File:Hindlimb Tbx2 model.jpg

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Model of Tbx2 function in the posterior hindlimb mesenchyme

During normal limb bud outgrowth (E10.5) the expression domains of Shh (red), Grem1 (yellow) and Fgf4/9/17 (green) are in close proximity allowing propagation of the e-m signaling loop. Following proliferative expansion of ZPA-derived cells, a broadened Tbx2 expression (blue) causes Grem1 repression. Progressive displacement of Grem1-secreting cells from the AER terminates e-m signaling (E11.5, dotted arrows). The diagrams illustrate these dynamic signaling activities. Failure of Grem1 repression in Tbx2-deficient hindlimbs causes prolonged e-m signaling.


Links: Limb Development | TBX | mouse


Human TBX Family  
Table - Human Tbx Family
Approved
Symbol
Approved Name Previous Symbols Synonyms Chromosome
TBX1 T-box 1 VCF CATCH22 22q11.21
TBX2 T-box 2 17q23.2
TBX3 T-box 3 UMS "TBX3-ISO, XHL" 12q24.21
TBX4 T-box 4 17q23.2
TBX5 T-box 5 HOS 12q24.21
TBX6 T-box 6 16p11.2
TBX10 T-box 10 TBX7 TBX13 11q13.2
TBX15 T-box 15 TBX14 1p12
TBX18 T-box 18 6q14.3
TBX19 T-box 19 "dj747L4.1, TPIT" 1q24.2
TBX20 T-box 20 7p14.2
TBX21 T-box 21 "TBLYM, T-bet" 17q21.32
TBX22 T-box 22 "CPX, CLPA" Xq21.1
TBX23P T-box 23, pseudogene TBX23 1q25
TBR1 T-box, brain 1 2q24.2
EOMES eomesodermin TBR2 3p24.1
MGA MGA, MAX dimerization protein "KIAA0518, MAD5, MXD5, FLJ12634" 15q15
TBXT T-box transcription factor T T 6q27
    Links: Developmental Signals - Tbx | OMIM Tbx3 | HGNC | Bmp Family | Sox Family | Tbx Family

Reference

Farin HF, Lüdtke TH, Schmidt MK, Placzko S, Schuster-Gossler K, Petry M, Christoffels VM & Kispert A. (2013). Tbx2 terminates shh/fgf signaling in the developing mouse limb bud by direct repression of gremlin1. PLoS Genet. , 9, e1003467. PMID: 23633963 DOI.

Copyright

© 2013 Farin et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Figure 7. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003467.g007 Original figure cropped, adjusted in size and labelling.


Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2019, August 21) Embryology Hindlimb Tbx2 model.jpg. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/File:Hindlimb_Tbx2_model.jpg

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© Dr Mark Hill 2019, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G

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current10:48, 7 December 2014Thumbnail for version as of 10:48, 7 December 20141,000 × 607 (84 KB)Z8600021 (talk | contribs)==Model of Tbx2 function in the posterior hindlimb mesenchyme== (A) During normal limb bud outgrowth (E10.5) the expression domains of Shh (red), Grem1 (yellow) and Fgf4/9/17 (green) are in close proximity allowing propagation of the e-m signaling loo...
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