Paper - Structure and development of the pig skull

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Parker WK. On the structure and development of the skull in the pig (sus scrofa). (1874)


Description of the Plates

PLATE XXVIII

Parker1874 plate28.jpg


First Stage. Embryo Pig., f inch in length.

Fig. 1. Side view of upper part of embryo. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 2. A plan of the same, with facial arches. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 3. A front view of the same. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 4. A palatal view of the same, with the mandible and lower face removed. X 15 diameters.

Fig. 5. A plan of the skull and face, seen from below. X 10 diameters.

Fig. 6. A vertical section of the head. X 10 diameters.

Fig. 7. Part of the same, with median part of nasal region removed. X -0 diameters.

Fig. 8. Upper view of a horizontal section of the head, x 10 diameters.


PLATE XXIX

Parker1874 plate28.jpg


Fig. 1. Transversely vertical section of the nose, in front, X 12 diameters.

Fig. 2. A similar section through the middle of the nasal region. X 12 diameters.

Fig. 3. Another section through the posterior nasal region. X 12 diameters.

Fig, 4. Horizontal section below the cranial cavity, exposing first arch, notochord, and investing mass. X 10 diameters.

Fig. 5. A subhorizontal section through the eyes and root of tongue. X 10 diameters.

Fig. 6. Part of the head, with outer part of cheek pared away. X 12 diameters.

Fig. 7. A section made through the plane of the hinder part of cranium. X 12 diameters.

Fig. 8. Part of same section. X 20 diameters.

Fig. 9. A similar section. X 26 diameters.

Fig 10. Another subhorizontal section through the top of the first postoral cleft. X 20 diameters.

PLATE XXX

Second Stage. Embryo Pig, 1 inch long.


Fig. 1. Section across the end of the snout. X 10 diameters.

Fig. 2. Section through ethmoid region, root of tongue, and larynx, x 12 diameters.

Fig. 3. Section nearly in plane of the notochordal region, front view. X 10 diameters.

Fig. 4. A similar section, lower down, x 10 diameters.

Fig. 5. Part of a similar section through apex of mandibular arch, front view, x 15 diameters.

Fig. 6. A similar section through apex of next arch, front view, x 15 diameters. Fig. 7. Another similar section through periotic capsule in plane of horizontal canal. X 10 diameters.

Third Stage. Embryo Pig, 1^ inch long.

Fig. 8. Part of a section through top of second postoral arch, corresponding with fig. C

of second stage, front view. X 15 diameters. Fig. 9. Side view of the three postoral arches. X 15 diameters.

PLATE XXXI.

Third Stage (continued).

Fig. 1. 1st section through nasal region. X 7^ diameters.

Fig. 2. 2nd section of same, x 7^ diameters.

Fig. 2". Part of fig. 2. X 22^ diameters.

Fig. 3. 3rd section of same. X 7| diameters.

Fig. 3". Part of same section, x 22^ diameters.

Fig. 4, 4th section of same, X 7-| diameters.

Fig. 5. 5th section of same. X 7-^- diameters.

Fig. 6. 6th section of same. X 7^ diameters.

Fig. 6". Part of fig. 6. x 20 diameters.

Fig. 7. 7th section of nasal region, x 7 ^ diameters.

Fig. 7a. Mandibular portion of same section, x 7^ diameters.

Fig. 8. 8th section of same. X 7^ diameters.

Fig. 8". Mandibular portion of same section. X 7^ diameters.

Fig. 9. 9th section of nasal region. X 7^ diameters.

Fig. 10. 10th section of same. X 7| diameters.

Fig. 11. 11th section of same. X 'i^ diameters.

Fig. 12. 12th section of same. X 7| diameters.

Fig. 13. 13th section of same, head. X 7-^ diameters.

Fig. 14. 14th section of same, head. X 7^ diameters.

Fig. 14". Part of fig. 14. x 14 diameters.


PLATE XXXII.

Third Stage (continued).

Fig. 1. 15th section of same, head, x 7 diameters.

