Book - Vertebrate Zoology (1928) Figures

From Embryology

Vertebrate Zoology G. R. De Beer (1928)

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Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)

List of Illustrations

FIG. I. 2.

3- 4.

5- 6.

7- 8.

9- 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 3i. 32. 33- 34- 35- 36. 37. 38.


39- 40.


41.



Schematic chordate showing gill-slits ..... 3 Section through typical chordate ..... 3 Amphioxus, general view ....... 6 Amphioxus, anterior end ....... 7 Amphioxus, hinder end ....... 9 Amphioxus, vascular system ...... 9 Amphioxus, section through endostyle .... 10 Amphioxus, section through gill-bars ..... 10 Amphioxus, nephridia . . . . . . .11 Amphioxus, transverse sections ...... 14 Petromyzon, general view . . . . . . .21 Petromyzon, anterior region of adult . . . . . 21 Petromyzon, anterior region of Ammoccete . ... 21 Origin of chordate eyes . .... 23 Petromyzon, section through brain ..... 25 Petromyzon, endostyle of Ammoccete ..... 29 Method of kidney formation in chordates .... 32 Petromyzon, urinogenital aperture and anus ... 34 Scyllium, general view ....... 38 Scyllium, section through skin . . . . • 39 Scyllium, auditory sac ....... 40 Scyllium, section through brain ...... 42 Scyllium, ventral view of brain ...... 43 Scyllium, cranial nerves ....... 44 Scyllium, skull and visceral arches ..... 48 Scyllium, pectoral and pelvic girdles ..... 50 Scyllium, alimentary system, and afferent branchial vessels . 52 Kidneys in Gnathostomes ....... 54 Scyllium, male urinogenital system ..... 56 Scyllium, female urinogenital system ..... 57 Scyllium, venous system . . . . . . • 59 Scyllium, arterial system ........ 60 Gadus, general view ........ 65 Gadus, skull and pectoral girdle ...... 67 Gadus, palato-pterygo-quadrate ...... 68 Gadus, neurocranium ....... 69 Gadus, dorsal view of skull ...... 70 Gadus, dissection ........ 76 Ceratodus, general view ....... 80 Ceratodus, skeleton of pectoral fin . . . . .83 Ceratodus, lung, heart and vascular system .... 84

42. 43- 44. 45- 46.


47- 48. 49. 50.


5i- 52.


53- 54. 55- 56.


57- 58.


59- 60. 61. 62.


63. 64. 65. 66.


67. 68. 69. 70.


71- 72.


73- 74. 75- 76.


77. 78.


79- 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87.



90. 91. 92.



Triton, pectoral girdle and fore limb .


Triton, sacrum, pelvic girdle, and hind limb Triton, dorsal view of skull .


Triton, ventral view of skull Triton, dissection Salamandra, dissection Varanus, skull seen from behind Lacerta, pectoral girdle and fore limb Lacerta, sacrum, pelvic girdle and hind limb Lacerta, pectoral girdle and sternum Lacerta, dissection Kidney formation in amniotes Feather, structure Columba, pectoral girdle, wing and sternum Columba, hind limb .


Columba, pelvic girdle Columba, air-sacs Columba, vascular system .


Dog, skull showing foramina Lepus, vertebrae and ribs .


Lepus, vascular system Diagram of arterial arches and vagus nerve Lepus, female urinogenital system Lepus, male urinogenital system Lepus, brain in section and ventral view Diagram of mammalian ear Development of Amphioxus, early stages Amphioxus, origin of notochord, nerve-cord Amphioxus, young embryo and larva Amphioxus, development of mouth, gill-slits Amphioxus, formation of atrium Rana, egg showing grey crescent Rana, formation and closure of blastopore Rana, stages of gastrulation seen in section Closed blastopore of Rana and primitive streak Rana, origin of mesoderm .


Rana, origin of notochord and neural folds Rana, formation of nerve-tube Rana, section showing growth in length Rana, origin of the kidneys.


