Book - The Nervous System of Vertebrates (1907) Figures

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Johnston JB. The Nervous System of Vertebrates. (1907) Blakiston's Son & Co., London.

   1907 The Nervous System of Vertebrates: 1 The Study of the Nervous System | 2 General Morphology of the Nervous System | 3 Development of the Nervous System | 4 Nerve Elements and Their Functions | 5 The Functional Divisions of the Nervous System | 6 Somatic Afferent Division. General Cutaneous Subdivision | 7 Somatic Afferent Division. Special Cutaneous Subdivision | 8 Somatic Afferent Division. The Visual Apparatus | 9 The Visceral Afferent Division | 10 The Olfactory Apparatus | 11 The Somatic Motor Division | 12 The Visceral Efferent Division | 13 The Sympathetic System | 14 Centers of Correlation | 15 The Cerebellum | 16 Centers of Correlation. The Mesencephalon and Diencephalon | 17 Correlating Centers in the Diencephalon (Continued) | 18 The Evolution of the Cerebral Hemispheres | 19 The Neopallium | Figures
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List of Illustrations

1. Outlines of the spinal cord with the dorsal and ventral roots in Petromyzon and in a mammal 14

2. The brain of Heptanchus 15

3. The medulla oblongata of the lake sturgeon (Acipenser rubi cundus), to show the longitudinal zones 16

4. Two views of the brain of the buffalo fish, Carpiodes velifer (Raf.); (i) from above; (2) from the right side. From C. Judson Herrick after C. L. Herrick 17

5. Simple diagrams of the branchial nerves of lower vertebrates as seen from the left side 19

6. A diagram of the lateral line canals and pit organs together with the nerves which supply them, in a ganoid fish (Amia calva). After E. Phelps Allis. 21

7. A sketch of the brain of Chimaera monstrosa from the left side to show especially the position of the nerve roots 23

8. The outline of the brain ventricles as seen from above; A, of a cyclostome fish, Lampetra Wilderi; B, of a selachian, Mustelus canis; C, of a young specimen of a bony fish, Coregonus albus; D, of a tailed amphibian, Necturus maculatus 25

9. A diagram of one side of the forebrain in Mustelus to show what is believed to be the primitive relations of the wall and ventricle 26

10. The outline of the ventricles in man 26

11. The mesial surface of the right half of the brain of a selachian, Squalus acanthias ' ' 29

12. A sketch of the brain of a cyclostome fish, Lampetra Wilderi, as seen from the left side 3

Johnston1907 fig013.jpg

13. Sections of the neural plate and folds in amphibia, Amblystoma tigrinum and A. punctatum

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14. Transverse section of the neural tube of Amblystoma puncta tum just after closing

Johnston1907 fig015.jpg

15. Transverse section through the neural tube, neural crest and ectoderm of Amblystoma at a later stage than that shown in Fig. 14

Johnston1907 fig016.jpg

16. Same as Fig. 15, later stage

Johnston1907 fig017.jpg

17. A part of the spinal cord of an i8-day Catostomus embryo, showing the giant ganglion cells

Johnston1907 fig018.jpg

18. Figures of the brain of a selachian embryo (Squalus acanthias) to show the history of the neuromeres. After Locy.

Johnston1907 fig019.jpg

19. Figures to show the history of the neuromeres in a bony fish and in the chick. After Hill

Johnston1907 fig020.jpg

20. The brain of a pig embryo of 12 mm. from the right side. From Minot as drawn and revised by Dr. F. T. Lewis. 41

Johnston1907 fig021.jpg

21. Transverse sections through the region of the optic vesicle in embryos of: A, Torpedo ocellata; B, Gallus domesticus; C, Cavia cobaya. After Froriep

Johnston1907 fig022.jpg

22. The development of the optic vesicles in Amblystoma punc tatum

23. A part of a transverse section of the inferior lobe of the stur geon, stained by the Golgi method 47

24. A horizontal section of the nucleus praeopticus of the sturgeon, by the Golgi method 48

25. A part of a transverse section of the optic lobe of the sturgeon, by the Golgi method 49

26. The ganglion of the IX nerve in Amblystoma punctatum at the time of formation of the central processes 51

27. A few cells of the trigeminal ganglion of Amblystoma puncta tum with the fibers of the ramus mandibularis growing out from them 51

