Difference between revisions of "Talk:Neural Exam Movies"

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 +
==2018==
 +
 +
J Exp Child Psychol. 2018 Aug;172:189-200. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2018.03.009. Epub 2018 Apr 5.
 +
The redeployment of attention to the mouth of a talking face during the second year of life.
 +
Hillairet de Boisferon A1, Tift AH1, Minar NJ2, Lewkowicz DJ3.
 +
Author information
 +
Abstract
 +
Previous studies have found that when monolingual infants are exposed to a talking face speaking in a native language, 8- and 10-month-olds attend more to the talker's mouth, whereas 12-month-olds no longer do so. It has been hypothesized that the attentional focus on the talker's mouth at 8 and 10 months of age reflects reliance on the highly salient audiovisual (AV) speech cues for the acquisition of basic speech forms and that the subsequent decline of attention to the mouth by 12 months of age reflects the emergence of basic native speech expertise. Here, we investigated whether infants may redeploy their attention to the mouth once they fully enter the word-learning phase. To test this possibility, we recorded eye gaze in monolingual English-learning 14- and 18-month-olds while they saw and heard a talker producing an English or Spanish utterance in either an infant-directed (ID) or adult-directed (AD) manner. Results indicated that the 14-month-olds attended more to the talker's mouth than to the eyes when exposed to the ID utterance and that the 18-month-olds attended more to the talker's mouth when exposed to the ID and the AD utterance. These results show that infants redeploy their attention to a talker's mouth when they enter the word acquisition phase and suggest that infants rely on the greater perceptual salience of redundant AV speech cues to acquire their lexicon.
 +
KEYWORDS:
 +
Audiovisual speech; Eye-tracking; Infants; Selective attention; Speech perception; Vocabulary
 +
PMID: 29627481 PMCID: PMC5920681 [Available on 2019-08-01] DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2018.03.009
 +
 +
 +
==Missing==
 +
https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Neural_Exam_-_30_month_Motor_5
 +
 +
[[Media:30mo 11.mp4|MP4 version]]
 +
 +
 
http://library.med.utah.edu/pedineurologicexam/html/home_exam.html
 
http://library.med.utah.edu/pedineurologicexam/html/home_exam.html
  
Line 4: Line 23:
  
 
Neural Exam - 3 month normal behaviour‎‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal cranial nerves‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal tone - upper extremity | Neural Exam - 3 month normal - hand movements | Neural Exam - 3 month normal tone - lower extremity‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal - head and trunk control
 
Neural Exam - 3 month normal behaviour‎‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal cranial nerves‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal tone - upper extremity | Neural Exam - 3 month normal - hand movements | Neural Exam - 3 month normal tone - lower extremity‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal - head and trunk control
 +
 +
{|
 +
| {{Normal Newborn Neural Exam Table}}
 +
| {{Abnormal Newborn Neural Exam Table}}
 +
| {{Normal Abnormal Newborn Neural Exam Table}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed"
 +
! [[Neural_Exam_Movies#Newborn|Normal Newborn Neural Exam Movies]]
 +
|-
 +
| The newborn neuromuscular system can be initially assessed by 6 quick tests (posture, square window, arm recoil, popliteal angle, scarf sign and heel to ear). Later developmental assessment includes behaviour, reflexes (primitive and postural), muscular tone, and motor (gross, fine, co-ordination).
 +
===Newborn Behaviour===
 +
{|
 +
| {{Newborn behaviour}}
 +
| {{Newborn cranial_nerves}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Tone===
 +
 +
{|
 +
| {{Newborn resting posture}}
 +
| {{Newborn upper extremity}}
 +
| {{Newborn arm traction}}
 +
| {{Newborn arm recoil}}
 +
| {{Newborn scarf sign}}
 +
| {{Newborn hand position}}
 +
| {{Newborn lower extremity}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn leg traction‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn leg recoil‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn popliteal angle‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn heel to ear}}
 +
| {{Newborn neck tone}}
 +
| {{Newborn head lag‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn head control‎}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Positions===
 +
{|
 +
| {{Newborn prone‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn ventral‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn vertical‎}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Reflexes===
 +
{|
 +
| {{Newborn deep tendon reflexes}}
 +
| {{Newborn plantar reflex‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn suck-root}}
 +
| {{Newborn Moro}}
 +
| {{Newborn Galant‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn stepping‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn grasp}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Head===
 +
 +
{|
 +
| {{Newborn head shape}}
 +
| {{Newborn head circumference‎}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
{{Newborn NeuroExam}}
 +
 +
|}
 +
 +
==New Templates==
  
