File:Boyden1931 plate01.jpg

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Plate 1

6 Horseshoe kidney dissected in situ. From white male, fifty-eight years of age.

Note left inferior vena cava; disc-shaped suprarenal gland; multiple renal, suprarenal, and internal spermatic vessels.

Ao., thoracic aorta; A. 1, Z, 3, right renal arteries (1, from right lateral side of aorta at level of second lumbar vein; 2, from right anterior surface of aorta, 14 mm. above inferior mesenteric artery; 3, arises in common with AC3, from left anterior surface of aorta between second and third lumbar vertebrae); A’. 1, 2, 3, left renal arteries (see legend for fig. 1; and note median branch to isthmus of kidney); Fourthlumb/ucrt., bottom of fourth lumbar vertebra; Il.a. and Il.v., common iliac artery and vein; Inf.mes.a. and L.col.a., inferior mesenteric and left colic arteries (the accompanying branches of the portal vein are omitted from the drawing); Inf.phr.a.+12., left inferior phrenic vessels; Int.sp.'u.+m1., right and left internal spermatic veins ; End lumb.'u., second lumbar vein, branching from right inferior side of transverse portion of vena. cava (chief connection of latter with right ascending lumbar vein); Sup.mes.a., superior mesenteric artery;'u., left suprarenal gland and its principal vein; Ur. and Ur’., right and left ureters, passing anterior to isthmus of kidney; 17. and V’.1,2,3’, 4, right and left renal veins; X, common stern of right renal and internal spermatic veins (see text for interpretation).


Boyden EA. Description of a horseshoe kidney associated with left inferior vena cava and disc-shaped suprarenal glands, together with a note on the occurrence of horseshoe kidneys in human embryos. (1931) Anat. Rec. 51(2): 187-211.

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, February 22) Embryology Boyden1931 plate01.jpg. Retrieved from

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© Dr Mark Hill 2024, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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