28. A, a diagram of the head of Petromyzon at a stage when the neural crest is segmented into the anlages of the cranial ganglia. B, a similar diagram at a later stage when all the cranial nerves are to be recognized. After Koltzoff. 52

29. Three diagrams of the head of Squalus acanthias to show the differentiation of the neural crest into the cranial ganglia. After Neal 53

30. A reconstruction of the peripheral nerves in a four weeks human embryo, 6.9 mm. long. From Streeter 54

31. Reconstruction of peripheral nerves in four weeks human embryo, 7.0 mm. long. From Streeter 55

32. Reconstruction of peripheral nerves in six weeks human em bryo, 17.5 mm. long. From Streeter 56

33. Three stages in the development of the acustico-lateral system in the sea bass. From H. V. Wilson 57

34. A transverse section through the nasal sac of an embryo of a bony fish at about the time of hatching, to show the origin of the fibers of the olfactory nerve 61

35. Two figures representing the formation of unipolar cells in the spinal ganglion of the dog embryo. After Van Gehuchten 62

36. A median sagittal section of the head of an embryo Ambly stoma punctatum 67

37. Diagrams representing the development of the buccal cavity, hypophysis and nasal pit in Amphioxus and Petromyzon. After Legros 68

38. A diagram representing the segmentation in a generalized vertebrate head 71

39. Several types of nerve cells from the central and peripheral nervous system of vertebrates 78

40. A unipolar nerve cell from the brain of Carcinas to illustrate Bethe's experiment 80

41. Diagrams intended to show several forms of reflex chains in the nervous system of vertebrates 83

42. A portion of the subepithelial nervous network in the palate of the frog. From Prentiss 86

43. A portion of the nervous network about the walls of a small vessel in the palate of the frog. From Prentiss 87

44. Two ganglion cells of the nervous network in the intestinal wall of the leech Pontobdella, showing neurofibrillae passing through the cells. From Bethe after Apathy 88

45. A diagram of the component elements in the spinal cord and the nerve roots of a trunk segment, to illustrate the relations of the four functional divisions of the nervous system 97

46. Diagrams to represent the extent and arrangement of the functional divisions in the brain of a selachian 100

47. A diagram to show the arrangement of the two afferent divis ions in the brain of man 101

48. General cutaneous endings in the skin of a cyclostome, Lam petra Wilderi 105

49. A diagrammatic representation of the general cutaneous com ponents of a trunk segment 106

50. A simple diagram of the general cutaneous components in the cranial and spinal nerves of a fish 107

51. A reconstruction of the cranial nerves of Petromyzon dorsatus to show the arrangement and distribution of the several systems of nerve components 108

52. The principal sensory collaterals in the spinal cord of the new-born rat. From Cajal 109

53. Some cells of the dorsal horn in the chick embryo of five days. From Cajal in

54. Transverse section of the substance of Rolando of the cervical cord in the new-born cat. From Cajal 112

55. Cells in the dorsal horn of the cord in a chick embryo of nineteen days incubation. From Cajal 113

56. Transverse section through the spinal V tract and the sub stance of Rolando in a new-born rabbit. From Cajal 114

57. A, transverse section of the spinal cord of Lampetra to show the ceils of the dorsal horn 115

58. A, transverse section of the tuberculum acusticum of Lam petra; B, a sagittal section of the cerebellum of the same animal 116

59. A diagram representing the centers and fiber tracts related to the general cutaneous components in fishes 118

60. A diagram representing the general cutaneous centers and fiber tracts in the human brain 120

61. A large and a small neuromast from a sucker embryo at about the time of hatching 124

62. A diagram of the lateral line canals and nerves in Amia. After E. Phelps Allis 125

63. A reconstruction of the chief rami of the cranial nerves in a bony fish, Menidia, to show the arrangement of the several systems of components. After C. Judson Herrick 129

