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CDC USA Congenital Abnormality Graph

Estimated annual number of United States children with long-term sequelae caused by various disease conditions.

  • Congenital cytomegalovirus data are from a literature review, with varying collection periods spanning multiple years.
  • Down syndrome data are from the National Birth Defects Prevention Network, 1999-2001.
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome data are from a literature review of studies from the 1980s and 1990s.
  • Spina bifida/anencephaly data are from 23 population based surveillance systems from 1999-2000.
  • Pediatric HIV/AIDS data are from the HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 2001.
  • Haemophilus influenza b data are from the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance Report, 2002.

Assumes 4 million live births per year and 20 million children less than 5 years of age. Where applicable, numbers represent means of published estimates. All estimates should be considered useful for rough comparisons only since surveillance methodology, time periods, and diagnostic accuracy varied by study.


Links: Cytomegalovirus | Trisomy 21 | Fetal Alcohol Syndrome


Reference

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Congenital CMV Infection Trends and Statistics http://www.cdc.gov/cmv/trends-stats.html, viewed 6 November 2012 (EST).


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