Rana, origin of the lungs .


Rana, formation of the gill-slits .


Rana, origin of the heart Rana, development of the eyes .


Rana, formation of the ears Gallus, blastoderm incubated 12 and 15 hours Gallus, primitive streak at 10 and 15 hours, verse section ......


Gallus, primitive streak at 10 and 15 hours, tudinal section ..... Gallus, blastoderm incubated 20 hours Gallus, blastoderm incubated 24 hours Gallus, origin of notochord and nerve-cord .



and


, and


of


seen


seen


mesoderm endostyle Gallus


in trans- in longi-


93. Gallus, embryo incubated 30 hours ..... 205 94. Gallus, embryo incubated 30 hours seen in longitudinal section ......... 206 95. Gallus, embryo incubated 30 hours seen in transverse section (posterior region) ....... 207 96. Gallus, embryo incubated 30 hours seen in transverse section (anterior region) ........ 208 97. Gallus, embryo incubated 36 hours ..... 209 98. Gallus, embryo incubated 60 hours . . . . .210 99. Gallus, formation of amnion . . . . . .212 100. Gallus, 4 days incubated, showing allantois . . .214 101. Gallus, formation of amnion, chorion, yolk-sac, and allantois 215 216 217 219 221 223 225 228 229 230 232 235 241 242 244 249 250 251 252 259 262 263 264 266 272 273 275 280 281 282 284 285 286 287 287 289 289 289 289 290


102. Gallus, relations of embryonic membranes

103. Gallus, face of embryo

104. Development of metanephros

105. Section through metanephros

106. Gallus, skeleton of limbs and girdles of embryos incubated 5 and 9 days

107. Development of feather

108. Lepus, early stages of development

109. Lepus, formation of the amnion

110. Lepus, relations of embryonic membranes and placenta in. Lepus, section through placenta

112. Development of hair

113. Developing dogfish, showing blastopore

114. Hypogeophis, embryos showing blastopore

115. Reptile, sections through blastoderm showing origin of blastopore

116. Human embryo, relations of embryonic membranes

117. Perameles, section through placenta

118. Cow, section through placenta

119. Cat, section through placenta

120. Scyllium, development of denticles

121. Development of teeth, in mammals .

122. Development of teeth in the dogfish .

123. Diagram showing methods of tooth-succession .

124. Types of teeth

125. Lacerta, embryo showing relations of ccelom

126. Bird, showing relations of ccelom

127. Mammal, embryo showing relations of ccelom

128. Trout, development of chondrocranium

129. Schematic chondrocranium

130. Relations of splanchnocranium to neurocranium

131. Osteolepis, skull

132. Stegocephalian (Loxomma), skull

133. Seymouria, skull

134. Chelone, skull

135. Testudo, skull

136. Cotylosaur (Captorhinus), skull

137. Ichthyosaurus, skull .

138. Varanus, skull

139. Sphenodon, skull

140. Columba, skull



of the


and


FIG.