  
Line 391: Line 477:
 
==Newborn Abnormal==
 
==Newborn Abnormal==
 
{{Template:Newborn_NeuroAbExam}}
 
{{Template:Newborn_NeuroAbExam}}
 +
 +
 +
==New Templates==
 +
 +
 +
{{Newborn_ab_behaviour}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_cranial_nerves}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_resting posture}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_upper extremity}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_arm traction}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_arm recoil}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_scarf sign}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_hand position}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_lower extremity}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_leg traction‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_leg recoil‎‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_popliteal angle‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_heel to ear}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_neck tone}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_head lag‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_head control‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_prone‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_ventral‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_vertical‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_deep tendon reflexes}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_plantar reflex‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_suck-root}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_Moro}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_Galant‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_stepping‎‎}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_grasp}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_head shape}}
 +
{{Newborn_ab_head circumference‎}}
  
 
===Newborn Behaviour===
 
===Newborn Behaviour===
Line 563: Line 682:
  
 
:'''Links:''' [[Neural Exam - Newborn behaviour comparison]]
 
:'''Links:''' [[Neural Exam - Newborn behaviour comparison]]
 +
 +
 +
 +
-----------------------
 +
 +
==Newborn==
 +
{{Newborn NeuroExam}}
 +
===Newborn Behaviour===
 +
{|
 +
 +
| [[File:Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg|90px|link=Neural_Exam_-_Newborn_normal_behaviour]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 02.jpg|90px|link=Neural_Exam_-_Newborn_cranial_nerves]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Neural_Exam_-_Newborn normal behaviour|normal behaviour]]
 +
| [[Neural_Exam_-_Newborn_cranial_nerves|cranial nerves]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Tone===
 +
 +
{|
 +
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 03.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - resting posture]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 04.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - upper extremity]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 05.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - arm traction]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 06.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - arm recoil]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 07.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - scarf sign]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 08.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - hand position]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 09.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - lower extremity]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - resting posture|resting posture]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - upper extremity|upper extremity‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - arm traction|arm traction]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - arm recoil‎‎|arm recoil]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - scarf sign‎|scarf sign]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - hand position‎|hand position]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - lower extremity|lower extremity]]
 +
 +
|-
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 10.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - leg traction]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 11.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - leg recoil]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 12.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - popliteal angle]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 13.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - heel to ear]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 14.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - neck tone‎]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 15.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - head lag]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 16.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn tone - head control]]
 +
 +
|-
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - leg traction|leg traction‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - leg recoil‎‎|leg recoil‎‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - popliteal angle|popliteal angle‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - heel to ear|heel to ear]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - neck tone‎|neck tone]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - head lag|head lag‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn tone - head control|head control]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Positions===
 +
{|
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 17.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn positions - prone]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 18.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn positions - ventral suspension]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 19.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn positions - vertical suspension]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn positions - prone|prone]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn positions - ventral suspension|ventral]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn positions - vertical suspension|vertical]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Reflexes===
 +
{|
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 20.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - deep tendon reflexes]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 21.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - plantar reflex]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 22.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - suck, root]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 23.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - Moro]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 24.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - Galant]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 25.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - stepping]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 26.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - grasp‎]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - deep tendon reflexes|deep tendon reflexes]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - plantar reflex|plantar reflex‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - suck, root|suck, root]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - Moro|Moro]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - Galant|Galant]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - stepping|stepping‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn reflexes - grasp‎|grasp]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Newborn Head===
