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The lacrimal apparatus

Right side.

The Lacrimal Apparatus (apparatus lacrimalis) (Fig. 896) consists of (a) the lacrimal gland, which secretes the tears, and its excretory ducts, which convey the fluid to the surface of the eye; (b) the lacrimal ducts, the lacrimal sac, and the nasolacrimal duct, by which the fluid is conveyed into the cavity of the nose.


The Lacrimal Gland (glandula lacrimalis).—The lacrimal gland is lodged in the lacrimal fossa, on the medial side of the zygomatic process of the frontal bone. It is of an oval form, about the size and shape of an almond, and consists of two portions, described as the superior and inferior lacrimal glands. The superior lacrimal gland is connected to the periosteum of the orbit by a few fibrous bands, and rests upon the tendons of the Recti superioris and lateralis, which separate it from the bulb of the eye. The inferior lacrimal gland is separated from the superior by a fibrous septum, and projects into the back part of the upper eyelid, where its deep surface is related to the conjunctiva. The ducts of the glands, from six to twelve in number, run obliquely beneath the conjunctiva for a short distance, and open along the upper and lateral half of the superior conjunctival fornix.


(Text modified from Gray's 1918 Anatomy)



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Reference

Gray H. Anatomy of the human body. (1918) Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, June 20) Embryology Gray0896.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Gray0896.jpg

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current23:03, 19 August 2012Thumbnail for version as of 23:03, 19 August 2012600 × 638 (68 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)==The lacrimal apparatus== Right side. The Lacrimal Apparatus (apparatus lacrimalis) (Fig. 896) consists of (a) the lacrimal gland, which secretes the tears, and its excretory ducts, which convey the fluid to the surface of the eye; (b) the lacrimal duc