File:Hertig1956 plate09.jpg

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Plate 9

Two villous ova of 16 to 17 days of age. Streeter Horizon VII encompasses that developmental stage characterized by branching villi and an axis of the germ disc, whereas Horizon VIII includes that stage characterized by Hensen’s node and primitive groove. The younger of these two ova has not only branching villi and a well-defined axis of the germ disc, but also a definite primitive streak (although not a very distinct primitive groove) and the first beginnings of a head process. Heuser et. al. when reporting this specimen in detail (K15) observed the apparent overlapping of the criteria listed for Horizon VII. and VIII, and considered the younger specimen (7802) an advanced member of Horizon VII. The embryo of the older specimen as yet has not been studied in detail and ultimately may well be placed at least. in Horizon VIII. in this publication our primary interest is in the extra-embryonic structures of these ova.


48 A surface view of an intact 16-day ovum. Note coarsely wrinkled and undulating appearance. of endometrial surface, the dome-shaped elevation of ovum and the blood clot of maternal origin. Carnegie 7802, Sequence 5. X 8.

49 A section to show the embryo and adjacent trophoblast. Note the dorsally concave ectoderm, thin endoderm and intervening head process. The double-layered yolk-sac shows angiogcnesis. Angioblasts and mesoblasts individually derived from cytotrophoblast are found also in the condensed mesoblast at the periphery of the. chorionic cavity and in the mesoblastic, cores of the villi. Note also the double-layered anmion with a condensation of mesoblast between it and the periphery of the chorionic cavity. Carnegie 7802, Section 44-3-5. X 100.

50 A surface view of the anterior wall of a uterus containing a 17-day ovum. The endometrial surface was pale, edematous and thickened and grossly resembled decidua. Note velvety undulations and stellate gland mouths. The ovum lies near the right. lateral sulcus, the fundus being the myometrium whose cut curface is shown on the left. Carnegie 8602, Sequence 1. X 1:}.

51 A medium-power view of a section of the ovum illustrated in figure 50 to show detail of the embryo. Note that the amnion has increased in size and is enfolding the germ disc and that. there is increased differentiation of the ectoderm and cndoderm at the right. The stems of two villi seen at the upper left have a mesoblastic core covered by inner Langhans epithelium (cytotrophoblast) and an outer thin layer of syncytium. Early angiogenesis is seen in the mesoblast of these villi t'oresha«lowing the development of the future fetal circulation which will be completed and functioning in 4 or 5 days (7-17 somites). During this period of time the amount of blood circulating through the spiral arteriolar sinusoids, the intervillous space and the venous sinusoids of the utero-placental circulation will also increase. Thus are establishcd the two contiguous circulations, separated only by the trophoblast, fibrous tissue and endothelium — the placental barrier. By this mechanism there results an interchange of nutritive, waste and other substances between the embryo and mother. Carnegie 8602, Section 25-3-2. X 100.


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Reference

Hertig AT. Rock J. and Adams EC. A description of 34 human ova within the first 17 days of development. (1956) Amer. J Anat., 98:435-493.


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, May 24) Embryology Hertig1956 plate09.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Hertig1956_plate09.jpg

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