From Embryology

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Human Mandible in Old Age

In old age (Fig. 185) the bone becomes greatly reduced in size, for with the loss of the teeth the alveolar process is absorbed, and, consequently, the chief part of the bone is below the oblique line. The mandibular canal, with the mental foramen opening from it, is close to the alveolar border. The ramus is oblique in direction, the angle measures about 140o, and the neck of the condyle is more or less bent backward.

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Gray H. Anatomy of the human body. (1918) Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, May 20) Embryology Gray0185.jpg. Retrieved from

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current10:08, 14 September 2012Thumbnail for version as of 10:08, 14 September 2012600 × 491 (36 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)==Human Mandible in Old Age== {{Mandible images}} {{Gray Anatomy}}