Difference between revisions of "Vision - Retina Development"

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==Stage 22==
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==Week 8==
(week 8)
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[[Carnegie stage 22|Stage 22]]
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Revision as of 07:36, 5 March 2012

Notice - Mark Hill
Currently this page is only a template and will be updated (this notice removed when completed).
Retina development (stage 22)

Introduction

Vision Links: vision | lens | retina | placode | extraocular muscle | cornea | eyelid | lacrima gland | vision abnormalities | Student project 1 | Student project 2 | Category:Vision | sensory
Historic Embryology - Vision 
Historic Embryology: 1906 Eye Embryology | 1907 Development Atlas | 1912 Eye Development | 1912 Nasolacrimal Duct | 1917 Extraocular Muscle | 1918 Grays Anatomy | 1921 Eye Development | 1922 Optic Primordia | 1925 Eyeball and optic nerve | 1925 Iris | 1927 Oculomotor | 1928 Human Retina | 1928 Retina | 1928 Hyaloid Canal | Historic Disclaimer

Adult Retina

Historic retina drawing.jpg
Adult Human Retina histology[1]

Eye and retina cartoon.jpg

Vertebrates have ten identifiable layers formed from neurons, their processes (nerve fibers), membranes, photoreceptors and pigmented cells. Light must pass through nearly all these layers to the photoreceptors.

  1. Inner limiting membrane - Müller cell footplates.
  2. Nerve fiber layer - retinal ganglion axons eventually the optic nerve.
  3. Ganglion cell layer - neuronal cell bodies of retinal ganglion cells, their axons form the nerve fiber layer and eventually the optic nerve.
  4. Inner plexiform layer - another layer of neuronal processes.
  5. Inner nuclear layer - neuronal cell bodies
  6. Outer plexiform layer - another layer of neuronal processes.
  7. Outer nuclear layer - neuronal cell bodies
  8. External limiting membrane - layer separating inner segment portions of photoreceptors from their cell nuclei.
  9. Photoreceptor layer - rods and cones that convert light into signals.
  10. Retinal pigment epithelium.


Week 5

Stage 13


Stage 13 image 060.jpgStage 13 image 061.jpg

Week 8

Stage 22


Stage 22 image 208.jpg Stage 22 image 206.jpg

Retinal Pigment Epithelium

Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells are generated directly from the optic neuroepithelium. The choroidal melanocytes, the other pigmented cells, are derived from neural crest cells that have migrated towards the eye.

Retinal pigment epithelium cells:

  • cuboidal cells
  • apical side form multiple villi
    • these villi are in direct contact with the outer segments of the photoreceptor cells
  • lateral sides are joined together by tight, adherens and gap junctions
  • basal side contacts the underlying basal membrane (Bruch’s membrane)


References

  1. <pubmed>12186651</pubmed>| Genome Biol.

Online Textbooks

Reviews

<pubmed>19750521</pubmed> <pubmed>19427305</pubmed> <pubmed>18374618</pubmed> <pubmed>17914430</pubmed> <pubmed>17692298</pubmed> <pubmed>16920202</pubmed>

Bookshelf retina development

Articles

<pubmed>20532172</pubmed> <pubmed>20503381</pubmed> <pubmed>20237275</pubmed> <pubmed>20206598</pubmed> <pubmed>20152110</pubmed> <pubmed>20150723</pubmed> <pubmed>20130177</pubmed> <pubmed>20014102</pubmed> <pubmed>19933188</pubmed>

Search Pubmed

Search Pubmed: retina embryology


Search Entrez: retina embryology


Glossary Links

Glossary: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | Numbers | Symbols | Term Link

Cite this page: Hill, M.A. (2021, April 17) Embryology Vision - Retina Development. Retrieved from https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Vision_-_Retina_Development

What Links Here?
© Dr Mark Hill 2021, UNSW Embryology ISBN: 978 0 7334 2609 4 - UNSW CRICOS Provider Code No. 00098G