Fig. 2. 16th section of same, head. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 3. 17th section of same, head. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 4. 18th section of same, head, x 7 diameters.

Fig. 5. 19th section of same (part back view). X 14 diameters.

Fig. 6. 20th section of same, head (back view). X 10 diameters.

Fig. 7. 21st section of same (part back view). X 14 diameters.

Fig. 8. 21st part of section (front view), x 14 diameters.

Fig. 9. Hinder part of a section taken liorizontally through the nasal region (front view) X 10 diameters.

Fig. 10. A similar section of same taken further backwards and lower down (back view) X 10 diameters.


PLATE XXXIIL

Third Stage (continued).

Fig. 1. 22nd section of the same head (part seen from the front). X 14 diameters.

Fig. 2. Vertical section of head, x 5 diameters.

Fig. 3. The same, with brain and septum nasi removed. X 5 diameters.

Fourth Stage, — Embryo Pig, 2-| inches long.

Fig. 4. Vertically transverse section through fore part of brain. X 5 diameters.

Fig. 5. A similar section through fore part of orbit (part), x 5 diameters.

Fig. 6. A like section through hind part of orbit (part), x 5 diameters.

Fig. 7. A similar section througli sphenoid (part). X 5 diameters.

Fig. 8. Part of same section (right side). X 14 diameters.

Fig. 9. A similar section through the fore part of auditory sac. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 10. Another section through hinder part of same. X 14 diameters.


Fifth Stage. Embryo Pig, 3 inches long.

Fig. 11. Section through posterior sphenoid. X 3^ diameters.


PLATE XXXIV.

Fourth Stage (continued).

Fig. 1. Side view of skull. X 3^ diameters.

Fig. 2. Lower view of same. X ^\ diameters.

Fig. 3. End view of same. X 3^ diameters.

Fig. 4. Upper occipital region of a somewhat younger embryo. X 3^ diameters.

Fig. 5. Section of skull (vertical). X 3|- diameters.

Fig. 6. Bird's-eye view of primordial skull. X 3^ diameters.

Fig. 7. Inner view of compound mandible. X 3^ diameters.

Fig. 8. 1st section through nasal region, X 7 diameters.

Fig. 9. 2nd section of same part. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 10. 3rd section through nose. X 7 diameters.

Fig. 11. 4th section of same, x 7 diameters.

Fig. 12. 5th section through inferior turbinal. X 7 diameters.



PLATE XXXV.

Sixth Stage. Embryo Pig, 6 i7iches long.

Fig. 1. Side view of skull, x 1-2 diameter.

Fig. 2. Lower view of same, x li diameter.

Fig. 3. Vertical section of same. X 1^^ diameter.

Fig. 4. Bird's-eye view of primordial skull. X 1^ diameter.

Fig. 5. Outer view of occipital and auditory regions. X 2 diameters.

Fig. 6. Transversely vertical section through inferior turbinals. X 3 diameters.

Fig. 7. Another through ethmoids. X 3 diameters.

Fig. 8. Part of section through hinder part of nasal labyrinth, x 3 diameters.

Fig. 9. Section through orbits. X 2 diameters.

Fig. 10. Part of section through anterior sphenoid. X 3 diameters.

Fig. 11. Section through hinge of lower jaw. X 2 diameters.

Fig. 12. Section through pcriotic mass and basioccipital. x 3 diameters.



PLATE XXXVI.

Seventh Stage. Pig at Birth.

Fig. 1. Under view of sncut-cartilagcs. X 5 diameters.

Fig. 2. Auditory capsule, hyoid, and occiput. X o\ diameters.

Fig. 3. Auditory chain of bones. X 5 diameters.

Eighth Stage. Pig, G months old.

Fig. 4. Lower view of skull. Natural size.


PLATE XXXVII.

Fig. 1. Side view of same. Natural size.

Fig. 2. End view of same. Natural size.

Fig. 3. Side view of lower jaw. Natural size.



Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, August 24) Embryology Paper - Structure and development of the pig skull. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Paper_-_Structure_and_development_of_the_pig_skull

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© Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G