 +
 +
{|
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 27.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn head shape and sutures‎]]
 +
| [[File:Newborn n 28.jpg|90px|link=Neural Exam - Newborn head circumference]]
 +
|-
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn head shape and sutures|shape, sutures‎]]
 +
| [[Neural Exam - Newborn head circumference|circumference‎]]
 +
|}
 +
 +
==Comparison Table==
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
! Normal
 +
! Abnormal
 +
! Normal
 +
! Abnormal
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn behaviour}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_behaviour}}
 +
| {{Newborn cranial_nerves}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_cranial_nerves}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn resting posture}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_resting posture}}
 +
| {{Newborn upper extremity}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_upper extremity}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn arm traction}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_arm traction}}
 +
| {{Newborn arm recoil}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_arm recoil}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn scarf sign}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_scarf sign}}
 +
| {{Newborn hand position}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_hand position}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn lower extremity}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_lower extremity}}
 +
| {{Newborn leg traction‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_leg traction‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn leg recoil‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_leg recoil‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn popliteal angle‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_popliteal angle‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn heel to ear}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_heel to ear}}
 +
| {{Newborn neck tone}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_neck tone}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn head lag‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head lag‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn head control‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head control‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn prone‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_prone‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn ventral‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_ventral‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn vertical‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_vertical‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn deep tendon reflexes}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_deep tendon reflexes}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn plantar reflex‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_plantar reflex‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn suck-root}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_suck-root}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn Moro}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_Moro}}
 +
| {{Newborn Galant‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_Galant‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn stepping‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_stepping‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn grasp}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_grasp}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn head shape}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head shape}}
 +
| {{Newborn head circumference‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head circumference‎}}
 +
|}
 +
 +
 +
 +
{|
 +
|-
 +
! Normal
 +
! Abnormal
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn behaviour}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_behaviour}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn cranial_nerves}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_cranial_nerves}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn resting posture}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_resting posture}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn upper extremity}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_upper extremity}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn arm traction}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_arm traction}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn arm recoil}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_arm recoil}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn scarf sign}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_scarf sign}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn hand position}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_hand position}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn lower extremity}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_lower extremity}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn leg traction‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_leg traction‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn leg recoil‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_leg recoil‎‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn popliteal angle‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_popliteal angle‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn heel to ear}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_heel to ear}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn neck tone}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_neck tone}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn head lag‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head lag‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn head control‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head control‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn prone‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_prone‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn ventral‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_ventral‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn vertical‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_vertical‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn deep tendon reflexes}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_deep tendon reflexes}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn plantar reflex‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_plantar reflex‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn suck-root}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_suck-root}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn Moro}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_Moro}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn Galant‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_Galant‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn stepping‎‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_stepping‎‎}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn grasp}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_grasp}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn head shape}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head shape}}
 +
|-
 +
| {{Newborn head circumference‎}}
 +
| {{Newborn_ab_head circumference‎}}
 +
|}