64. Transverse section of the brain of the sturgeon at the level of the VII and VIII nerves 131

65. Transverse section of the brain of the sturgeon at the level of the V nerve 132

66. Transverse section of the brain of Scy Ilium to show the fold ing of the cerebellar crest and tuberculum acusticum 133

67. Transverse section of the acusticum of the sturgeon to show acusticum cells and a Purkinje cell 134

68. A section through the same region as in Fig. 67, to show cell forms intermediate between the acusticum and Purkinje cells. 136

69. A diagram to show the central endings of the special cutaneous components in fishes 138

70. A diagram to show the central ending of the vestibular and cochlear nerves and of the optic tract in man and the chief secondary tracts related to them 140

71. A, a section through the retina of a mouse embryo of 15 mm.;

B, a section through the retina of a chick embryo of fourteen days incubation; C, a section of the retina of a dog. From Cajal 144

72. Cells from the retina of the chicken. From Cajal 145

73. The tectum opticum of the sturgeon 147

74. A section of the optic lobe of a bird. From Cajal 149

75. A series of diagrams intended to illustrate the origin and mode of formation of the optic vesicle in vertebrates 151

76. A sketch showing the relations of the two epiphyses in verte brates 152

77. A diagrammatic representation of the general visceral sensory components in a trunk segment 155

78. A transverse section through the region of Clarke's column of the thoracic cord of a new-born dog. From Cajal 156

79. A reconstruction of the cranial nerve components in a tailed amphibian, Amblystoma. After Coghill 158

80. A simple diagram of the visceral nerves of the head in fishes. 159

81. Four transverse sections through the medulla oblongata of the frog to show the position and ending of the fasciculus communis and nucleus commissuralis 160

82. Transverse section through the medulla oblongata of a mouse at the level of the nucleus commissuralis. From Cajal . . 161

83. Transverse section through the medulla oblongata of a mouse four days old. From Cajal 162

84. A, a transverse section through the medulla oblongata of the sturgeon at the level of the X nerve; B, at the level of the IX nerve 163

85. Sense organs of bony fishes. A, a taste bud from the oesopha gus of Catostomus at the time of hatching; B, a taste bud from the pharynx of the same embryo; C, two neuromasts from the skin of the same embryo 165

86. A taste organ from the pharynx of the ammocoetes of Petro myzon dorsatus 166

87. A taste bud from the skin of an adult Lampetra 167

88. A projection of the cutaneous branches of the communis root of the right facial nerve in a bony fish, Ameiurus. From C. Judson Herrick 168

89. A parasagittal section through the brain of the spotted sucker, Minytrema melanops, to show the gustatory centers and tracts. From C. Judson Herrick 170

90. A diagram of the gustatory paths in the brain of the carp as seen from the left side. From C. Judson Herrick . . . . 172

91. Part of a sagittal section of the brain of a newly hatched bony fish 173

92. A diagram representing the centers and tracts related to the visceral sensory components in fishes 174

93. A transverse section through the olfactory epithelium of a bony fish at the time of hatching 177

94. An oblique section through the forebrain of Lampetra . . . 178

95. A horizontal section through the olfactory bulb of the sturgeon 179

96. A spindle cell and two granules from the olfactory bulb of the sturgeon 180

97. An olfactory glomerulus from the brain of the sturgeon . . 181

98. Cells with short neurites in the olfactory bulb. From Cajal. 182

99. A transverse section of the forebrain of the sturgeon at the level of the anterior commissure 184

100. An outline of the median sagittal section of the forebrain of Lampetra 185

101. A diagram of the olfactory conduction paths in the sturgeon. 187

102. A diagrammatic representation of the somatic motor compo nents of a trunk segment 191

103. An early stage in the formation of the pectoral fin and brachial plexus in a selachian, Spinax. After Braus ... 192

104. The formation of the cervical plexus in a selachian, Hexan chus. After Fiirbringer 193

105. A transverse section through the nucleus of origin of the III nerve in Lampetra 195

106. A diagrammatic representation of the visceral efferent com ponents in a trunk segment 199

107. Diagram to show the central relations of the IX, X and XI nerves in mammals according to Onuf and Collins . . . 201

108. A diagram of the sympathetic system and the arrangement of its neurones in a mammal. Chiefly after Huber . . . 209

109. Diagram illustrating the spinal representation of the sympa thetic nerve in a mammal. From Onuf and Collins ... 210 no. A diagram to illustrate Langley J s " axone reflex " .... 213 in. Tract cells in the spinal cord of the trout. After Van Ge huchten 219

