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Human Anatomical Planes

Anatomical planes are used in embryology, gross anatomy, clinical imaging and histology to define the direction of viewing in the standard anatomical position.

  • Coronal - (frontal plane) is any vertical plane that divides the body into ventral and dorsal sections.
  • Sagittal - vertical plane which passes from anterior to posterior, dividing the body into right and left halves. Midsagittal (median) plane is located in the midline, all other planes are parasagittal planes.
  • Transverse - (cross-section, horizontal plane, axial plane, or transaxial plane) is plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts and is perpendicular to the coronal and sagittal planes.

Axes Formation: left-right axis | dorso-ventral axis | rostro-caudal axis | limb axis | Coronal | Sagittal | Transverse

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, May 30) Embryology Human-anatomical-planes.jpg. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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