Latest revision as of 13:36, 8 May 2018

2018

J Exp Child Psychol. 2018 Aug;172:189-200. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2018.03.009. Epub 2018 Apr 5. The redeployment of attention to the mouth of a talking face during the second year of life. Hillairet de Boisferon A1, Tift AH1, Minar NJ2, Lewkowicz DJ3. Author information Abstract Previous studies have found that when monolingual infants are exposed to a talking face speaking in a native language, 8- and 10-month-olds attend more to the talker's mouth, whereas 12-month-olds no longer do so. It has been hypothesized that the attentional focus on the talker's mouth at 8 and 10 months of age reflects reliance on the highly salient audiovisual (AV) speech cues for the acquisition of basic speech forms and that the subsequent decline of attention to the mouth by 12 months of age reflects the emergence of basic native speech expertise. Here, we investigated whether infants may redeploy their attention to the mouth once they fully enter the word-learning phase. To test this possibility, we recorded eye gaze in monolingual English-learning 14- and 18-month-olds while they saw and heard a talker producing an English or Spanish utterance in either an infant-directed (ID) or adult-directed (AD) manner. Results indicated that the 14-month-olds attended more to the talker's mouth than to the eyes when exposed to the ID utterance and that the 18-month-olds attended more to the talker's mouth when exposed to the ID and the AD utterance. These results show that infants redeploy their attention to a talker's mouth when they enter the word acquisition phase and suggest that infants rely on the greater perceptual salience of redundant AV speech cues to acquire their lexicon. KEYWORDS: Audiovisual speech; Eye-tracking; Infants; Selective attention; Speech perception; Vocabulary PMID: 29627481 PMCID: PMC5920681 [Available on 2019-08-01] DOI: 10.1016/j.jecp.2018.03.009


Missing

https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/Neural_Exam_-_30_month_Motor_5

MP4 version


http://library.med.utah.edu/pedineurologicexam/html/home_exam.html

original page - http://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/Child/page7a.htm#WHOMilestones

Neural Exam - 3 month normal behaviour‎‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal cranial nerves‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal tone - upper extremity | Neural Exam - 3 month normal - hand movements | Neural Exam - 3 month normal tone - lower extremity‎ | Neural Exam - 3 month normal - head and trunk control

Normal Newborn Neural Exam Movies  
Normal Newborn Neural Exam Movies

The newborn neuromuscular system can be initially assessed by 6 quick tests (posture, square window, arm recoil, popliteal angle, scarf sign and heel to ear). The following short videos show clinical examination of these assessments and a number of neonatal reflexes.

Later developmental assessment includes behaviour, reflexes (primitive and postural), muscular tone, and motor (gross, fine, co-ordination).

Normal Newborn Neural Exam Movies

Newborn Behaviour
Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn n 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn Tone
Newborn n 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn n 04.jpg
‎‎ Tone Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 05.jpg
‎‎ Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn n 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn n 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn n 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn n 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn n 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn Positions
Newborn n 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn Reflexes
Newborn n 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn n 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn n 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn Head
Newborn n 27.jpg
‎‎ Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn n 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play
Neural Exam Movies: normal behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎ | Neonatal Diagnosis


Abnormal Newborn Neural Exam Movies  
Abnormal Newborn Neural Exam Movies

The newborn neuromuscular system can be initially assessed by 6 quick tests (posture, square window, arm recoil, popliteal angle, scarf sign and heel to ear). The following short videos show clinical examination of these assessments and a number of neonatal reflexes.

Later developmental assessment includes behaviour, reflexes (primitive and postural), muscular tone, and motor (gross, fine, co-ordination).

Newborn Behaviour

Newborn ab 01.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn ab 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play

Newborn Tone

Newborn ab 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn ab 04.jpg
 ‎‎Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 05.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn ab 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn ab 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn ab 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn ab 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn ab 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play


Newborn Positions

Newborn ab 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play

Newborn Reflexes

Newborn ab 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn ab 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn ab 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant
Page | Play
Newborn ab 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play


Newborn Head

Newborn ab 27.jpg
 ‎‎Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn ab 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play



Newborn Abnormal Links: behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎


New Templates

Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn n 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn n 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn n 04.jpg
‎‎ Tone Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 05.jpg
‎‎ Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn n 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn n 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn n 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn n 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn n 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn n 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn n 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn n 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 27.jpg
‎‎ Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn n 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play


Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg
‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn n 02.jpg
‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play


Newborn Tone

Newborn n 03.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎resting posture

Page | Play


Newborn n 04.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎upper extremity

Page | Play


Newborn n 05.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎upper extremity

Page | Play


Newborn n 06.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎arm recoil

Page | Play


Newborn n 07.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎scarf sign

Page | Play


Newborn n 08.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎hand position

Page | Play


Newborn n 09.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎lower extremity

Page | Play


Newborn n 10.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎leg traction

Page | Play


Newborn n 11.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎leg recoil

Page | Play


Newborn n 12.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎popliteal angle

Page | Play


Newborn n 13.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎heel to ear

Page | Play


Newborn n 14.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎heel to ear

Page | Play


Newborn n 15.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎head lag

Page | Play


Newborn n 16.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn tone

 ‎‎head control

Page | Play


Newborn Positions

Newborn n 17.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn positions

 ‎‎prone

Page | Play


Newborn n 18.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn positions

 ‎‎ventral suspension

Page | Play


Newborn n 19.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn positions

 ‎‎vertical suspension

Page | Play


Newborn Reflexes

Newborn n 20.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎deep tendon

Page | Play


Newborn n 21.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎plantar reflex

Page | Play


Newborn n 22.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎suck, root

Page | Play


Newborn n 23.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎Moro

Page | Play


Newborn n 24.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎Galant

Page | Play


Newborn n 25.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎stepping

Page | Play


Newborn n 26.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn reflexes

 ‎‎grasp

Page | Play


Newborn Head

Newborn n 27.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn head

 ‎‎shape and sutures

Page | Play


Newborn n 28.jpg
 ‎‎Newborn head

 ‎‎circumference

Page | Play



Newborn Abnormal

Newborn Abnormal Links: behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎


New Templates

Newborn ab 01.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn ab 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn ab 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn ab 04.jpg
 ‎‎Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 05.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn ab 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn ab 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn ab 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn ab 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn ab 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn ab 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn ab 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn ab 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant
Page | Play
Newborn ab 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 27.jpg
 ‎‎Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn ab 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play

Newborn Behaviour

Newborn ab 01.jpg
Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎behaviour

Page | Play


Newborn ab 02.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎cranial nerve

Page | Play

Newborn Tone

Newborn ab 03.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎resting posture

Page | Play


Newborn ab 04.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎upper extremity

Page | Play


Newborn ab 05.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎arm traction

Page | Play


Newborn ab 06.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎arm recoil

Page | Play
Newborn ab 07.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎scarf sign

Page | Play


Newborn ab 08.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎hand position

Page | Play


Newborn ab 09.jpg
‎‎Newborn abnormal

 ‎‎lower extremity

Page | Play


|- | Newborn ab 10.jpg | Newborn ab 11.jpg | Newborn ab 12.jpg | Newborn ab 13.jpg | Newborn ab 14.jpg | Newborn ab 15.jpg | Newborn ab 16.jpg

|- | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control |}

Newborn Positions

Newborn ab 17.jpg Newborn ab 18.jpg Newborn ab 19.jpg
prone ventral vertical

Newborn Reflexes

Newborn ab 20.jpg Newborn ab 21.jpg Newborn ab 22.jpg Newborn ab 23.jpg Newborn ab 24.jpg Newborn ab 25.jpg Newborn ab 26.jpg
deep tendon reflexes plantar reflex‎ suck, root Moro Galant stepping‎ grasp

Newborn Head

Newborn ab 27.jpg Newborn ab 28.jpg
shape, sutures‎ circumference‎


Links: Neural Exam - Newborn behaviour comparison



Newborn

Neural Exam Movies: normal behaviour | cranial nerves | Newborn Tone - resting posture | upper extremity‎ | arm traction | arm recoil | scarf sign | hand position | lower extremity | leg traction‎ | leg recoil‎‎ | popliteal angle‎ | heel to ear | neck tone | head lag‎ | head control | Newborn Positions - prone | ventral suspension | vertical suspension | Newborn Reflexes - deep tendon reflexes | plantar reflex‎ | suck, root | Moro | Galant | stepping‎ | grasp | Newborn Head - head shape and sutures‎ | head circumference‎ | Neonatal Diagnosis

Newborn Behaviour

Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg Newborn n 02.jpg
normal behaviour cranial nerves