112. The relations of the cerebellum, brachium conjunctivum and gustatory tracts in selachians (Scyllium) 226

113. Transverse section through the cerebellum of the sturgeon . 227

114. Transverse section through the cerebellum and secondary gustatory nucleus of the sturgeon 228

115. Transverse section of the brain of the sturgeon at the junc tion of cerebellum and midbrain 229

116. Transverse section through the midbrain of the sturgeon . . 230

117. The relations of the cerebellum, brachium conjunctivum and gustatory tracts in a ganoid fish (Acipenser) . . . . 231

118. A, the left lateral aspect of the brain of a pouch specimen of Dasyurus viverrinus; B, median sagittal section through the cerebellum of the same brain. After G. Elliot Smith . 232

119. A diagram representing the fundamental and more constant secondary fissures of the mammalian cerebellum spread out in one plane. After G. Elliot Smith 234

120. The mesial surface of the right half of the brain of Squalus acanthias 236

121. A diagrammatic transverse section of one fold of the cere bellum. From Koelliker 238

122. Net-like fiber ending in the human cerebellum. After Cajal. 241

123. Two schemes to show the course of impulses in the cerebellar cortex. From Cajal 242

124. Two transverse sections through the cerebellum of Scyllium. 244

125. A transverse section through the cerebellum of Necturus . . 246

126. A transverse section through the deep gray nuclei of the cerebellum of man 2 47

127. Outline transverse sections through the mesencephalon of a cyclostome, a 'selachian, a ganoid, a bony fish, an amphibian and a mammal 255

128. Transverse section of the diencephalon of the rat at the level of the body of Luys. From Cajal 257

129. Transverse section of the dorso-mesial portion of the posterior corpus quadrigeminum of the new-born dog. From Cajal. 259

130. Transverse section of the anterior corpus quadrigeminum of the rabbit of eight days. From Cajal 260

131. Lower part of the corpus geniculatum laterale of a new-born cat. From Cajal 262

132. Nucleus of posterior commissure in Lampetra 266

133. Transverse section through the corpora mammillaria of the sturgeon 270

134. Transverse section through the inferior lobes of the sturgeon. 272

135. Transverse section through the posterior commissure of the sturgeon 273

136. Scheme of the connections of the mammillary tracts, nucleus habenulae and the nucleus dorsalis thalami. From Cajal. 274

137. Sagittal section of the tuber cinereum of a new-born rat. From Cajal 275

138. Sagittal section of the tuber cinereum of the rat of eight days. From Cajal 276

139. A scheme to show the embryological relations of the nucleus habenulae and the inferior lobes in fishes 277

140. Nucleus habenulae of the sturgeon 278

141. Transverse sections through the nucleus habenulae and the facial lobe of a young Amia . . . . 279

142. Transverse section of the habenular nuclei in the dog. From Cajal 280

143. The efferent tract to the saccus vasculosus in the sturgeon.. 283

144. A general scheme of the saccus apparatus 284

145. A diagram of the fiber tracts in the forebrain of a cyclostome (Lampetra) 294

146. An oblique section through the inferior lobes and forebrain of Lampetra 296

147. A diagram of the fiber tracts in the forebrain of a selachian (chiefly after Kappers) 299

148. A diagram of the fiber tracts in the forebrain of a bony fish (chiefly after Goldstein) 302

149. A transverse section of the brain of the sturgeon behind the anterior commissure 303

150. A diagram of the fiber tracts in the forebrain of a tailed amphibian (Necturus) 306

151. Simple diagrams to show the history of the epistriatum in fishes and amphibia 308

152. Sketches of transverse sections through (A) the caudal part of the epistriatum in amphibia and (B) the corresponding structure in Ornithorhynchus. B after G. Elliot Smith . 310