141. Theromorph (Mycterosaurus), skull

142. Theromorph (Cynognathus), skull

143. Dog, skull

144. Primate (Chimpanzee), skull

145. Snake, streptostylic skull

146. Chelone, hind view of skull

147. Ornithorhynchus, hind view of skull

148. Varanus, palatal view of skull

149. Dog, palatal view of skull

150. Lower jaws of Varanus and dog

151. Reptilian and mammalian methods of articulation lower jaw, and auditory ossicles .

152. Scyllium, development of vertebral column

153. Vertebral column of Scyllium, Amia, Embolomeri

154. Vertebral column of bony fish, crocodile, and Sphenodon

155. Crocodile, anterior region of vertebral column .


156. Dorsal and ventral ribs .....


157. Cladoselache, pectoral fin . ....


158. Sauripterus, fin, and pentada.ctyl limb 159. Sphenodon, fore limb .....


160. Sphenodon, gastralia and pectoral girdle .


161. Ornithorhynchus, pectoral girdle 162. Evolution of tetrapod limb ....


163. Wings of bird, Pterodactyl, and bat .


164. Fore limbs of Ichthyosaurus, Plesiosaurus, penguin dolphin

165. Homocercal tail

166. Heart and aortic arches ; comparative diagram .

167. Segmentation of the head

168. Development of eye- muscles

169. Section through spinal cord showing relations of nerve-roots and functional components .

170. Diagram of functional nerve components

171. Sections through end-brain of dogfish, frog, Chelonian, and shrew

172. Dorsal view of brains of Petromyzon, Scyllium Ceratodus, Triton, Lacerta, Columba, Lepus

173. Autonomic nervous system

174. Pituitary body of cat

175. Radiation of lower chordates

176. Radiation of amphibia

177. Radiation of reptiles

178. Radiation of birds

179. Radiation of mammals

180. Piltdown skull

181. Rhodesian skull

182. Neanderthal and modern man : skeletons compared

183. Comparison of sections of skulls

184. Comparison of brains of Macroscelides, Tupaia, Tarsius and marmoset


185. Comparison of embryos of dogfish, lizard, chick, rabbit and man


G 291 291 291 291 293 294 294 295 295 296 298 303 304 305 306 308 3ii 313 3H 315 3i6 317 319


320 325 328, 329 355 361


364 369 374 377 389 400 424 432 438 448 455 463 464 467 469 471


Historic Disclaimer - information about historic embryology pages 
Mark Hill.jpg
Pages where the terms "Historic" (textbooks, papers, people, recommendations) appear on this site, and sections within pages where this disclaimer appears, indicate that the content and scientific understanding are specific to the time of publication. This means that while some scientific descriptions are still accurate, the terminology and interpretation of the developmental mechanisms reflect the understanding at the time of original publication and those of the preceding periods, these terms, interpretations and recommendations may not reflect our current scientific understanding.     (More? Embryology History | Historic Embryology Papers)
Vertebrate Zoology 1928: PART I 1. The Vertebrate Type as contrasted with the Invertebrate | 2. Amphioxus, a primitive Chordate | 3. Petromyzon, a Chordate with a skull, heart, and kidney | 4. Scyllium, a Chordate with jaws, stomach, and fins | 5. Gadus, a Chordate with bone | 6. Ceratodus, a Chordate with a lung | 7. Triton, a Chordate with 5-toed limbs | 8. Lacerta, a Chordate living entirely on land | 9. Columba, a Chordate with wings | 10. Lepus, a warm-blooded, viviparous Chordate PART II 11. The development of Amphioxus | 12. The development of Rana (the Frog) | 13. The development of Gallus (the Chick) | 14. The development of Lepus (the Rabbit) PART III 15. The Blastopore | 16. The Embryonic Membranes | 17. The Skin and its derivatives | 18. The Teeth | 19. The Coelom and Mesoderm | 20. The Skull | 21. The Vertebral Column, Ribs, and Sternum | 22. Fins and Limbs | 23. The Tail | 24. The Vascular System | 25. The Respiratory system | 26. The Alimentary system | 27. The Excretory and Reproductive systems | 28. The Head and Neck | 29. The functional divisions of the Nervous system | 30. The Brain and comparative Behaviour | 31. The Autonomic Nervous system | 32. The Sense-organs | 33. The Ductless glands | 34. Regulatory mechanisms | 35. Blood-relationships among the Chordates PART IV 36. The bearing of Physical and Climatic factors on Chordates | 37. The origin of Chordates, and their radiation as aquatic animals | 38. The evolution of the Amphibia : the first land-Chordates | 39. The evolution of the Reptiles | 40. The evolution of the Birds | 41. The evolution of the Mammalia | 42. The evolution of the Primates and Man | 43. Conclusions | Figures | Historic Embryology



Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2024, June 23) Embryology Book - Vertebrate Zoology (1928) Figures. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Book_-_Vertebrate_Zoology_(1928)_Figures

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