File:Macklin1914 plate01.jpg

From Embryology

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Plate 1. Wax plate reconstruction of the chondrocranium of a 40mm human fetus

Seen from above.

Viewed from above (fig. 1) we note the entire absence of the roof and the extremely rudimentary character of the sides of the cranial vault. The eye meets with an irregular surface of varying depth, surrounded by a broken, ovoid contour, the smaller end being ventral. This surface we recognize as the floor of the primitive brain-case. Its dorsal half is made up of the future posterior cranial fossa, a deep, bowl-like enclosure, the steep sides of which slope rapidly down to an elongated opening in the floor - the primitive foramen magnum. In the ventral wall of this fossa is a trough-like space behind the basilar plate, flanked by two rounded eminences, the partes cochleares of the otic capsule, and terminated above by the horned, ridge-like dorsum sellae, which forms a conspicuous object in the floor of the cranium. Passing forward over this ridge a sideless pit, the hypophyseal fossa, comes into view, which marks the center of the middle cranial fossa, and here, in the region of the body of the sphenoid, the cartilaginous floor is very narrow. Lateral to the corpus sphenoidale is a large, triangular gap in the floor and sidewall of the brain-box, the apex of which meets the side of the sella, while the ventral and dorsal borders are formed by the dorsal border of the ala orbitalis and the cranio-ventral surface of the otic capsule respectively. Forming a lateral, knobbed projection beneath the ala orbitalis is the relatively small ala temporalis, and this is observed to lie ventro-caudal to the plane of the above-mentioned triangular space, just as, in the osseous skull, the greater wing lies below and in front of the plane joining the lesser wing with the petrous portion of the temporal bone. As will be seen later, this plane corresponds in a general way to the situation of a primitive floor and side-wall of this region of the skull, as found in the lizards. Two of the bones which will later wall in this space, viz., the parietal and the squamo-temporaUs, are as yet very rudimentary, while the third, or ala temporalis, has only just commenced to ossify.

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Links: plate 1 | plate 2 | plate 3 | plate 4 | plate 5 | plate 6 | fig 6 | fig 7 | plate 7 | fig 8 | fig 9 | plate 8 | fig 10 | plate 9 | fig 11 | fig 12 | plate 10 | plate 11 | fig 14 | Macklin 1914 part 1 | Macklin 1914 part 2 | Skull Development


Macklin CC. The skull of a human fetus of 40 mm 1. (1914) Amer. J Anat. 16(3): 317-386.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, June 15) Embryology Macklin1914 plate01.jpg. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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current21:33, 20 June 2016Thumbnail for version as of 21:33, 20 June 20162,184 × 2,602 (673 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)==Plate 1. == Wax plato reconstruction of the chondrocranium of a lOniiu. Iiiiinaii fctiLs, - seen from above. ===Reference=== {{Ref-Macklin1914a}} {{Footer}}