153. A sagittal section of the forebrain and interbrain of a chick embryo of 7.0 days. After Minot 312

154. Part of a transverse section of the cortex of a chameleon. After Cajal 313

155. Transverse section through the forebrain of Lacerta at the level of the anterior commissure. After Cajal 314

156. A transverse section through the right lateral lobe of the forebrain of Lacerta. After Cajal 315

157. A diagram of the mesial surface of the hemisphere of a reptile to show the extent of the hippocampus and related structures. 316

158. A mesial sagittal section of the brain of an embryo of Sphe nodon punctatum. From G. Elliot Smith 317

159. The mesial surface of the right half of the brain of Ornitho rhynchus. From G. Elliot Smith 318

1 60. The mesial surface of the cerebral hemisphere of a marsupial (Phascolarctos). From G. Elliot Smith 319

161. Portion of a transverse section through the brain of a Moni tor (Hydrosaurus). From G. Elliot Smith 320

162. Transverse section of the cerebral hemispheres of Ornitho rhynchus. From G. Elliot Smith 321

163. Plan of cerebral hemispheres, lamina terminalis and optic thalami in horizontal section. From G. Elliot Smith . . 322

164. Sagittal section of the commissural and precommissural regions of the hemisphere of Ornithorhynchus. From G. Elliot Smith 323

165. Ventral surface of the brain of Ornithorhynchus. After G. Elliot Smith 324

166. Transverse section of the brain of a rat of four days through

the anterior commissure. From Cajal 325

167. Diagram of the mesial surface of (A) the hemisphere of a monotreme and (B) that of a mammal to show the extent and relations of the hippocampus 326

168. Schemes to explain the expansion of the corpus callosum and the formation of the septum pellucidum. After figures by G. Elliot Smith 328

169. Scheme of cerebral commissures and the margin of the cor tex of the human brain. From G. Elliot Smith .... 330

170. Scheme of the structure and connections of the hippocampus. From Cajal 332

171. Structure of the cerebral cortex 339

172. Diagram showing the probable course of impulses in the cells of the cerebral cortex. After Cajal 340

173. Scheme of long association tracts in the cerebral cortex. After Cajal 342

174. Scheme of commissural and projection fibers of the cortex. After Cajal 343

175. The primordial areas in the cerebral hemispheres, lateral surface. From Flechsig 346

176. The primordial areas in the hemispheres, mesial surface. From Flechsig . . .' 347

177. The primordial areas and border zones of the association fields, lateral surface. From Flechsig 350

178. The primordial areas and border zones of the association fields, mesial surface. From Flechsig . . . 350

179. Diagram of lateral surface of hemisphere showing localiza tion of functions 351

180. Diagram of mesial surface of hemisphere showing localiza tion of functions 351



   1907 The Nervous System of Vertebrates: 1 The Study of the Nervous System | 2 General Morphology of the Nervous System | 3 Development of the Nervous System | 4 Nerve Elements and Their Functions | 5 The Functional Divisions of the Nervous System | 6 Somatic Afferent Division. General Cutaneous Subdivision | 7 Somatic Afferent Division. Special Cutaneous Subdivision | 8 Somatic Afferent Division. The Visual Apparatus | 9 The Visceral Afferent Division | 10 The Olfactory Apparatus | 11 The Somatic Motor Division | 12 The Visceral Efferent Division | 13 The Sympathetic System | 14 Centers of Correlation | 15 The Cerebellum | 16 Centers of Correlation. The Mesencephalon and Diencephalon | 17 Correlating Centers in the Diencephalon (Continued) | 18 The Evolution of the Cerebral Hemispheres | 19 The Neopallium | Figures

Johnston JB. The Nervous System of Vertebrates. (1907) Blakiston's Son & Co., London.

Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
Mark Hill.jpg
Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, February 24) Embryology Book - The Nervous System of Vertebrates (1907) Figures. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Book_-_The_Nervous_System_of_Vertebrates_(1907)_Figures

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