Book - Human Embryology (1945)

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Hamilton WJ. Boyd JD. and Mossman HW. Human Embryology. (1945) Cambridge: Heffers.

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This 1945 historic textbook by Hamilton, Boyd and Mossman was used widely for many years and was reissued through many editions. Currently the only content are the chapter titles shown.

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Historic Embryology Textbooks

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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

Human Embryology

William J. Hamilton
Harland W. Mossman

Prenatal Development Form And Function

To the memory

Thomas Hastie Bryce


George Linius Streeter

whom the first edition of this work is dedicated.


This book is a presentation of the subject of human embrjology in the light of the aclvanc which ha\e been made in it during the past twenty years An attempt has been made to ht the developmental history of the embryo into the background of the physiological changes in the maternal organism and to correlate the development of embryonic function with that of its form \Nc have aho tried to introduce the concepts of development which have been establislied b\ the work of experimental embryologists (Chapters I and VIII) These concepts are of c,reat theoretical, and we believe practical importance but, unfortunately, they do not readily lend themselv es to elementary exposition further as they are based almost exclusively on the results of experiments on animals below the mammals it is extremely difficult to present them without assuming a knowledge of comparative Embryology A brief survey of compara tive vertebrate development is therefore, given in the last chapter and if the reader finds difficulty with Chapter VIII it is recommended that he studies Chapter XVI before proceeding with the attempt at mastering the concepts of determination and the organizer Special attention is paid m Chapters V and XVI to placeniation and the embryonic membranes as a knowledge of these aspects of embrvology is of special importance m the study of the problems of embryonic and foetal nutrition and of the prenatal relationship between the mother and the child.

References to embrvological literature arc full not however with the intention that the student shall consult all or even more than a very few of them We feel lint direct reference to the original literature is a habit that the student should acquire early and tint an extensive bibliography gives an opportunity to track down original observations on any aspect of a bio logical problem which may particularly interest the reader For this reason titles of papers have been deliberately given in full even at the expense of lengthening the text It is felt that the bibliographies may also be of service to more senior students.

A sound knowledge of embryology cannot be obtained solely from a textbook We recommend students, therefore to obtain access to serial sections through mammalian or if possible human embryos and to study them carefully Many difficulties in organogenesis can quickly be resolved by reference to such scries and the drawing of a number of representauve sectiors provides n most excellent discipline for acquiring a knowledge of the basic structure of the mammalian body.

London W J H

October 1944 J D B


  1. Introductory Concepts
  2. Formation Maturation and Stiucture of the Germ Cells
  3. Cvclic Chanc»es in the Female Genital Tract
  4. Fertilization Cleavage and Formation of the Germ Layers
  5. The Implantation of the Blastocyst and the Development of the Foetal Membranes Placenta and Decidua
  6. The Fate of the Germ Lavers and the Formation op the Essential (Primary) Tissues including the Blood
  7. Growth of the Embryo Development of External Form Estimation of Embryonic and Foetal Age
  8. Determination Differentiation the Organizer Mechanism Abnormal Development and Twinning
  9. Cardio Vascular System
  10. Alimentarv and Respiratorv Systems Pleural and Peritoneal Cavities
  11. Urogenital System
  12. Nervous System
  13. Skeletal System
  14. Muscle and Fascia
  15. Integumentary System
  16. Comparative Vertebrate Development



Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2020, April 1) Embryology Book - Human Embryology (1945). Retrieved from

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