
A high body temperature indicates ovulation is occurring
The menstrual cycle is an endocrine cycle regulating reproductive physiological changes
The menstrual cycle is variable amongst women and also within an individual, the "28 days" is an average time course. Like the cycle itself, the time of ovulation can vary anywhere between day 10 - day 19. The uterine lining (functional layer) is replaced ever cycle, though this would not be considered the main function of the cycle. The body temperature does increase at ovulation, but it remains high even after this point, it is the time of change that indicates ovulation.

3. Most pregnancies can be detected by pregnancy tests soon after fertilization.

Following fertilization, at least 1 to 2 weeks of development must occur before implantation commences, it is only after implantation that regnancy tests work.

4. Which of the following statements is correct about the zona pellucida:

surrounds the oocyte in the ovary
protects oocyte in the uterine tube
is a specialized extracellular matrix
is important for fertilization
all of the above
Yes, the zona pellucida has many different functions at different times of oocyte development, fertilization and in the first week of development.

5. Pregnancy tests generally are based upon the detection in maternal urine of:

human Chorionic Somatommotropin
human Chorionic Gonadotrophin
human Chorionic Corticotropin
Estrogen and Progesterone are made in the ovary and support the endometrium. human Chorionic Somatommotropin (or placental lactogen, stimulate maternal mammary development) and human Chorionic Corticotropin are both made by the placenta later in development.

6. The most correct sequence of early development following fertilization is:

zygote, blastomeres, morula, blastocyst
oocyte, zygote, morula, blastocyst
zygote, conceptus, blastocyst
polar bodies, zygote, conceptus, blastocyst
The oocyte is present before fertilization, the conceptus refers to all the products of fertilization and is not a developmental stage, polar bodies are small exclusion bodies enclosing the excess DNA from oocyte meiosis. I did not discuss in detail blastomeres a term often used to describe the first cells formed from zygote mitosis.

7. Which process in the third week of development converts the embryonic disc into the trilaminar embryo.

embryonic disc folding
Gastrulation, meaning gut formation, converts the early embryonic disc into the trilaminar or 3 germ layer embryo (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm).

8. The second and third trimesters cover the fetal period of development.

The second and third trimesters are the period of fetal (foetal) development. Yes I know, in the first trimester after week 8, this is also the early fetal period.

9. Which of these statements about environmentally derived abnormal development is incorrect:

bacterial and viral infections can sometimes not affect development
a specific environmental insult will result in a specific abnormal development outcome
the first trimester is the most sensitive period to environmental insults
some prescription drugs can lead to abnormal development outcomes
rubella virus infection during pregnancy has serious abnormal development outcomes
While we know that "specific environmental insults" can be associated with defects in specific systems, there are many other variables (time, dose, maternal status, synergistic and antagonistic factors, other) which can affect the final developmental outcome.

10. Which of the following statements about Figure 1 (shown below) is most correct:

figure 1 shows a normal female karyotype
figure 1 shows all human chromosomes
figure 1 shows a metaphase spread of a human genome
figure 1 shows an abnormality of mitosis
This is a metaphase spread of a female with trisomy 21 (Down syndrome), though abnormal it is still a human genome (just not the normal human genome). It is not the normal female karyotype (number and appearance of chromosomes) and does not show the Y chromosome (as this is female XX). This is the most common human genetic abnormality and the additional chromosome is thought to occur due to incorrect meiosis.

Your score is 0 / 0

Figure 1
Figure 1

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Cite this page: Hill, M.A. 2018 Embryology Foundations Quiz. Retrieved January 21, 2018, from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2018, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G