Newborn Tone

Newborn n 03.jpg Newborn n 04.jpg Newborn n 05.jpg Newborn n 06.jpg Newborn n 07.jpg Newborn n 08.jpg Newborn n 09.jpg
resting posture upper extremity‎ arm traction arm recoil scarf sign hand position lower extremity
Newborn n 10.jpg Newborn n 11.jpg Newborn n 12.jpg Newborn n 13.jpg Newborn n 14.jpg Newborn n 15.jpg Newborn n 16.jpg
leg traction‎ leg recoil‎‎ popliteal angle‎ heel to ear neck tone head lag‎ head control

Newborn Positions

Newborn n 17.jpg Newborn n 18.jpg Newborn n 19.jpg
prone ventral vertical

Newborn Reflexes

Newborn n 20.jpg Newborn n 21.jpg Newborn n 22.jpg Newborn n 23.jpg Newborn n 24.jpg Newborn n 25.jpg Newborn n 26.jpg
deep tendon reflexes plantar reflex‎ suck, root Moro Galant stepping‎ grasp

Newborn Head

Newborn n 27.jpg Newborn n 28.jpg
shape, sutures‎ circumference‎

Comparison Table

Normal Abnormal Normal Abnormal
Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn ab 01.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn n 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn ab 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn n 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn ab 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn n 04.jpg
‎‎ Tone Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 04.jpg
 ‎‎Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 05.jpg
‎‎ Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 05.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn ab 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn n 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn ab 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn n 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn ab 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn n 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn ab 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn n 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn ab 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn n 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn ab 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn n 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn ab 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn n 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn ab 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn n 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant
Page | Play
Newborn n 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 27.jpg
‎‎ Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn ab 27.jpg
 ‎‎Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn n 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play
Newborn ab 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play


Normal Abnormal
Newborn-normal-behaviour.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn ab 01.jpg
 ‎‎Behaviour
Page | Play
Newborn n 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn ab 02.jpg
 ‎‎Cranial Nerves
Page | Play
Newborn n 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn ab 03.jpg
 ‎‎Resting Posture
Page | Play
Newborn n 04.jpg
‎‎ Tone Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 04.jpg
 ‎‎Upper Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 05.jpg
‎‎ Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 05.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 06.jpg
 ‎‎Arm Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn ab 07.jpg
 ‎‎Scarf Sign
Page | Play
Newborn n 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 08.jpg
 ‎‎Hand Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn ab 09.jpg
 ‎‎Lower Limb
Page | Play
Newborn n 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn ab 10.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Traction
Page | Play
Newborn n 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn ab 11.jpg
 ‎‎Leg Recoil
Page | Play
Newborn n 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn ab 12.jpg
 ‎‎Popliteal Angle
Page | Play
Newborn n 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn ab 13.jpg
 ‎‎Heel to Ear
Page | Play
Newborn n 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn ab 14.jpg
 ‎‎Neck Tone
Page | Play
Newborn n 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn ab 15.jpg
 ‎‎Head Lag
Page | Play
Newborn n 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn ab 16.jpg
 ‎‎Head Control
Page | Play
Newborn n 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn ab 17.jpg
 ‎‎Prone Position
Page | Play
Newborn n 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 18.jpg
 ‎‎Ventral Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn ab 19.jpg
 ‎‎Vertical Suspend
Page | Play
Newborn n 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn ab 20.jpg
 ‎‎Tendon Reflexes
Page | Play
Newborn n 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 21.jpg
 ‎‎Plantar Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn ab 22.jpg
 ‎‎Reflex Suck,Root
Page | Play
Newborn n 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 23.jpg
 ‎‎Moro Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 24.jpg
 ‎‎Galant
Page | Play
Newborn n 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 25.jpg
 ‎‎Stepping Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn ab 26.jpg
 ‎‎Grasp Reflex
Page | Play
Newborn n 27.jpg
‎‎ Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn ab 27.jpg
 ‎‎Head Shape
Page | Play
Newborn n 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play
Newborn ab 28.jpg
‎‎Head Circumference
Page | Play