From Embryology

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Fig. 38. Head Of A Chick Of The Third Day

Viewed Sideways As A Transparent Object. (From Huxley.)

I a. the vesicle of the cerebral hemisphere. 1 6. the vesicle of the third ventricle (the original fore-brain) ; at its summit is seen the projection of the pineal gland e.

Below this portion of the brain is seen, in optical section, the optic vesicle a already involuted with its thick inner and thinner outer wall (the letter a is placed on the junction of the two, the primary cavity being almost obliterated). In the centre of the vesicle lies the lens, the shaded portion being the expression of its cavity. Below the lens between the two limbs of the horseshoe is the choroidal fissure.

II. the mid-brain. III. the hind-brain. V. the rudiments of the fifth cranial nerve, VII. of the seventh. Below the seventh nerve is seen the auditory vesicle b. The head having been subjected to pressure, the vesicle appears somewhat distorted as if squeezed out of place. The orifice is not yet quite closed up.

I, the inferior maxillary process of the first visceral or mandibular fold. Below, and to the right of this, is seen the first visceral cleft, below that again the second visceral fold (2), and lower down the third (3) and fourth (4) visceral folds. In front of the folds (i.e. to the left) is seen the arterial end of the heart r the aortic arches being buried in their respective visceral folds.

f. represents the mesoblast of the base of the brain and spinal cord.

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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)


Foster, M., Balfour, F. M., Sedgwick, A., & Heape, W. (1883). The Elements of Embryology. (2nd ed.). London: Macmillan and Co.

The Elements of Embryology (1883)

Volume 1 The History of the Chick: Egg structure and incubation beginning | Summary whole incubation | First day | Second day - first half | Second day - second half | Third day | Fourth day | Fifth day | Sixth day to incubation end
Volume 2 The History of the Mammalian Embryo: General Development | Embryonic Membranes and Yolk-Sac | Organs from Epiblast | Organs from Mesoblast | Alimentary Canal | Appendix

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current09:12, 11 January 2011Thumbnail for version as of 09:12, 11 January 2011432 × 416 (46 KB)S8600021 (talk | contribs)FIG. 38. HEAD OF A CHICK OF THE THIRD DAY VIEWED SIDEWAYS AS A TRANSPARENT OBJECT. (From Huxley.) I a. the vesicle of the cerebral hemisphere. 1 6. the vesicle of the third ventricle (the original fore-brain) ; at its summit is seen the projection of th